[USC07] 10 USC Ch. 159: REAL PROPERTY; RELATED PERSONAL PROPERTY; AND LEASE OF NON-EXCESS PROPERTY
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10 USC Ch. 159: REAL PROPERTY; RELATED PERSONAL PROPERTY; AND LEASE OF NON-EXCESS PROPERTY
From Title 10—ARMED FORCESSubtitle A—General Military LawPART IV—SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT

CHAPTER 159—REAL PROPERTY; RELATED PERSONAL PROPERTY; AND LEASE OF NON-EXCESS PROPERTY

Sec.
2661.
Miscellaneous administrative provisions relating to real property.
[2661a.
Repealed.]
2662.
Real property transactions: reports to congressional committees.
2663.
Land acquisition authorities.
2664.
Limitations on real property acquisition.
2665.
Sale of certain interests in land; logs.
[2666.
Repealed.]
2667.
Leases: non-excess property of military departments and Defense Agencies.
[2667a.
Repealed.]
2668.
Easements for rights-of-way.
2668a.
Easements: granting restrictive easements in connection with land conveyances.
[2669.
Repealed.]
2670.
Use of facilities by private organizations; use as polling places.
2671.
Military reservations and facilities: hunting, fishing, and trapping.
2672.
Protection of buildings, grounds, property, and persons.
[2672a, 2673. Repealed.]
2674.
Operation and control of Pentagon Reservation and defense facilities in National Capital Region.
2675.
Leases: foreign countries.
[2676, 2677. Renumbered or Repealed.]
2678.
Feral horses and burros: removal from military installations.
2679.
Installation-support services: intergovernmental support agreements.
[2680.
Repealed.]
2681.
Use of test and evaluation installations by commercial entities.
2682.
Facilities for defense agencies.
2683.
Relinquishment of legislative jurisdiction; minimum drinking age on military installations.
2684.
Cooperative agreements for management of cultural resources.
2684a.
Agreements to limit encroachments and other constraints on military training, testing, and operations.
2685.
Adjustment of or surcharge on selling prices in commissary stores to provide funds for construction and improvement of commissary store facilities.
2686.
Utilities and services: sale; expansion and extension of systems and facilities.
2687.
Base closures and realignments.
2687a.
Overseas base closures and realignments and basing master plans.
2688.
Utility systems: conveyance authority.
[2689, 2690. Renumbered.]
2691.
Restoration of land used by permit or damaged by mishap; reimbursement of State costs of fighting wildland fires.
2692.
Storage, treatment, and disposal of nondefense toxic and hazardous materials.
[2693.
Repealed.]
2694.
Conservation and cultural activities.
2694a.
Conveyance of surplus real property for natural resource conservation.
2694b.
Participation in wetland mitigation banks.
2694c.
Participation in conservation banking programs.
2695.
Acceptance of funds to cover administrative expenses relating to certain real property transactions.
2696.
Real property: transfer between armed forces and screening requirements for other Federal use.
2697.
Acceptance and use of landing fees charged for use of domestic military airfields by civil aircraft.

        

Historical and Revision Notes

1962 Act

This section makes necessary clerical amendments to chapter analysis.

Amendments

2017Pub. L. 115–91, div. B, title XXVIII, §2814(c), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1850, substituted "Restoration of land used by permit or damaged by mishap; reimbursement of State costs of fighting wildland fires" for "Restoration of land used by permit or lease" in item 2691.

2015Pub. L. 114–92, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(b), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1174, added item 2672.

2014Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title III, §351(c)(2), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3347, added item 2679.

2011Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title III, §341(b), div. B, title XXVIII, §2814(c), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4190, 4464, struck out item 2680 "Leases: land for special operations activities" and added item 2697.

2009Pub. L. 111–84, div. B, title XXVIII, §2822(a)(2), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2666, added item 2687a.

2008Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title III, §311(b), div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(f)(2), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4409, 4728, added items 2667 and 2694c and struck out former items 2667 "Leases: non-excess property of military departments" and 2667a "Leases: non-excess property of Defense agencies".

Pub. L. 110–181, div. B, title XXVIII, §2822(b)(2), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 544, struck out item 2677 "Options: property required for military construction projects".

2006Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §§2822(d), 2823(b), 2825(d)(2)(B), 2851(c)(3), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2475–2477, 2495, added item 2668a, substituted "Real property: transfer between armed forces and screening requirements for other Federal use" for "Screening of real property for further Federal use before conveyance" in item 2696, and struck out items 2669 "Easements for rights-of-way: gas, water, sewer pipe lines", 2689 "Development of geothermal energy on military lands", 2690 "Fuel sources for heating systems; prohibition on converting certain heating facilities", and 2693 "Conveyance of certain property: Department of Justice correctional options program".

Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(g), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3513, added items 2663 and 2664 and struck out former item 2663 "Acquisition" and items 2672 "Authority to acquire low-cost interests in land", 2672a "Acquisition: interests in land when need is urgent", and 2676 "Acquisition: limitation".

2004Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(e)(3), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2130, substituted "Use of facilities by private organizations; use as polling places" for "Military installations: use by American National Red Cross; use as polling places" in item 2670 and struck out items 2664 "Acquisition of property for lumber production", 2666 "Acquisition: land purchase contracts; limitation on commission", 2673 "Acquisition of certain interests in land: availability of funds", and 2679 "Representatives of veterans' organizations: use of space and equipment".

2003Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title III, §314(a)(2), div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(b)(3), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1431, 1725, substituted "Authority to acquire low-cost interests in land" for "Acquisition: interests in land when cost is not more than $500,000" in item 2672 and added item 2694b.

2002Pub. L. 107–314, div. B, title XXVIII, §§2811(b), 2812(a)(2), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2707, 2709, added items 2684a and 2694a.

2001Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title X, §1048(a)(26)(B)(ii), title XVI, §1607(b)(3), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1225, 1280, substituted "Military installations: use by American National Red Cross; use as polling places" for "Licenses: military installations; erection and use of buildings; American National Red Cross" in item 2670 and "Conveyance of certain property: Department of Justice correctional options program" for "Conveyance of certain property" in item 2693.

1998Pub. L. 105–261, div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(b)(2), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2206, struck out "from other agencies" after "lease" in item 2691.

1997Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title III, §§343(g)(3), 371(c)(2), title X, §§1061(c)(2), 1062(b), div. B, title XXVIII, §§2811(b)(2), 2812(b), 2813(b), 2814(a)(2), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1688, 1705, 1891, 1892, 1992-1995, inserted "of military departments" after "property" in item 2667, added item 2667a, substituted "$500,000" for "$200,000" in item 2672, added items 2686 and 2688, substituted "Storage, treatment, and" for "Storage and" in item 2692, and added items 2695 and 2696.

1996Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title III, §§332(a)(2), 369(b)(2), div. B, title XXVIII, §2862(b), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2485, 2498, 2805, substituted "of Pentagon Reservation and defense facilities in National Capital Region" for "of the Pentagon Reservation" in item 2674 and added items 2684 and 2694.

1993Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VIII, §846(b), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1723, added item 2681.

1992Pub. L. 102–496, title IV, §403(a)(2)(B), Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3185, substituted "reports to congressional committees" for "Reports to the Armed Services Committees" in item 2662.

1991Pub. L. 102–190, div. B, title XXVIII, §2863(a)(2), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1560, added item 2680.

1990Pub. L. 101–647, title XVIII, §1802(b), Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat. 4850, added item 2693.

Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIV, §1481(h)(2), div. B, title XXVIII, §2804(a)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1708, 1785, added items 2674 and 2678.

1988Pub. L. 100–370, §§1(l)(4), 2(b)(2), July 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 849, 854, added items 2661 and 2673 and struck out item 2693 "Prohibition on contracts for performance of firefighting or security-guard functions".

1987Pub. L. 100–224, §5(b)(3), Dec. 30, 1987, 101 Stat. 1538, inserted "; prohibition on converting certain heating facilities" after "systems" in item 2690.

Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title XI, §1112(b)(3), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1147, inserted "or security-guard" before "functions" in item 2693.

1986Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title XII, §§1205(a)(2), 1222(a)(2), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3972, 3976, substituted "Fuel sources for heating systems" for "Restriction on fuel sources for new heating systems" in item 2690 and added item 2693.

Pub. L. 98–115, title VIII, §807(c)(2), Oct. 11, 1983, 97 Stat. 789; Pub. L. 99–167, title VIII, §806(a), Dec. 3, 1985, 99 Stat. 988, struck out item 2667a "Sale and replacement of nonexcess real property", eff. Oct. 1, 1986.

1985Pub. L. 99–167, title VIII, §810(b)(2), Dec. 3, 1985, 99 Stat. 990, substituted "$200,000" for "$100,000" in item 2672.

Pub. L. 99–145, title XII, §1224(c)(2), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 729, inserted "; minimum drinking age on military installations" in item 2683.

1984Pub. L. 98–407, title VIII, §§804(b), 805(b), Aug. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1519, 1521, added items 2691 and 2692.

1983Pub. L. 98–115, title VIII, §807(a)(2), Oct. 11, 1983, 97 Stat. 788, added item 2667a.

1982Pub. L. 97–321, title VIII, §805(b)(4), Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1573, substituted in item 2689 "Development of geothermal energy on military lands" for "Development of sources of energy on or for military installations".

Pub. L. 97–295, §1(31)(B), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1296, struck out item 2661a "Appropriations for advance planning of military public works".

Pub. L. 97–258, §2(b)(6)(A), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1053, added item 2661a.

Pub. L. 97–214, §§6(c)(2), 10(a)(4), (5)(C), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 173, 175, struck out items 2661 "Planning and construction of public works projects by military departments", 2673 "Restoration or replacement of facilities damaged or destroyed", 2674 "Minor construction projects", 2678 "Acquisition of mortgaged housing units", 2681 "Construction or acquisition of family housing and community facilities in foreign countries", 2684 "Construction of family quarters; limitations on space", 2686 "Leases: military family housing", and 2688 "Use of solar energy systems in new facilities", substituted "Options: property required for military construction projects" for "Options: property required for public works projects of military departments" in item 2677, and added items 2689 and 2690.

1980Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §511(89), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2928, struck out item 2680 "Reimbursement of owners of property acquired for public works projects for moving expenses".

Pub. L. 96–418, title VIII, §806(b), Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1777, as amended by Pub. L. 97–22, §11(c), July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 138, substituted "$100,000" for "$50,000" in item 2762.

1979Pub. L. 96–125, title VIII, §804(a)(2), Nov. 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 948, added item 2688.

1977Pub. L. 95–82, title V, §504(a)(2), title VI, §§608(b), 612(b), Aug. 1, 1977, 91 Stat. 371, 378, 380, substituted "Minor construction projects" for "Establishment and development of military facilities and installations costing less than $400,000" in item 2674 and added items 2686 and 2687.

1975Pub. L. 94–107, title VI, §607(1), (9), (10), Oct. 7, 1975, 89 Stat. 566, 567, substituted "$400,000" for "$300,000" in item 2674, struck out "; structures not on a military base" in item 2675, and added item 2672a.

1974Pub. L. 93–552, title VI, §611, Dec. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 1765, added item 2685.

1973Pub. L. 93–166, title V, §509(b), Nov. 29, 1973, 87 Stat. 677, added item 2684.

1971Pub. L. 92–145, title VII, §707(2), Oct. 27, 1971, 85 Stat. 411, substituted "$50,000" for "$25,000" in item 2672.

1970Pub. L. 91–511, title VI, §§607(1), 613(2), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1223, 1226, substituted "$300,000" for "$200,000" in item 2674, and added item 2683.

1963Pub. L. 88–174, title VI, §609(a)(2), Nov. 7, 1963, 77 Stat. 329, added item 2682.

1962Pub. L. 87–651, title I, §112(d), title II, §209(b), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 512, 524, substituted "$25,000" for "$5,000" in item 2672 and added items 2679 to 2681.

1960Pub. L. 86–500, title V, §511(2), June 8, 1960, 74 Stat. 187, substituted "Reports to the Armed Services Committees" for "Agreement with Armed Services Committees; reports" in item 2662.

1958Pub. L. 85–861, §1(52), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1461, added items 2672 to 2678.

Pub. L. 85–337, §4(2), Feb. 28, 1958, 72 Stat. 29, added item 2671.

§2661. Miscellaneous administrative provisions relating to real property

(a) Availability of Operation and Maintenance Funds.—Appropriations for operation and maintenance of the active forces shall be available for the following:

(1) The repair of facilities.

(2) The installation of equipment in public and private plants.


(b) Leasing and Road Maintenance Authority.—The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of each military department may provide for the following:

(1) The leasing of buildings and facilities (including the payment of rentals for special purpose space at the seat of Government). Rental for such leases may be paid in advance in connection with—

(A) the conduct of field exercises and maneuvers; and

(B) the administration of the Act of July 9, 1942 (43 U.S.C. 315q).


(2) The maintenance of defense access roads which are certified to the Secretary of Transportation as important to the national defense under the provisions of section 210 of title 23.


(c) Prohibition on Naming Department of Defense Real Property After Member of Congress.—(1) Real property under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of a military department may not be named after, or otherwise officially identified by the name of, any individual who is a Member of Congress at the time the property is so named or identified.

(2) In this subsection:

(A) The term "Member of Congress" includes a Delegate or Resident Commissioner to the Congress.

(B) The term "real property" includes structures, buildings, or other infrastructure of a military installation, roadways and defense access roads, and any other area on the grounds of a military installation.


(d) Treatment of Pentagon Reservation.—In this chapter, the terms "Secretary concerned" and "Secretary of a military department" include the Secretary of Defense with respect to the Pentagon Reservation.

(Added Pub. L. 100–370, §1(l)(3), July 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 849; amended Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(a)(1), (e)(1), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2129, 2130; Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(d), (e), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3512; Pub. L. 112–81, div. B, title XXVIII, §2863(a), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1701.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Subsection (a) of this section and sections 2241(a) and 2253(b) of this title are based on Pub. L. 98–212, title VII, §735, Dec. 8, 1983, 97 Stat. 1444, as amended by Pub. L. 98–525, title XIV, §§1403(a)(2), 1404, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2621.

Subsection (b) is based on Pub. L. 99–190, §101(b) [title VIII, §8005(d), (f)], Dec. 19, 1985, 99 Stat. 1185, 1202.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2661, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 147, related to planning and construction of public works projects by military departments, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–214, §7(1), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 173, eff. Oct. 1, 1982, and applicable to military construction projects, and to construction and acquisition of military family housing authorized before, on, or after such date.

Amendments

2011—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 112–81 added subsec. (c).

2006—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(d), redesignated subsec. (c) as section 2664(b) of this title.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(e), added subsec. (d).

2004—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 108–375, §2821(e)(1), inserted headings.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–375, §2821(a)(1), added subsec. (c).

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Pub. L. 112–81, div. B, title XXVIII, §2863(b), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1702, provided that: "The prohibition in subsection (c) of section 2661 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply only with respect to real property of the Department of Defense named after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 31, 2011]."

Increased Percentage of Sustainment Funds Authorized for Realignment to Restoration and Modernization at Each Installation

Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title III, §322, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1353, provided that:

"(a) In General.—The Secretary of Defense may authorize an installation commander to realign up to 7.5 percent of an installation's sustainment funds to restoration and modernization.

"(b) Sunset.—The authority under subsection (a) shall expire at the close of September 30, 2022.

"(c) Definitions.—The terms 'sustainment', 'restoration', and 'modernization' have the meanings given the terms in the Department of Defense Financial Management Regulation."

Disclosure of Beneficial Ownership by Foreign Persons of High Security Space Leased by the Department of Defense

Pub. L. 115–91, div. B, title XXVIII, §2876, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1871, provided that:

"(a) Identification of Beneficial Ownership.—Before entering into a lease agreement with a covered entity for accommodation of a military department or Defense Agency in a building (or other improvement) that will be used for high-security leased space, the Department of Defense shall require the covered entity to—

"(1) identify each beneficial owner of the covered entity by—

"(A) name;

"(B) current residential or business street address; and

"(C) in the case of a United States person, a unique identifying number from a nonexpired passport issued by the United States or a nonexpired drivers license issued by a State; and

"(2) disclose to the Department of Defense any beneficial owner of the covered entity that is a foreign person.

"(b) Required Disclosure.—

"(1) Initial disclosure.—The Secretary of Defense shall require a covered entity to provide the information required under subsection (a), when first submitting a proposal in response to a solicitation for offers issued by the Department.

"(2) Updates.—The Secretary of Defense shall require a covered entity to update a submission of information required under subsection (a) not later than 60 days after the date of any change in—

"(A) the list of beneficial owners of the covered entity; or

"(B) the information required to be provided relating to each such beneficial owner.

"(c) Precautions.—If a covered entity discloses a foreign person as a beneficial owner of a building (or other improvement) from which the Department of Defense is leasing high-security leased space, the Department of Defense shall notify the tenant of the space to take appropriate security precautions.

"(d) Definitions.—

"(1) Beneficial owner.—

"(A) In general.—The term beneficial owner—

"(i) means, with respect to a covered entity, each natural person who, directly or indirectly—

     "(I) exercises control over the covered entity through ownership interests, voting rights, agreements, or otherwise; or

     "(II) has an interest in or receives substantial economic benefits from the assets of the covered entity; and

"(ii) does not include, with respect to a covered entity—

     "(I) a minor child;

     "(II) a person acting as a nominee, intermediary, custodian, or agent on behalf of another person;

     "(III) a person acting solely as an employee of the covered entity and whose control over or economic benefits from the covered entity derives solely from the employment status of the person;

     "(IV) a person whose only interest in the covered entity is through a right of inheritance, unless the person otherwise meets the definition of 'beneficial owner' under this paragraph; and

     "(V) a creditor of the covered entity, unless the creditor otherwise meets the requirements of 'beneficial owner' described above.

"(B) Anti-abuse rule.—The exceptions under subparagraph (A)(ii) shall not apply if used for the purpose of evading, circumventing, or abusing the requirements of this section.

"(2) Covered entity.—The term 'covered entity' means a person, copartnership, corporation, or other public or private entity.

"(3) Foreign person.—The term 'foreign person' means an individual who is not a United States person or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence into the United States.

"(4) High-security leased space.—The term 'high-security leased space' means a space leased by the Department of Defense that has a security level of III, IV, or V, as determined in accordance with the Interagency Security Committee Risk Management Process.

"(5) United states person.—The term 'United States person' means a natural person who is a citizen of the United States or who owes permanent allegiance to the United States."

Pilot Program to Provide Additional Tools for Efficient Operation of Military Installations

Pub. L. 107–107, div. B, title XXVIII, §2813, Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1308, authorized the Secretary of Defense, until Dec. 31, 2005, to carry out a pilot program, known as the "Pilot Efficient Facilities Initiative", for purposes of determining the potential for increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of the operation of military installations.

Study of Establishment of Land Management and Training Center

Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title III, §329, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2715, directed Secretary of the Army to submit to Congress not later than May 1, 1996, a study and report on feasibility and advisability of establishing a center for land management activities and land management training activities of Department of Defense.

[§2661a. Repealed. Pub. L. 97–295, §1(31)(A), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1296]

Section, added Pub. L. 97–258, §2(b)(6)(B), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1054, authorized appropriations for advance design of military public works not otherwise authorized and for construction management of foreign government funded projects used primarily by United States armed forces, and required preliminary reports to Congress on military public works whose projected advance costs exceeded a specified level.

The repeal of this section by Pub. L. 97–295 reflected the effect of section 7(2) and (8) of the Military Construction Codification Act (Pub. L. 97–214, July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 173), which repealed the source statutes of this section (subsec. (a) was based on acts Sept. 28, 1951, ch. 434, §504, 65 Stat. 364; July 15, 1955, ch. 368, §512, 69 Stat. 352; Dec. 23, 1981, Pub. L. 97–99, §902, 95 Stat. 1381 (31 U.S.C. 723); and subsec. (b) was based on acts Sept. 12, 1966, Pub. L. 89–568, §612, 80 Stat. 756; Dec. 27, 1974, Pub. L. 93–552, §607, 88 Stat. 1763 (31 U.S.C. 723a)) subsequent to Apr. 15, 1982, the cut-off date prescribed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 97–258, section 2(b)(6)(B) of which enacted this section.

§2662. Real property transactions: reports to congressional committees

(a) General Notice and Wait Requirements.—(1) The Secretary of a military department or, with respect to a Defense Agency, the Secretary of Defense may not enter into any of the following listed transactions by or for the use of that department until the Secretary concerned submits a report, subject to paragraph (3), to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives:

(A) An acquisition of fee title to any real property, if the estimated price is more than $750,000.

(B) A lease of any real property to the United States, if the estimated annual rental is more than $750,000.

(C) A lease, license, or easement of real property owned by the United States (other than a lease or license entered into under section 2667(g) of this title), if the estimated annual fair market rental value of the property is more than $750,000.

(D) A transfer of real property owned by the United States to another Federal agency or another military department or to a State, if the estimated value is more than $750,000.

(E) A report of excess real property owned by the United States to a disposal agency, if the estimated value is more than $750,000.

(F) Any termination or modification by either the grantor or grantee of an existing license or permit of real property owned by the United States to a military department, under which substantial investments have been or are proposed to be made in connection with the use of the property by the military department.

(G) Any transaction or contract action that results in, or includes, the acquisition or use by, or the lease or license to, the United States of real property, if the estimated annual rental or cost for the use of the real property is more than $750,000.

(H) Any transaction or contract action for the provision and operation of energy production facilities on real property under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department, as authorized by section 2922a(a)(2) of this title, if the term of the transaction or contract exceeds 20 years.


(2) If a transaction covered by subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1) is part of a project, the report shall include a summary of the general plan for that project, including an estimate of the total cost of the lands to be acquired or leases to be made, as well as the certification described in paragraph (5). The report required by this subsection concerning any report of excess real property described in subparagraph (E) of paragraph (1) shall contain a certification by the Secretary concerned that he has considered the feasibility of exchanging such property for other real property authorized to be acquired for military purposes and has determined that the property proposed to be declared excess is not suitable for such purpose.

(3) The authority of the Secretary concerned to enter into a transaction described in paragraph (1) commences only after the end of the 14-day period beginning on the first day of the first month beginning on or after the date on which the report containing the facts concerning such transaction, and all other such proposed transactions for that month, is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title.

(4) The report for a month under this subsection may not be submitted later than the first day of that month.

(5) For purposes of paragraph (2), the certification described in this paragraph with respect to an acquisition or lease of real property is a certification that the Secretary concerned—

(A) evaluated the feasibility of using space in property under the jurisdiction of the Department of Defense to satisfy the purposes of the acquisition or lease; and

(B) determined that—

(i) space in property under the jurisdiction of the Department of Defense is not reasonably available to be used to satisfy the purposes of the acquisition or lease;

(ii) acquiring the property or entering into the lease would be more cost-effective than the use of the Department of Defense property; or

(iii) the use of the Department of Defense property would interfere with the ongoing military mission of the property.


(b) Additional Reporting Requirements Regarding Leases of Real Property Owned by the United States.—(1) In the case of a proposed lease, license, or easement of real property owned by the United States covered by paragraph (1)(C) of subsection (a), the Secretary concerned shall comply with the notice-and-wait requirements of paragraph (3) of such subsection before—

(A) issuing a contract solicitation or other lease offering with regard to the transaction; and

(B) providing public notice regarding any meeting to discuss a proposed contract solicitation with regard to the transaction.


(2) The report under paragraph (3) of subsection (a) shall include the following with regard to a proposed transaction covered by paragraph (1)(C) of such subsection:

(A) A description of the proposed transaction, including the proposed duration of the lease, license, or easement.

(B) A description of the authorities to be used in entering into the transaction.

(C) A statement of the scored cost of the entire transaction, determined using the scoring criteria of the Office of Management and Budget.

(D) A determination that the property involved in the transaction is not excess property, as required by section 2667(a)(3) of this title, including the basis for the determination.

(E) A determination that the proposed transaction is directly compatible with the mission of the military installation or Defense Agency at which the property is located and a description of the anticipated long-term use of the property at the conclusion of the lease or license.

(F) A description of the requirements or conditions within the contract solicitation or other lease offering for the person making the offer to address taxation issues, including payments-in-lieu-of taxes, and other development issues related to local municipalities.

(G) If the proposed lease involves a project related to energy production, a certification by the Secretary of Defense that the project, as it will be specified in the contract solicitation or other lease offering, is consistent with the Department of Defense performance goals and plan required by section 2911 of this title.


(3) The Secretary concerned may not enter into the actual lease or license with respect to property for which the information required by paragraph (2) was submitted in a report under subsection (a)(3) unless the Secretary again complies with the notice-and-wait requirements of such subsection. The subsequent report shall include the following with regard to the proposed transaction:

(A) A cross reference to the prior report that contained the information submitted under paragraph (2) with respect to the transaction.

(B) A description of the differences between the information submitted under paragraph (2) and the information regarding the transaction being submitted in the subsequent report.

(C) A description of the payment to be required in connection with the lease, license, or easement, including a description of any in-kind consideration that will be accepted.

(D) A description of any community support facility or provision of community support services under the lease, license, or easement, regardless of whether the facility will be operated by a covered entity (as defined in section 2667(d) of this title) or the lessee or the services will be provided by a covered entity or the lessee.

(E) A description of the competitive procedures used to select the lessee or, in the case of a lease involving the public benefit exception authorized by section 2667(h)(2) of this title, a description of the public benefit to be served by the lease.


(c) Excepted Projects.—This section does not apply to real property for water resource development projects of the Corps of Engineers, or to leases of Government-owned real property for agricultural or grazing purposes or to any real property acquisition specifically authorized in a Military Construction Authorization Act.

(d) Statements of Compliance in Transaction Instruments.—A statement in an instrument of conveyance, including a lease, that the requirements of this section have been met, or that the conveyance is not subject to this section, is conclusive.

(e) Reports on Transactions Involving Intelligence Components.—Whenever a transaction covered by this section is made by or on behalf of an intelligence component of the Department of Defense or involves real property used by such a component, any report under this section with respect to the transaction that is submitted to the congressional committees named in subsection (a) shall be submitted concurrently to the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.

(f) Exceptions for Transactions for War and Certain Emergency and Other Operations.—(1) The reporting requirement set forth in subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to a real property transaction otherwise covered by that subsection if the Secretary concerned determines that the transaction is made as a result of any of the following:

(A) A declaration of war.

(B) A declaration of a national emergency by the President pursuant to the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.).

(C) A declaration of an emergency or major disaster pursuant to the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.).

(D) The use of the militia or the armed forces after a proclamation to disperse under section 254 of this title.

(E) A contingency operation.


(2) The reporting requirement set forth in subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to a real property transaction otherwise covered by that subsection if the Secretary concerned determines that—

(A) an event listed in paragraph (1) is imminent; and

(B) the transaction is necessary for purposes of preparation for such event.


(3) Not later than 30 days after entering into a real property transaction covered by paragraph (1) or (2), the Secretary concerned shall submit to the committees named in subsection (a) a report on the transaction. The report shall set forth any facts or information which would otherwise have been submitted in a report on the transaction under subsection (a), but for the operation of paragraph (1) or (2).

(g) Secretary Concerned Defined.—In this section, the term "Secretary concerned" includes, with respect to Defense Agencies, the Secretary of Defense.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 147; Pub. L. 86–70, §6(c), June 25, 1959, 73 Stat. 142; Pub. L. 86–500, title V, §511(1), June 8, 1960, 74 Stat. 186; Pub. L. 86–624, §4(c), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 411; Pub. L. 92–145, title VII, §707(5), Oct. 27, 1971, 85 Stat. 412; Pub. L. 92–545, title VII, §709, Oct. 25, 1972, 86 Stat. 1154; Pub. L. 93–552, title VI, §610, Dec. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 1765; Pub. L. 94–107, title VI, §607(5), (6), Oct. 7, 1975, 89 Stat. 566; Pub. L. 94–431, title VI, §614, Sept. 30, 1976, 90 Stat. 1367; Pub. L. 96–418, title VIII, §805, Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1777; Pub. L. 100–456, div. B, title XXVIII, §2803, Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2115; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIII, §1311(6), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1670; Pub. L. 102–496, title IV, §403(a)(1), (2)(A), Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3185; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1502(a)(23), div. D, title XLIII, §4321(b)(21), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 505, 673; Pub. L. 105–261, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811, Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2204; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, §1067(1), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 774; Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. B, title XXVIII, §2811], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-416; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1031(a)(27), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1598; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title X, §1084(d)(22), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2062; Pub. L. 110–181, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821, Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 543; Pub. L. 110–417, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811, Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4725; Pub. L. 111–383, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(a)–(f), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4461, 4462; Pub. L. 112–81, div. B, title XXVIII, §2812, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1686; Pub. L. 112–239, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821, Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2152; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1081(a)(45), div. B, title XXVIII, §§2811(a), 2812, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1596, 1848, 1849.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
2662(a)

2662(b)

2662(c)

40:551.

40:552.

40:553.

Sept. 28, 1951, ch. 434, §§601–604, 65 Stat. 365, 366.
2662(d) 40:554.

In subsection (a), the words "must come to an agreement * * * before entering into any of the following transactions by or for the use of that department:" are substituted for the words "shall come into agreement * * * with respect to those real-estate actions by or for the use of the military departments * * * that are described in subsection (a)–(e) of this section, and in the manner therein described". The last sentence is substituted for the last sentence of 40:551(a) and 40:551(b).

In subsection (a)(4), the words "or another military department" are substituted for the words "including transfers between the military departments". The words "under the jurisdiction of the military departments" are omitted as surplusage.

In subsection (b), the words "more than $5,000 but not more than $25,000" are substituted for the words "between $5,000 and $25,000". The words "shall report" are substituted for the words "will, in addition, furnish * * * reports".

In subsection (c), the words "the United States, Alaska, Hawaii" are substituted for the words "the continental United States, the Territory of Alaska, the Territory of Hawaii", since, as defined in section 101(1) of this title, "United States" includes the States and the District of Columbia; and "Territories" includes Alaska and Hawaii.

In subsection (d), the words "A statement * * * that the requirements of this section have been met" are substituted for the words "A recital of compliance with this chapter * * * to the effect that the requirements of this chapter have been complied with". The words "in the alternative", "or lease", and "evidence thereof" are omitted as surplusage.

References in Text

The National Emergencies Act, referred to in subsec. (f)(1)(B), is Pub. L. 94–412, Sept. 14, 1976, 90 Stat. 1255, which is classified principally to chapter 34 (§1601 et seq.) of Title 50, War and National Defense. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1601 of Title 50 and Tables.

The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, referred to in subsec. (f)(1)(C), is Pub. L. 93–288, May 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 143, which is classified principally to chapter 68 (§5121 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5121 of Title 42 and Tables.

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 115–91, §2812(1), inserted ", as well as the certification described in paragraph (5)" after "leases to be made".

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 115–91, §2811(a), amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) required wait periods following submittal of reports before transactions could be authorized.

Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 115–91, §2812(2), added par. (5).

Subsec. (f)(1)(D). Pub. L. 115–91, §1081(a)(45), substituted "section 254" for "section 334".

2013—Subsec. (a)(1)(H). Pub. L. 112–239 added subpar. (H).

2011—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 111–383, §2811(f)(1)(A), substituted "the Secretary concerned submits" for "the Secretary submits" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(1)(C). Pub. L. 112–81, §2812(1), substituted "lease, license, or easement" for "lease or license".

Pub. L. 111–383, §2811(a), inserted "(other than a lease or license entered into under section 2667(g) of this title)" after "United States".

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 111–383, §2811(f)(1)(B), substituted "the Secretary concerned" for "the Secretary of a military department or the Secretary of Defense" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 111–383, §2811(b), (e), added subsec. (b) and struck out former subsec. (b). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Secretary of each military department and, with respect to Defense Agencies, the Secretary of Defense shall submit annually to the congressional committees named in subsection (a) a report on transactions described in subsection (a) that involve an estimated value of more than $250,000, but not more than $750,000."

Subsec. (b)(1), (2)(A), (3)(C), (D). Pub. L. 112–81, §2812(2), substituted "lease, license, or easement" for "lease or license".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 111–383, §2811(c), substituted "Excepted Projects" for "Geographic Scope; Excepted Projects" in heading and "This section does not" for "This section applies only to real property in the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, the American Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. It does not" in text.

Subsecs. (e), (f). Pub. L. 111–383, §2811(d), (f)(2), redesignated subsecs. (f) and (g) as (e) and (f), respectively, and struck out former subsec. (e). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "No element of the Department of Defense shall occupy any general purpose space leased for it by the General Services Administration at an annual rental in excess of $750,000 (excluding the cost of utilities and other operation and maintenance services), if the effect of such occupancy is to increase the total amount of such leased space occupied by all elements of the Department of Defense, until the end of the 30-day period beginning on the date on which a report of the facts concerning the proposed occupancy is submitted to the congressional committees named in subsection (a) or, if earlier, the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date on which a copy of the report is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title."

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 111–383, §2811(f)(3)(A), struck out ", and the reporting requirement set forth in subsection (e) shall not apply with respect to a real property transaction otherwise covered by that subsection," before "if the Secretary" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (f)(3). Pub. L. 111–383, §2811(f)(3)(B), struck out "or (e), as the case may be" after "under subsection (a)".

Subsec. (f)(4). Pub. L. 111–383, §2811(f)(3)(C), struck out par. (4), which read as follows: "In this subsection, the term 'Secretary concerned' includes, with respect to Defense Agencies, the Secretary of Defense."

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 111–383, §2811(f)(4), added subsec. (g). Former subsec. (g) redesignated (f).

2008—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 110–181, §2821(a)(1)(A), substituted "or, with respect to a Defense Agency, the Secretary of Defense" for ", or his designee," in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(1)(G). Pub. L. 110–181, §2821(b), added subpar. (G).

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 110–181, §2821(a)(1)(B), inserted "or the Secretary of Defense" after "military department" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 110–181, §2821(a)(2), inserted "and, with respect to Defense Agencies, the Secretary of Defense" after "military department".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 110–417 substituted "water resource development projects of the Corps of Engineers" for "river and harbor projects or flood control projects".

Subsec. (g)(4). Pub. L. 110–181, §2821(a)(3), added par. (4).

2004—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 108–375 substituted "shall include a summary" for "must include a summarization" and inserted "of paragraph (1)" after "in subparagraph (E)".

2003—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–136, §1031(a)(27)(A)(i)–(v), inserted "(1)" after subsec. heading, substituted "the Secretary submits a report, subject to paragraph (3)," for "after the expiration of 30 days from the date upon which a report of the facts concerning the proposed transaction is submitted", redesignated former pars. (1) to (6) as subpars. (A) to (F), respectively, of par. (1), substituted "$750,000" for "$500,000" in subpars. (A) to (E), designated concluding provisions as par. (2), and substituted "subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1)" for "clause (1) or (2)" and "subparagraph (E)" for "clause (5)".

Subsec. (a)(3), (4). Pub. L. 108–136, §1031(a)(27)(A)(vi), added pars. (3) and (4).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 108–136, §1031(a)(27)(B), substituted "more than $250,000, but not more than $750,000" for "more than the simplified acquisition threshold specified in section 4(11) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(11)), but not more than $500,000".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 108–136, §1031(a)(27)(C), substituted "$750,000" for "$500,000" and "the end of the 30-day period beginning on the date on which a report of the facts concerning the proposed occupancy is submitted to the congressional committees named in subsection (a) or, if earlier, the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date on which a copy of the report is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title" for "the expiration of thirty days from the date upon which a report of the facts concerning the proposed occupancy is submitted to the congressional committees named in subsection (a)".

2000—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(a)], substituted "$500,000" for "$200,000" wherever appearing.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106–398 substituted "specified in section 4(11) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(11))," for "under section 2304(g) of this title" and "$500,000" for "$200,000".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(a)], substituted "$500,000" for "$200,000".

1999—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106–65 substituted "and the Committee on Armed Services" for "and the Committee on National Security" in introductory provisions.

1998—Subsecs. (a) to (f). Pub. L. 105–261, §2811(b), inserted subsec. headings.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105–261, §2811(a), added subsec. (g).

1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–106, §1502(a)(23)(A), substituted "the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives" for "the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives" in introductory provisions and struck out "to be submitted to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives" after "The report required by this subsection" in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–106, §4321(b)(21), substituted "simplified acquisition threshold" for "small purchase threshold".

Pub. L. 104–106, §1502(a)(23)(B), substituted "shall submit annually to the congressional committees named in subsection (a) a report" for "shall report annually to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104–106, §1502(a)(23)(C), substituted "the congressional committees named in subsection (a)" for "the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104–106, §1502(a)(23)(D), substituted "the congressional committees named in subsection (a) shall" for "the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives shall".

1992Pub. L. 102–496, §403(a)(2)(A), substituted "reports to congressional committees" for "Reports to the Armed Services Committees" in section catchline.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 102–496, §403(a)(1), added subsec. (f).

1990—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–510 substituted "the small purchase threshold under section 2304(g) of this title" for "$5,000".

1988—Subsecs. (a), (b), (e). Pub. L. 100–456 substituted "$200,000" for "$100,000" wherever appearing.

1980—Subsecs. (a), (b), (e). Pub. L. 96–418 substituted "$100,000" for "$50,000" wherever appearing.

1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–431 provided that the report on the excess property owned by the United States contain a certification by the Secretary concerned that he has considered the feasibility of exchanging such excess property for property suitable for military purposes and has determined such excess property not suitable for exchange.

1975—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94–107, §607(5), substituted requirement of annual reports for requirement of quarterly reports.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94–107, §607(6), inserted provisions extending the applicability of the section to Guam, the American Samoa, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and, in provisions relating to the inapplicability of the section, inserted reference to any real property acquisition specifically authorized in a Military Construction Authorization Act.

1974—Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 93–552 added par. (6).

1972—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 92–545 added subsec. (e).

1971—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 92–145 made the restriction applicable to a license of real property and substituted "estimated annual fair market rental value" for "estimated annual rental".

1960—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 86–500 prohibited the Secretary of a military department, or his designee, from entering into any of the transactions listed in subsec. (a) until after the expiration of 30 days from the date upon which a report of the facts concerning the proposed transaction is submitted to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives, and increased the amounts in pars. (1) to (5) from $25,000 to $50,000.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 86–500 substituted "$50,000" for "$25,000".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 86–624 and Pub. L. 86–500 struck out reference to Hawaii.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 86–500 reenacted subsection without change.

1959—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 86–70 struck out reference to Alaska.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

For effective date and applicability of amendment by section 4321(b)(21) of Pub. L. 104–106, see section 4401 of Pub. L. 104–106, set out as a note under section 2302 of this title.

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–456 effective Oct. 1, 1988, see section 2702 of Pub. L. 100–456, set out as a note under section 2391 of this title.

Termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions.

Reduction or Realignment of Training Bases

Pub. L. 95–485, title VI, §602, Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1617, prohibited any action to implement any substantial reduction or force structure realignment of the composite of installations, posts, camps, stations, and bases that had as a primary or secondary mission the conduct of formal entry level, advanced individual, or specialty training as a part of the fiscal year 1979 Defense manpower program unless certain criteria were complied with.

Closing of Facilities; Closures or Realignments Publicly Announced After September 30, 1977

Pub. L. 95–82, title VI, §612(c), Aug. 1, 1977, 91 Stat. 380, provided that: "Section 611 of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1966 (Public Law 89–188; 10 U.S.C. 2662 note), and section 612 of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1977 (Public Law 94–431; 90 Stat. 1366) [which was not classified to the Code], shall be inapplicable in the case of any closure of a military installation, and any realignment with respect to a military installation, which is first publicly announced after September 30, 1977."

Closing of Facilities; Reports to Congress

Pub. L. 89–188, title VI, §611, Sept. 16, 1965, 79 Stat. 818, as amended by Pub. L. 89–568, title VI, §613, Sept. 12, 1966, 80 Stat. 757, required a report to Congress and a waiting period in connection with the closing of Defense Department facilities, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–214, §7(7), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 173, eff. Oct. 1, 1982.

§2663. Land acquisition authorities

(a) Acquisition of Land by Condemnation for Certain Military Purposes.—(1) Subject to subsection (f), the Secretary of a military department may have proceedings brought in the name of the United States, in a court of proper jurisdiction, to acquire by condemnation any interest in land, including temporary use, needed for—

(A) the site, construction, or operation of fortifications, coast defenses, or military training camps;

(B) the construction and operation of plants for the production of nitrate and other compounds, and the manufacture of explosives or other munitions of war; or

(C) the development and transmission of power for the operation of plants under subparagraph (B).


(2) In time of war or when war is imminent, the United States may, immediately upon the filing of a petition for condemnation under paragraph (1), take and use the land to the extent of the interest sought to be acquired.

(b) Acquisition by Purchase in Lieu of Condemnation.—The Secretary of the military department concerned may contract for or buy any interest in land, including temporary use, needed for any purpose named in subsection (a), as soon as the owner fixes a price for it and the Secretary considers that price to be reasonable.

(c) Acquisition of Low-Cost Interests in Land.—(1) The Secretary of a military department may acquire any interest in land that—

(A) the Secretary determines is needed in the interest of national defense; and

(B) does not cost more than $750,000, exclusive of administrative costs and the amounts of any deficiency judgments.


(2) The Secretary of a military department may acquire any interest in land that—

(A) the Secretary determines is needed solely to correct a deficiency that is life-threatening, health-threatening, or safety-threatening; and

(B) does not cost more than $1,500,000, exclusive of administrative costs and the amounts of any deficiency judgments.


(3) This subsection does not apply to the acquisition, as a part of the same project, of more than one parcel of land unless the parcels are noncontiguous, or, if contiguous, unless the total cost is not more than $750,000, in the case of an acquisition under paragraph (1), or $1,500,000, in the case of an acquisition under paragraph (2).

(4) Appropriations available to the Department of Defense for operation and maintenance or construction may be used for the acquisition of land or interests in land under this subsection.

(d) Acquisition of Interests in Land When Need Is Urgent.—(1) The Secretary of a military department may acquire any interest in land in any case in which the Secretary determines that—

(A) the acquisition is needed in the interest of national defense;

(B) the acquisition is required to maintain the operational integrity of a military installation; and

(C) considerations of urgency do not permit the delay necessary to include the required acquisition in an annual Military Construction Authorization Act.


(2) Not later than 10 days after the date on which the Secretary of a military department determines to acquire an interest in land under the authority of this subsection, the Secretary shall submit, in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title, to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a notice containing a description of the property and interest to be acquired and the reasons for the acquisition.

(3) Appropriations available for military construction may be used for the purposes of this subsection.

(e) Survey Authority; Acquisition Methods.—Authority provided the Secretary of a military department by law to acquire an interest in real property (including a temporary interest) includes authority—

(1) to make surveys; and

(2) to acquire the interest in real property by gift, purchase, exchange of real property owned by the United States, or otherwise.


(f) Advance Notice of Use of Condemnation.—(1) Before commencing any legal proceeding to acquire any interest in land under subsection (a), including acquisition for temporary use, by condemnation, eminent domain, or seizure, the Secretary of the military department concerned shall—

(A) pursue, to the maximum extent practicable, all other available options for the acquisition or use of the land, such as the purchase of an easement or the execution of a land exchange; and

(B) submit to the congressional defense committees a report containing—

(i) a description of the land to be acquired;

(ii) a certification that negotiations with the owner or owners of the land occurred, and that the Secretary tendered consideration in an amount equal to the fair market value of the land, as determined by the Secretary; and

(iii) an explanation of the other approaches considered for acquiring use of the land, the reasons for the acquisition of the land, and the reasons why alternative acquisition strategies are inadequate.


(2) The Secretary concerned may have proceedings brought in the name of the United States to acquire the land after the end of the 21-day period beginning on the date on which the report is received by the committees in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title.

(g) Exception to Advance Notice Requirement.—If the Secretary of a military department determines that the use of condemnation, eminent domain, or seizure to acquire an interest in land is required under subsection (a) to satisfy a requirement vital to national security, and that any delay would be detrimental to national security or the protection of health, safety, or the environment, the Secretary may have proceedings brought in the name of the United States to acquire the land in advance of submitting the report required by subsection (f)(1)(B). However, the Secretary shall submit the report not later than seven days after commencement of the legal proceedings with respect to the land.

(h) Land Acquisition Options in Advance of Military Construction Projects.—(1) The Secretary of a military department may acquire an option on a parcel of real property before or after its acquisition is authorized by law, if the Secretary considers it suitable and likely to be needed for a military project of the military department under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.

(2) As consideration for an option acquired under paragraph (1), the Secretary may pay, from funds available to the military department under the jurisdiction of the Secretary for real property activities, an amount that is not more than 12 percent of the appraised fair market value of the property.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 147; Pub. L. 85–861, §33(a)(14), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1565; Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(a), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3511; Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(b), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2474; Pub. L. 110–181, div. B, title XXVIII, §2822(a), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 544; Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title X, §1075(g)(6), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4377; Pub. L. 115–91, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(b), (c), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1848.)

Historical and Revision Notes
1956 Act
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
2663(a)

2663(b)

2663(c)

50:171 (less provisos).

50:171 (last proviso).

50:171 (1st proviso).

July 2, 1917, ch. 35; restated Apr. 11, 1918, ch. 51, 40 Stat. 518.
2663(d) 50:171 (2d proviso).

[50:171 is made applicable to the Navy by 50:171–1 (less 16th through 21st words)].

Oct. 25, 1951, ch. 563, §101 (less 22d through 43d words), 65 Stat. 641.

In subsection (a), the words "brought * * * in a court of proper jurisdiction" are substituted for the words "instituted * * * in any court having jurisdiction of such proceedings". The words "any interest in land, including temporary use" are substituted for the words "any land, temporary use thereof or other interest therein, or right pertaining thereto". The words "relating to suits for the condemnation of property" are omitted as surplusage. The last sentence is substituted for 50:171 (words between semicolon and first proviso). The Act of July 2, 1917, ch. 35, as restated by the Act of April 11, 1918, ch. 51 (last 77 words), are not contained in 50:171. They are also omitted from the revised section as executed.

In subsection (a)(1), the word "location" is omitted as surplusage. The words "operation of" are substituted for the words "prosecution of works for".

In subsection (b), the words "That when such property is acquired" are omitted as surplusage. The words "under subsection (a)" are substituted for the words "of any land, temporary use thereof or other use therein or right pertaining thereto to be acquired for any of the purposes aforesaid". The words "take and use" are substituted for the words "possession thereof may be taken * * * and used for military purposes".

In subsection (c), the words "as soon as the owner fixes a price for it" are substituted for the words "That when the owner of such land, interest, or rights pertaining thereto shall fix a price for the same". The word "considers" is substituted for the words "which in the opinion". The words "contract for or buy" are substituted for the words "purchase or enter into a contract". The words "without further delay" are omitted as surplusage.

In subsection (d), the words "a gift of any interest in land * * * for any purpose named in subsection (a)" are substituted for 50:171 (last 15 words of 2d proviso).

1958 Act

The deletion of the last sentence of section 2663(a) and the last sentence of section 2664(a) reflects their implied repeal by Rule 71A of the Rules of Civil Procedure for the United States District Courts (see 28 U.S.C. 2072). (See letter from Assistant Attorney General (Lands Division), Department of Justice, August 1957, to General Counsel, Department of Defense.) The other changes conform section 2664 to section 2663, both of which were based on the same source statute (sec. 8 of the Act of July 9, 1918, ch. 143, subch. XV, 40 Stat. 888) and both of which include the temporary use of the kinds of property respectively covered.

Codification

The text of section 2672, part of which was transferred to this section, redesignated subsec. (c), and amended by Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(a)(2)–(5), was based on Pub. L. 85–861, §1(51), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1459; amended Pub. L. 87–651, title I, §112(a), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 511; Pub. L. 92–145, title VII, §707(2), (3), Oct. 27, 1971, 85 Stat. 411; Pub. L. 96–418, title VIII, §806(a), Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1777; Pub. L. 99–167, title VIII, §810(a), (b)(1), Dec. 3, 1985, 99 Stat. 989, 990; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title XIII, §1343(a)(16), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3993; Pub. L. 100–456, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804, Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2115; Pub. L. 105–85, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(a), (b)(1), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1991; Pub. L. 108–136, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(a)–(b)(2), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1724, 1725; Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(d)(1), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2130.

The text of section 2672a of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated subsec. (d), and amended by Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(a)(6)–(9), was based on Pub. L. 94–107, title VI, §607(8), Oct. 7, 1975, 89 Stat. 566; amended Pub. L. 98–525, title XIV, §1405(39), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2624; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1502(a)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 502; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, §1067(1), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 774; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1031(a)(29), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1599; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title X, §1084(d)(23), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2062.

The text of section 2676(b) of this title, which was transferred to this section, redesignated subsec. (e), and amended by Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(a)(10), (11), was based on Pub. L. 85–861, §1(51), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1460; amended Pub. L. 97–214, §5, July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 170.

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 115–91, §2811(b), inserted ", in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title," after "submit" and substituted "a notice" for "written notice".

Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 115–91, §2811(c), struck out "or, if over sooner, the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date on which a copy of the report is provided" after "received by the committees".

2011—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 111–383 made technical amendment to directory language of Pub. L. 109–364, §2821(b)(1). See 2006 Amendment note below.

2008—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 110–181 added subsec. (h).

2006Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(a)(1)(A), substituted "Land acquisition authorities" for "Acquisition" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(a)(1)(B), (C), inserted "Acquisition of Land by Condemnation for Certain Military Purposes.—(1)" before "The Secretary" in introductory provisions, redesignated former pars. (1) to (3) as subpars. (A) to (C), respectively, of par. (1), in subpar. (C), substituted "subparagraph (B)" for "clause (2)", redesignated subsec. (b) as par. (2) and substituted "paragraph (1)" for "subsection (a)".

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 109–364, §2821(b)(1), as amended by Pub. L. 111–383, substituted "Subject to subsection (f), the Secretary" for "The Secretary" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(a)(1)(D), redesignated subsec. (c) as (b) and inserted heading.

Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(a)(1)(C), redesignated subsec. (b) as subsec. (a)(2).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(a)(2)–(5), redesignated pars. (1) and (2) of subsec. (a) and subsecs. (b) and (d) of section 2672 of this title as pars. (1), (2), (3), and (4), respectively, of subsec. (c) of this section, inserted subsec. heading, in par. (3), substituted "This subsection" for "This section", "paragraph (1)" for "subsection (a)(1)", and "paragraph (2)" for "subsection (a)(2)", in par. (4), substituted "this subsection" for "this section", and struck out headings for former subsecs. (a), (b), and (d) of section 2672.

Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(a)(1)(D), redesignated subsec. (c) as (b).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(a)(6)–(9), redesignated subsecs. (a), (c), and (b) of section 2672a of this title as pars. (1), (2), and (3), respectively, of subsec. (d) of this section, inserted subsec. heading, in par. (1), redesignated former pars. (1) to (3) as subpars. (A) to (C), respectively, in par. (2), substituted "this subsection" for "this section", and in par. (3), substituted "this subsection" for "this section" in first sentence and struck out second sentence which read as follows: "The authority to acquire an interest in land under this section includes authority to make surveys and acquire interests in land (including temporary use), by gift, purchase, exchange of land owned by the United States, or otherwise."

Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(a)(1)(E), struck out subsec. (d) which read as follows: "The Secretary of the military department concerned may accept for the United States a gift of any interest in land, including temporary use, for any purpose named in subsection (a)."

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(a)(10), (11), redesignated subsec. (b) of section 2676 of this title as subsec. (e) of this section and inserted heading.

Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 109–364, §2821(b)(2), added subsecs. (f) and (g).

1958—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 85–861 struck out provisions requiring proceedings under this subsection to be in accordance with the law of the State in which the suit is brought.

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title X, §1075(g), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4376, provided that amendment by section 1075(g)(6) is effective as of Oct. 17, 2006, and as if included in Pub. L. 109–364 as enacted.

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 85–861 effective Aug. 10, 1956, see section 33(g) of Pub. L. 85–861, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.

Sense of Congress

Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(a), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2473, provided that: "It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Defense, when acquiring land for military purposes, should—

"(1) make every effort to acquire the land by means of purchases from willing sellers; and

"(2) employ condemnation, eminent domain, or seizure procedures only as a measure of last resort in cases of compelling national security requirements or at the request of the seller."

§2664. Limitations on real property acquisition

(a) Authorization for Acquisition Required.—No military department may acquire real property not owned by the United States unless the acquisition is expressly authorized by law. The foregoing limitation shall not apply to the acceptance by a military department of real property acquired under the authority of the Administrator of General Services to acquire property by the exchange of Government property pursuant to subtitle I of title 40 and division C (except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title 41.

(b) Commissions on Land Purchase Contracts.—The maximum amount payable as a commission on a contract for the purchase of land from funds appropriated for the Department of Defense is two percent of the purchase price.

(c) Cost Limitations.—(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the cost authorized for a land acquisition project may be increased by not more than 25 percent of the amount appropriated for the project by Congress or 200 percent of the amount specified by law as the maximum amount for a minor military construction project, whichever is lesser, if the Secretary concerned determines (A) that such an increase is required for the sole purpose of meeting unusual variations in cost, and (B) that such variations in cost could not have been reasonably anticipated at the time the project was originally approved by Congress.

(2) Until subsection (d) is complied with, a land acquisition project may not be placed under contract if, based upon the agreed price for the land or, in the case of land to be acquired by condemnation, the amount to be deposited with the court as just compensation for the land—

(A) the scope of the acquisition, as approved by Congress, is proposed to be reduced by more than 25 percent; or

(B) the agreed price for the land or, in the case of land to be acquired by condemnation, the amount to be deposited with the court as just compensation for the land, exceeds the amount appropriated for the project by more than (i) 25 percent, or (ii) 200 percent of the amount specified by law as the maximum amount for a minor military construction project, whichever is lesser.


(d) Congressional Notification.—The limitations on reduction in scope or increase in cost of a land acquisition in subsection (c) do not apply if the reduction in scope or the increase in cost, as the case may be, is approved by the Secretary concerned and a notification of the facts relating to the proposed reduced scope or increased cost (including a statement of the reasons therefor) is submitted by the Secretary concerned to the congressional defense committees. A contract for the acquisition may then be awarded only after the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date the notification is received by the committees in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title.

(e) Payment of Judgements and Settlements.—The Secretary concerned shall promptly pay any deficiency judgment against the United States awarded by a court in an action for condemnation of any interest in land or resulting from a final settlement of an action for condemnation of any interest in land. Payments under this subsection may be made from funds available to the Secretary concerned for military construction projects and without regard to the limitations of subsections (c) and (d).

(Added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(51), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1460, §2676; amended Pub. L. 93–166, title VI, §608(2), Nov. 29, 1973, 87 Stat. 682; Pub. L. 97–214, §5, July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 170; Pub. L. 98–407, title VIII, §802, Aug. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1519; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title XIII, §1343(a)(17)(A), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3993; Pub. L. 102–190, div. B, title XXVIII, §2870(1), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1562; Pub. L. 107–217, §3(b)(14), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1296; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title X, §1062(a)(11), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2650; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1031(a)(30), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1600; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title X, §1084(b)(4), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2061; renumbered §2664 and amended Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(a)(10), (b)–(d), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3512; Pub. L. 111–350, §5(b)(45), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3846; Pub. L. 115–91, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(d), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1848.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
2676 [Uncodified]. July 27, 1954, ch. 579, §501(b) (less provisos), 68 Stat. 560.

The word "property" is substituted for the word "estate". The words "not owned by the United States" are substituted for the words "not in Federal ownership". The words "or shall be" are omitted as surplusage.

Codification

The text of section 2661(c) of this title, which was transferred to this section and redesignated subsec. (b) by Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(d), was based on Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(a)(1), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2129.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2664, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 148; Pub. L. 85–861, §33(a)(15), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1565; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §511(90), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2928; Pub. L. 97–31, §12(3)(A), Aug. 6, 1981, 95 Stat. 153; Pub. L. 97–295, §1(32), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1296; Pub. L. 100–26, §7(d)(6), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 281, related to acquisition of property for lumber production, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(b), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2129.

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 115–91 struck out "written" before "notification of the facts" and "or, if over sooner, a period of 14 days elapses from the date on which a copy of that notification is provided" before "in an electronic medium" and substituted "the end of the 14-day period beginning on" for "a period of 21 days elapses from".

2011—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–350, which directed substitution "division C (except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title 41" for "title III of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended (41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.)", was executed by making the substitution for "title III of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.)" to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

2006Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(c), renumbered section 2676 of this title as this section and substituted "Limitations on real property acquisition" for "Acquisition: limitation" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(b)(1), inserted heading and struck out ", as amended" after "Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949" in text.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(d), redesignated subsec. (c) of section 2661 of this title as subsec. (b) of this section.

Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(a)(10), transferred subsec. (b) to section 2663 of this title.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(b)(2)(A), inserted heading.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(b)(2)(B), substituted "Until subsection (d) is complied with, a land" for "A land" in introductory provisions and "lesser." for "lesser," in subpar. (B) and struck out concluding provisions which read "until subsection (d) is complied with."

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(b)(3), inserted heading.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 109–163, §2821(b)(4), inserted heading.

2004—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 108–375 substituted "congressional defense committees" for "appropriate committees of Congress".

2003—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 108–136 inserted before period at end "or, if over sooner, a period of 14 days elapses from the date on which a copy of that notification is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title".

2002—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–314 inserted opening parenthesis before "41 U.S.C.".

Pub. L. 107–217 inserted "subtitle I of title 40 and title III of" before "the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949" and substituted "41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.)" for "(40 U.S.C. 471 et seq.)".

1991—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 102–190 struck out "(1)" after "be awarded only" and ", or (2) upon the approval of those committees, if before the end of that period each such committee approves the proposed reduced scope or increased cost" before period at end.

1986—Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 99–661 amended generally language of subpar. (B) before "exceeds the amount". See 1984 Amendment note below.

1984—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 98–407, §802(1), inserted "or, in the case of land to be acquired by condemnation, the amount to be deposited with the court as just compensation for the land" in provisions preceding subpar. (A).

Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 98–407, §802(2), inserted "or, in the case of land to be acquired by condemnation, the amount to be deposited with the court as just compensation for the land,". Insertion of new language following "the agreed price for the land" was executed to text notwithstanding directory language of Pub. L. 98–407 that made a reference to a nonexistent comma following "the agreed price for the land". See 1986 Amendment note above.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 98–407, §802(3), added subsec. (e).

1982Pub. L. 97–214 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and added subsecs. (b) to (d).

1973Pub. L. 93–166 made limitation inapplicable to property acquired under authority of Administrator of General Services to acquire property by exchange of Government property.

Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title XIII, §1343(a)(17)(B), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3993, provided that: "The amendment made by subparagraph (A) [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in the enactment of section 802(2) of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1985 (Public Law 98–407; 98 Stat. 1519) [amending this section]."

Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–214 effective Oct. 1, 1982, and applicable to military construction projects, and to construction and acquisition of military family housing authorized before, on, or after such date, see section 12(a) of Pub. L. 97–214, set out as an Effective Date note under section 2801 of this title.

§2665. Sale of certain interests in land; logs

(a) The President, through an executive department, may sell to any person or foreign government any interest in land that is acquired for the production of lumber or timber products, except land under the control of the Department of the Army or the Department of the Air Force.

(b) The President, through an executive department, may sell to any person or foreign government any forest products produced on land owned or leased by a military department or the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating.

(c) Sales under subsection (a) or (b) shall be at prices determined by the President acting through the selling agency.

(d) Appropriations of the Department of Defense may be reimbursed for all costs of production of forest products pursuant to this section from amounts received as proceeds from the sale of any such property.

(e)(1) Each State in which is located a military installation or facility from which forest products are sold in a fiscal year is entitled at the end of such year to an amount equal to 40 percent of (A) the amount received by the United States during such year as proceeds from the sale of forest products produced on such installation or facility, less (B) the amount of reimbursement of appropriations of the Department of Defense under subsection (d) during such year attributable to such installation or facility.

(2) The amount paid to a State pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be expended as the State legislature may prescribe for the benefit of the public schools and public roads of the county or counties in which the military installation or facility is situated.

(3) In a case in which a military installation or facility is located in more than one State or county, the amount paid pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be distributed in a manner proportional to the area of such installation or facility in each State or county.

(f)(1) There is in the Treasury a reserve account administered by the Secretary of Defense for the purposes of this section. Balances in the account may be used for costs of the military departments—

(A) for improvements of forest lands;

(B) for unanticipated contingencies in the administration of forest lands and the production of forest products for which other sources of funds are not available in a timely manner; and

(C) for natural resources management that implements approved plans and agreements.


(2) There shall be deposited into the reserve account the total amount received by the United States as proceeds from the sale of forest products sold under subsections (a) and (b) less—

(A) reimbursements of appropriations made under subsection (d), and

(B) payments made to States under subsection (e).


(3) The reserve account may not exceed $4,000,000 on December 31 of any calendar year. Unobligated balances exceeding $4,000,000 on that date shall be deposited into the United States Treasury.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 149; Pub. L. 95–82, title VI, §610, Aug. 1, 1977, 91 Stat. 378; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §511(91), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2928; Pub. L. 97–31, §12(3)(B), Aug. 6, 1981, 95 Stat. 153; Pub. L. 97–99, title IX, §910(a), Dec. 23, 1981, 95 Stat. 1386; Pub. L. 97–295, §1(33), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1296; Pub. L. 98–407, title VIII, §809(a), Aug. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1522; Pub. L. 99–561, §4, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3151; Pub. L. 107–296, title XVII, §1704(b)(4), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2314; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title X, §1056(c)(6), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3439.)

Historical and Revision Notes
1956 Act
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
2665(a) 50:172 (last par., less 36th through 64th, and 73d through 109th, words). July 9, 1918, ch. 143, subch. XV, §8 (last par.), 40 Stat. 888.
2665(b) 50:172 (36th through 64th words of last par.).
2665(c) 50:172 (73d through 90th words of last par.).
2665(d) 50:172 (91st through 109th words of last par.).

In subsection (a), the words "an executive department or the Federal Maritime Board" are substituted for the words "any department or the United States Maritime Commission" to reflect an opinion of the Judge Advocate General of the Army (JAGA 1954/1723) and to name the successor of the United States Maritime Commission. The last 18 words are inserted to reflect that opinion (see the Act of February 20, 1931 (10 U.S.C. 1354)). The words "and dispose of" are omitted as surplusage.

In subsection (b), the words "an executive department or the Federal Maritime Board" are inserted for clarity and to name the successor of the United States Maritime Commission.

In subsections (a) and (b), the word "person" is substituted for the words "individuals, corporations," since section 1 of title 1 defines the word "person" to cover both individuals and corporations. The words "States or" are omitted as surplusage.

In subsection (c), the words "the selling agency" are substituted for the words "his above representatives selling or disposing of the same".

1982 Act

This corrects an error in an amendment to 10:2665 made by section 12(3)(B) of the Maritime Act of 1981 (Pub. L. 97–31, Aug. 6, 1981, 95 Stat. 153).

Amendments

2006—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–163 struck out "under section 2664 of this title" after "land that is acquired".

2002—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107–296 substituted "Department in which the Coast Guard is operating" for "Department of Transportation".

1986—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 99–561, §4(1), struck out "available for operation and maintenance during a fiscal year" after "Defense", substituted "costs" for "expenses", and struck out "during such fiscal year" after "such property".

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 99–561, §4(2), struck out "for all expenses of production of forest products" after "subsection (d)".

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 99–561, §4(3)(A), (B), substituted "costs" for "expenses" in provisions preceding subpar. (A) and amended subpar. (C) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (C) read as follows: "for expenses to enable operations of forest lands and the production of forest products to continue from the end of one fiscal year through the beginning of the next fiscal year without disruption."

Subsec. (f)(2), (3). Pub. L. 99–561, §4(3)(C), amended pars. (2) and (3) generally. Prior to amendment, pars. (2) and (3) read as follows:

"(2) Subject to paragraph (3), there shall be deposited into the reserve account not later than December 31 of each year, for credit to the preceding fiscal year, an amount equal to one-half of the amount (if any) remaining of the total amount received by the United States during that fiscal year as proceeds from the sale of forest products after (A) the reimbursement of appropriations of the Department of Defense under subsection (d) for expenses of production of forest products during that fiscal year, and (B) the payment to States under subsection (e) for that fiscal year.

"(3) The balance in the reserve account may not exceed $4,000,000. If a deposit under paragraph (2) would cause the balance in the account to exceed that amount, the deposit shall be made only to the extent the amount of the deposit would not cause the balance in the account to exceed $4,000,000."

1984—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98–407, §809(a)(1), substituted "forest products produced on land owned or leased by a military department or the" for "logs wholly or partly manufactured by, or otherwise procured for, the Army, Navy, or Air Force, or".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 98–407, §809(a)(2), substituted "forest products" for "lumber and timber products".

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 98–407, §809(a)(3), substituted "forest products" for "timber and timber products" in two places and "40 percent" for "25 percent".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 98–407, §809(a)(4), added subsec. (f).

1982—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 97–295 substituted "executive department, may sell" for "executive department" and all that followed through "may sell" in subsecs. (a) and (b), and substituted "Air Force, or Department of Transportation." for "Air Force" and all that followed in subsec. (b), clarifying the ambiguity created by the conflicting language of Pub. L. 96–513 and Pub. L. 97–31.

1981—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 97–31 struck out reference to Federal Maritime Commission in subsec. (a), and substituted "or Department of Transportation" for "or Federal Maritime Commission" and struck out "or the Federal Maritime Commission" after "department" in subsec. (b). Amendment was executed to text in accordance with the probable intent of Congress, notwithstanding amendment of section by Pub. L. 96–513 which substituted different language than language contained in amendatory provisions of Pub. L. 97–31.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 97–99 added subsec. (e).

1980—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 96–513 substituted "Federal Maritime Commission" for "Federal Maritime Board".

1977—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 95–82 substituted provisions relating to reimbursement of production expenses during any fiscal year from proceeds from sales for property during such fiscal year, for provisions requiring proceeds from sales under subsecs. (a) or (b) of this section to be credited to the appropriations under which the property concerned was procured.

Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–296 effective on the date of transfer of the Coast Guard to the Department of Homeland Security, see section 1704(g) of Pub. L. 107–296, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Pub. L. 98–407, title VIII, §809(b), Aug. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1523, provided that:

"(b)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 1984.

"(2) The amendment made by subsection (a)(2)(B) [probably should be '(a)(3)(B)', which amended subsec. (e)(1) of this section] shall apply with respect to payments to States for fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1984."

Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Pub. L. 97–99, title IX, §910(b), Dec. 23, 1981, 95 Stat. 1386, provided that: "Subsection (e) of section 2665 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to timber and timber products sold after September 30, 1981."

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–513 effective Dec. 12, 1980, see section 701(b)(3) of Pub. L. 96–513, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

[§2666. Repealed. Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(a)(2), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2129]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 149, related to limitation on commission on a contract for the purchase of land payable from funds appropriated for the Department of Defense.

§2667. Leases: non-excess property of military departments and Defense Agencies

(a) Lease Authority.—Whenever the Secretary concerned considers it advantageous to the United States, the Secretary concerned may lease to such lessee and upon such terms as the Secretary concerned considers will promote the national defense or to be in the public interest, real or personal property that—

(1) is under the control of the Secretary concerned;

(2) is not for the time needed for public use; and

(3) is not excess property, as defined by section 102 of title 40.


(b) Conditions on Leases.—A lease under subsection (a)—

(1) may not be for more than five years, unless the Secretary concerned determines that a lease for a longer period will promote the national defense or be in the public interest;

(2) may give the lessee the first right to buy the property if the lease is revoked to allow the United States to sell the property under any other provision of law;

(3) shall permit the Secretary to revoke the lease at any time, unless he determines that the omission of such a provision will promote the national defense or be in the public interest;

(4) shall provide for the payment (in cash or in kind) by the lessee of consideration in an amount that is not less than the fair market value of the lease interest, as determined by the Secretary;

(5) may provide, notwithstanding section 1302 of title 40 or any other provision of law, for the alteration, repair, or improvement, by the lessee, of the property leased as the payment of part or all of the consideration for the lease;

(6) except as otherwise provided in subsection (d), shall require the lessee to provide the covered entities specified in paragraph (1) of that subsection the right to establish and operate a community support facility or provide community support services, or seek equitable compensation for morale, welfare, and recreation programs of the Department of Defense in lieu of the operation of such a facility or the provision of such services, if the Secretary determines that the lessee will provide merchandise or services in direct competition with covered entities through the lease; and

(7) may not provide for a leaseback by the Secretary concerned with an annual payment in excess of $500,000, or otherwise commit the Secretary concerned or the Department of Defense to annual payments in excess of such amount.


(c) Types of In-Kind Consideration.—(1) In addition to any in-kind consideration accepted under subsection (b)(5), in-kind consideration accepted with respect to a lease under this section may include the following:

(A) Maintenance, protection, alteration, repair, improvement, or restoration (including environmental restoration) of property or facilities under the control of the Secretary concerned.

(B) Construction of new facilities for the Secretary concerned.

(C) Provision of facilities for use by the Secretary concerned.

(D) Provision or payment of utility services for the Secretary concerned, which shall prioritize energy resilience in the event of commercial grid outages.

(E) Provision of real property maintenance services for the Secretary concerned.

(F) Provision of such other services relating to activities that will occur on the leased property as the Secretary concerned considers appropriate.


(2) In-kind consideration under paragraph (1) may be accepted at any property or facilities under the control of the Secretary concerned that are selected for that purpose by the Secretary concerned.

(3) Sections 2662 and 2802 of this title shall not apply to any new facilities whose construction is accepted as in-kind consideration under this subsection.

(d) Community Support Facilities and Community Support Services Under Lease; Waiver.—(1) In this subsection and subsection (b)(6), the term "covered entity" means each of the following:

(A) The Army and Air Force Exchange Service.

(B) The Navy Exchange Service Command.

(C) The Marine Corps exchanges.

(D) The Defense Commissary Agency.

(E) The revenue-generating nonappropriated fund activities of the Department of Defense conducted for the morale, welfare, and recreation of members of the armed forces.


(2) The Secretary concerned may waive the requirement in subsection (b)(6) with respect to a lease if—

(A) the lease is entered into under subsection (g); or

(B) the Secretary determines that the waiver is in the best interests of the Government.


(3) The Secretary concerned shall submit, in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title, to the congressional defense committees a notice of each waiver under paragraph (2), including the reasons for the waiver.

(4) The covered entities shall exercise the right provided in subsection (b)(6) with respect to a lease, if at all, not later than 90 days after receiving notice from the Secretary concerned regarding the opportunity to exercise such right with respect to the lease. The Secretary may, at the discretion of the Secretary, extend the period under this paragraph for the exercise of the right with respect to a lease for such additional period as the Secretary considers appropriate.

(5) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe in regulations uniform procedures and criteria for the evaluation of proposals for enhanced use leases involving the operation of community support facilities or the provision of community support services by either a lessee under this section or a covered entity.

(e) Deposit and Use of Proceeds.—(1)(A) The Secretary concerned shall deposit in a special account in the Treasury established for that Secretary the following:

(i) All money rentals received pursuant to leases entered into by that Secretary under this section.

(ii) All proceeds received pursuant to the granting of easements by that Secretary under section 2668 of this title.

(iii) All proceeds received by that Secretary from authorizing the temporary use of other property under the control of that Secretary.


(B) Subparagraph (A) does not apply to the following proceeds:

(i) Amounts paid for utilities and services furnished lessees by the Secretary concerned pursuant to leases entered into under this section.

(ii) Money rentals referred to in paragraph (3), (4), or (5).


(C) Subject to subparagraphs (D) and (E), the proceeds deposited in the special account established for the Secretary concerned shall be available to the Secretary, in such amounts as provided in appropriation Acts, for the following:

(i) Maintenance, protection, alteration, repair, improvement, or restoration (including environmental restoration) of property or facilities.

(ii) Construction or acquisition of new facilities.

(iii) Lease of facilities.

(iv) Payment of utility services.

(v) Real property maintenance services.

(vi) Administrative expenses incurred by the Secretary concerned under this section and for easements under section 2668 of this title.


(D) At least 50 percent of the proceeds deposited in the special account established for the Secretary concerned shall be available for activities described in subparagraph (C) only at the military installation or Defense Agency location where the proceeds were derived.

(E) If the proceeds deposited in the special account established for the Secretary concerned are derived from activities associated with a military museum, the proceeds shall be available for activities described in subparagraph (C) only at that museum.

(2) Payments for utilities and services furnished lessees pursuant to leases entered into under this section shall be credited to the appropriation account or working capital fund from which the cost of furnishing the utilities and services was paid.

(3) Money rentals received by the United States directly from a lease under this section for agricultural or grazing purposes of lands under the control of the Secretary concerned (other than lands acquired by the United States for flood control or navigation purposes or any related purpose, including the development of hydroelectric power) may be retained and spent by the Secretary concerned in such amounts as the Secretary considers necessary to cover the administrative expenses of leasing for such purposes and to cover the financing of multiple-land use management programs at any installation under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.

(4) Money rentals received by the United States from a lease under subsection (g) at a military installation approved for closure or realignment under a base closure law shall be deposited into the Department of Defense Base Closure Account established under section 2906(a) of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

(f) Treatment of Lessee Interest in Property.—The interest of a lessee of property leased under this section may be taxed by State or local governments. A lease under this section shall provide that, if and to the extent that the leased property is later made taxable by State or local governments under an Act of Congress, the lease shall be renegotiated.

(g) Special Rules for Base Closure and Realignment Property.—(1) Notwithstanding subtitle I of title 40 and division C (except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title 41 (to the extent those provisions are inconsistent with this subsection) or subsection (a)(2) of this section, pending the final disposition of real property and personal property located at a military installation to be closed or realigned under a base closure law, the Secretary concerned may lease the property to any individual or entity under this subsection if the Secretary determines that such a lease would facilitate State or local economic adjustment efforts.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (b)(4), the Secretary concerned may accept consideration in an amount that is less than the fair market value of the lease interest if the Secretary concerned determines that—

(A) a public interest will be served as a result of the lease; and

(B) the fair market value of the lease is (i) unobtainable, or (ii) not compatible with such public benefit.


(3) Before entering into any lease under this subsection, the Secretary shall consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency in order to determine whether the environmental condition of the property proposed for leasing is such that the lease of the property is advisable. The Secretary and the Administrator shall enter into a memorandum of understanding setting forth procedures for carrying out the determinations under this paragraph.

(4)(A) Notwithstanding the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), the scope of any environmental impact analysis necessary to support an interim lease of property under this subsection shall be limited to the environmental consequences of activities authorized under the proposed lease and the cumulative impacts of other past, present, and reasonably foreseeable future actions during the period of the proposed lease.

(B) Interim leases entered into under this subsection shall be deemed not to prejudice the final disposal decision with respect to the property, even if final disposal of the property is delayed until completion of the term of the interim lease. An interim lease under this subsection shall not be entered into without prior consultation with the redevelopment authority concerned.

(C) Subparagraphs (A) and (B) shall not apply to an interim lease under this subsection if authorized activities under the lease would—

(i) significantly affect the quality of the human environment; or

(ii) irreversibly alter the environment in a way that would preclude any reasonable disposal alternative of the property concerned.


(h) Competitive Procedures for Selection of Certain Lessees; Exception.—(1) If a proposed lease under subsection (a) involves only personal property, the lease term exceeds one year, or the fair market value of the lease interest exceeds $100,000, as determined by the Secretary concerned, the Secretary shall use competitive procedures to select the lessee.

(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply if the Secretary concerned determines that—

(A) a public interest will be served as a result of the lease; and

(B) the use of competitive procedures for the selection of certain lessees is unobtainable or not compatible with the public benefit served under subparagraph (A).


(3) Paragraph (1) does not apply to a renewal or extension of a lease by the Secretary of the Navy with a selected institution for operation of a ship within the University National Oceanographic Laboratory System if, under the lease, each of the following applies:

(A) Use of the ship is restricted to federally supported research programs and to non-Federal uses under specific conditions with approval by the Secretary of the Navy.

(B) Because of the anticipated value to the Navy of the oceanographic research and training that will result from the ship's operation, no monetary lease payments are required from the lessee under the initial lease or under any renewal or extension.

(C) The lessee is required to maintain the ship in a good state of repair, readiness, and efficient operating condition, conform to all applicable regulatory requirements, and assume full responsibility for the safety of the ship, its crew, and scientific personnel aboard.


(4)(A) Paragraph (1) does not apply to a renewal, extension, or succeeding lease by the Secretary concerned with a financial institution selected in accordance with the Department of Defense Financial Management Regulation providing for the selection of financial institutions to operate on military installations if each of the following applies:

(i) The on-base financial institution was selected before the date of the enactment of this paragraph or competitive procedures are used for the selection of any new financial institutions.

(ii) A current and binding operating agreement is in place between the installation commander and the selected on-base financial institution.


(B) The renewal, extension, or succeeding lease shall terminate upon the termination of the operating agreement described in subparagraph (A)(ii) associated with that lease.

(i) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term "administrative expenses" means only those expenses related to assessing, negotiating, executing, and managing lease and easement transactions. The term does not include any Government personnel costs.

(2) The term "community support facility" includes an ancillary supporting facility (as that term is defined in section 2871(1) of this title).

(3) The term "community support services" includes revenue-generating food, recreational, lodging support services, and resale operations and other retail facilities and services intended to support a community.

(4) The term "military installation" has the meaning given such term in section 2687 of this title.

(5) The term "Secretary concerned" means—

(A) the Secretary of a military department, with respect to matters concerning that military department; and

(B) the Secretary of Defense, with respect to matters concerning the Defense Agencies.


(j) Exclusion of Certain Lands.—This section does not apply to oil, mineral, or phosphate lands.

(k) Leases for Education.—Notwithstanding subsection (b)(4), the Secretary concerned may accept consideration in an amount that is less than the fair market value of the lease, if the lease is to a local education agency or an elementary or secondary school (as those terms are defined in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801)).

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 150; Pub. L. 94–107, title VI, §607(7), Oct. 7, 1975, 89 Stat. 566; Pub. L. 94–412, title V, §501(b), Sept. 14, 1976, 90 Stat. 1258; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §511(92), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2928; Pub. L. 97–295, §1(34), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1296; Pub. L. 97–321, title VIII, §803, Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1572; Pub. L. 101–510, div. B, title XXVIII, §2806, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1787; Pub. L. 102–190, div. B, title XXVIII, §2862, Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1559; Pub. L. 102–484, div. B, title XXVIII, §2851, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2625; Pub. L. 103–160, div. B, title XXIX, §2906, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1920; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1502(a)(1), div. B, title XXVIII, §§2831(a), 2832, 2833, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 502, 558, 559; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title III, §361(b)(2), title X, §1061(a)–(c)(1), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1701, 1891; Pub. L. 105–261, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821, Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2208; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, §1067(1), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 774; Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(a)–(e)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-416 to 1654A-418; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title X, §1013, Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1212; Pub. L. 107–217, §3(b)(12), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1296; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title X, §1041(a)(18), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2645; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1043(b)(15), (c)(3), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1611, 1612; Pub. L. 108–178, §4(b)(4), Dec. 15, 2003, 117 Stat. 2641; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title VI, §662, div. B, title XXVIII, §2831, Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2263, 2480; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title X, §1063(c)(13), div. B, title XXVIII, §2823, Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 323, 544; Pub. L. 110–417, div. B, title XXVIII, §§2812(a)–(d), (f)(1), 2831, Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4725, 4726, 4728, 4732; Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title X, §1073(a)(26), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2474; Pub. L. 111–350, §5(b)(44), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3846; Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title X, §1075(b)(41), div. B, title XXVIII, §§2811(g)–2813(a), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4371, 4463; Pub. L. 112–239, div. B, title XXVII, §2712(c)(2), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2145; Pub. L. 113–66, div. B, title XXVIII, §2812, Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1014; Pub. L. 113–291, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811, Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3700; Pub. L. 114–92, div. B, title XXVIII, §2814, Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1175; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1081(a)(46), (47), div. B, title XXVIII, §§2811(e), 2835, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1596, 1597, 1848, 1859.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
2667(a)

 

 

2667(b)

5:626s–3 (1st sentence).

10:1270 (1st sentence).

34:522a (1st sentence).

5:626s–3 (2d through 6th sentences).

10:1270 (2d through 6th sentences).

Aug. 5, 1947, ch. 493, §§1, 6, 61 Stat. 774, 775; Sept. 28, 1951, ch. 434. §605 (as applicable to Act of Aug. 5, 1947, ch. 493, §1), 65 Stat. 366.
  34:522a (2d through 6th sentences).
2667(c) 5:626s–3 (last sentence).
  10:1270 (last sentence).
  34:522a (last sentence).
2667(d) 5:626s–3 (less 1st 6 sentences).
  10:1270 (less 1st 6 sentences).
  34:522a (less 1st 6 sentences).
2667(e) 5:626s–6.

10:1270d.

34:522e.

In subsection (a), the words "considers * * * United States" are substituted for the words "shall deem * * * Government". The words "and conditions" are omitted as surplusage. The words "he considers" are substituted for the words "in his judgment".

In subsection (a)(3), the words "excess property, as defined by section 472 of title 40" are substituted for the words "surplus to the needs of the Department within the meaning of the Surplus Property Act of 1944 [Act of October 3, 1944 (58 Stat. 765)]", in 5:626s–3, 10:1270, and 34:522a, since the words "excess property" are so defined by the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949.

In subsection (b)(2), the words "may give" are substituted for the first 12 words of the third sentence of 5:626s–3, 10:1270, and 34:522a. The words "if the lease is revoked to allow the United States to sell the property" are substituted for the words "in the event of the revocation of the lease in order to permit sale thereof by the Government". The words "under any other provision of law" are inserted for clarity. The words "the first right to buy" are substituted for the words "a right of first refusal". The words "but this section shall not be construed as authorizing the sale of any property unless the sale thereof is otherwise authorized by law" are omitted as surplusage, since the revised section deals only with leases of property.

In subsection (b)(3), the words "must permit" are substituted for the words "Each such lease shall contain a provision permitting". The words "from the lease" are omitted as surplusage.

In subsection (b)(5), the words "any such lease" and "of such property" are omitted as surplusage.

In subsection (c), the words "This section does" are substituted for the words "The authority herein granted shall".

In subsection (e), the words "of property" are inserted for clarity. The words "leased under" are substituted for the words "made or created pursuant to". The words "may be taxed by State or local governments" are substituted for the words "shall be made subject to State or local taxation". The last sentence is substituted for the last sentence of 5:626s–6, 10:1270d, and 34:522e.

References in Text

The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, referred to in subsec. (g)(4)(A), is Pub. L. 91–190, Jan. 1, 1970, 83 Stat. 852, which is classified generally to chapter 55 (§4321 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4321 of Title 42 and Tables.

The date of the enactment of this paragraph, referred to in subsec. (h)(4)(A)(i), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 113–291, which was approved Dec. 19, 2014.

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (c)(1)(D). Pub. L. 115–91, §2835, inserted ", which shall prioritize energy resilience in the event of commercial grid outages" after "Secretary concerned".

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 115–91, §2811(e), substituted "submit, in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title, to the congressional defense committees a notice" for "provide to the congressional defense committees written notice".

Subsec. (e)(1)(E). Pub. L. 115–91, §1081(a)(46)(A), substituted "a military museum" for "a military museum described in section 489(a) of this title".

Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 115–91, §1081(a)(46)(B), substituted "shall be deposited into the Department of Defense Base Closure Account" for "before January 1, 2005, shall be deposited into the account".

Subsec. (e)(5). Pub. L. 115–91, §1081(a)(46)(C), struck out par. (5) which read as follows: "Money rentals received by the United States from a lease under subsection (g) at a military installation approved for closure or realignment under a base closure law on or after January 1, 2005, shall be deposited into the account established under section 2906A(a) of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note)."

Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 115–91, §1081(a)(47), substituted "section 8101" for "section 9101".

2015—Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 114–92 added subsec. (k).

2014—Subsec. (h)(4). Pub. L. 113–291 added par. (4).

2013—Subsec. (e)(1)(C)(vi). Pub. L. 113–66, §2812(a), added cl. (vi).

Subsec. (i)(1), (2). Pub. L. 113–66, §2812(b), added par. (1) and redesignated former par. (1) as (2). Former par. (2) redesignated (3).

Subsec. (i)(3). Pub. L. 113–66, §2812(b), redesignated par. (2) as (3). Former par. (3) redesignated (4).

Pub. L. 112–239 substituted "section 2687" for "section 2687(e)(1)".

Subsec. (i)(4), (5). Pub. L. 113–66, §2812(b), redesignated pars. (3) and (4) as (4) and (5), respectively.

2011—Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 111–383, §2813(a), inserted before period at end ", or otherwise commit the Secretary concerned or the Department of Defense to annual payments in excess of such amount".

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 111–383, §2811(g)(1), struck out par. (4), which set forth reporting requirements for issuance of contract solicitations or other lease offerings with annual payments exceeding $750,000.

Subsec. (d)(6). Pub. L. 111–383, §2811(g)(2), struck out par. (6), which read as follows: "The Secretary concerned shall provide written notification to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives regarding all leases under this section that include the operation of a community support facility or the provision of community support services, regardless of whether the facility will be operated by a covered entity or the lessee or the services will be provided by a covered entity or the lessee."

Subsec. (e)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 111–383, §1075(b)(41)(A), substituted "section 2668" for "sections 2668 and 2669".

Subsec. (e)(1)(E). Pub. L. 111–383, §§2811(g)(3), 2812, added subpar. (E) and struck out former subpar. (E), which read as follows: "The Secretary concerned may not expend under subparagraph (C) an amount in excess of $500,000 at a single military installation or Defense Agency location until 30 days after the date on which a report on the facts of the proposed expenditure is submitted to the congressional defense committees."

Subsec. (e)(5). Pub. L. 111–383, §1075(b)(41)(B), substituted "subsection (g)" for "subsection (f)".

Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 111–350, which directed substitution of "Notwithstanding subtitle I of title 40 and division C (except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title 41 (to the extent those provisions are inconsistent with this subsection) or subsection (a)(2) of this section" for "Notwithstanding subsection (a)(3) or subtitle I of title 40 and title III of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (to the extent subtitle I and title III are inconsistent with this subsection)" in subsec. (f)(1), was executed by making the substitution for "Notwithstanding subsection (a)(2) or subtitle I of title 40 and title III of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (to the extent subtitle I and title III are inconsistent with this subsection)" in subsec. (g)(1), to reflect the probable intent of Congress and the amendment by Pub. L. 109–364, §662(b)(1), (d)(6). See 2006 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (h)(3) to (5). Pub. L. 111–383, §2811(g)(4), redesignated par. (4) as (3) and struck out former pars. (3) and (5) which related to written notice to Congress describing competitive procedures for, or public benefit served by, certain proposed leases and certification requirements for energy production leases exceeding 20 years, respectively.

2009—Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 111–84 substituted "law, the Secretary concerned may" for "law, the Secretary of the military department concerned may".

2008Pub. L. 110–417, §2812(f)(1), amended section catchline generally. Prior to amendment, catchline read as follows: "Leases: non-excess property of military departments".

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–417, §2812(a)(1), amended subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "Whenever the Secretary of a military department considers it advantageous to the United States, he may lease to such lessee and upon such terms as he considers will promote the national defense or be in the public interest, real or personal property that is—

"(1) under the control of that department; and

"(2) not excess property, as defined by section 102 of title 40."

Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 110–417, §2812(b), added par. (7).

Subsec. (c)(1)(D) to (F). Pub. L. 110–181, §2823(a), added subpars. (D) and (E), redesignated former subpar. (E) as (F), and struck out former subpar. (D) which read as follows: "Facilities operation support for the Secretary concerned."

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 110–417, §2812(c), amended par. (4) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (4) read as follows: "In the case of a lease for which all or part of the consideration proposed to be accepted by the Secretary concerned under this subsection is in-kind consideration with a value in excess of $500,000, the Secretary concerned may not enter into the lease until 30 days after the date on which a report on the facts of the lease is submitted to the congressional defense committees."

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 110–417, §2812(d)(1)(A), substituted "Secretary concerned" for "Secretary of a military department" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (d)(3), (4), (6). Pub. L. 110–417, §2812(d)(1)(B), struck out "of the military department" after "Secretary" in pars. (3) and (6) and after "from the Secretary" in par. (4).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 110–181, §1063(c)(13), amended Pub. L. 109–364, §2831. See 2006 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (e)(1)(A). Pub. L. 110–417, §2812(d)(2)(A), in introductory provisions, substituted "Secretary concerned" for "Secretary of a military department" and "that Secretary" for "such military department" and, in cl. (iii), substituted "of that Secretary" for "of that military department".

Subsec. (e)(1)(B)(i). Pub. L. 110–417, §2812(d)(2)(B), substituted "Secretary concerned" for "Secretary of a military department".

Subsec. (e)(1)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 110–181, §2823(d)(1), substituted "paragraph (3), (4), or (5)" for "paragraph (4), (5), or (6)".

Subsec. (e)(1)(C). Pub. L. 110–417, §2812(d)(2)(C), in introductory provisions, substituted "established for the Secretary concerned shall be available to the Secretary" for "of a military department pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall be available to the Secretary of that military department".

Subsec. (e)(1)(C)(ii) to (v). Pub. L. 110–181, §2823(b), realigned margins of cls. (ii) and (iii), added cls. (iv) and (v), and struck out former cl. (iv) which read as follows: "Facilities operation support."

Subsec. (e)(1)(D). Pub. L. 110–417, §2812(d)(2)(D), substituted "established for the Secretary concerned" for "of a military department under subparagraph (A)" and inserted "or Defense Agency location" after "military installation".

Subsec. (e)(1)(E). Pub. L. 110–417, §2812(d)(2)(E), substituted "military installation or Defense Agency location" for "installation".

Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 110–417, §2812(d)(2)(F), substituted "control of the Secretary concerned" for "control of the Secretary of a military department".

Pub. L. 110–181, §2823(d)(2), redesignated par. (4) as (3).

Subsec. (e)(4) to (6). Pub. L. 110–181, §2823(d)(2), redesignated pars. (5) and (6) as (4) and (5), respectively.

Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 110–417, §2812(d)(3), which directed amendment of par. (1) by substituting "Secretary concerned" for "Secretary of a military department", could not be executed because the phrase "Secretary of a military department" did not appear in text.

Subsec. (h)(1). Pub. L. 110–181, §2823(c)(1), substituted "exceeds one year, or the fair market value of the lease" for "exceeds one year, and the fair market value of the lease".

Subsec. (h)(2) to (4). Pub. L. 110–181, §2823(c)(2), (3), added pars. (2) and (3), redesignated former par. (3) as (4), and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: "Not later than 45 days before entering into a lease described in paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned shall submit to Congress written notice describing the terms of the proposed lease and the competitive procedures used to select the lessee."

Subsec. (h)(5). Pub. L. 110–417, §2831, added par. (5).

Subsec. (i)(4). Pub. L. 110–417, §2812(a)(2), added par. (4).

2006—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–364, §662(d)(1), inserted heading.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–364, §662(d)(2), inserted heading.

Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 109–364, §662(a), added par. (6).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–364, §662(d)(3), inserted heading.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109–364, §662(b), added subsec. (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 109–364, §2831, as amended by Pub. L. 110–181, §1063(c)(13), substituted "paragraph (4), (5), or (6)" for "paragraph (4) or (5)" in par. (1)(B)(ii), inserted "at a military installation approved for closure or realignment under a base closure law before January 1, 2005," after "lease under subsection (f)" in par. (5), and added par. (6) at the end.

Pub. L. 109–364, §662(d)(4), inserted heading and substituted "(g)" for "(f)" in par. (5).

Pub. L. 109–364, §662(b)(1), redesignated subsec. (d) as (e). Former subsec. (e) redesignated (f).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 109–364, §662(b)(1), (d)(5), redesignated subsec. (e) as (f) and inserted heading. Former subsec. (f) redesignated (g).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 109–364, §662(b)(1), (d)(6), redesignated subsec. (f) as (g), inserted heading, and substituted "(a)(2)" for "(a)(3)" in par. (1). Former subsec. (g) redesignated (h).

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 109–364, §662(b)(1), (d)(7), redesignated subsec. (g) as (h) and inserted heading. Former subsec. (h) redesignated (i).

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 109–364, §662(b)(1), (c), redesignated subsec. (h) as (i), inserted heading, and amended text of subsec. (i) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (i) read as follows: "In this section, the term 'military installation' has the meaning given such term in section 2687(e)(1) of this title." Former subsec. (i) redesignated (j).

Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 109–364, §662(b)(1), (d)(8), redesignated subsec. (i) as (j) and inserted heading.

2003—Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 108–178 struck out comma after "of title 40".

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 108–136 redesignated introductory provisions and par. (3) as entire subsec., substituted "section," for "section:" and "this term" for "The term", struck out par. (1) which defined "congressional defense committees" to mean the Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and House of Representatives, and struck out par. (2) which defined "base closure law" to mean section 2687 of this title, the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Pub. L. 101–510), and title II of the Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act (Pub. L. 100–526).

2002—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 107–217, §3(b)(12)(A), substituted "section 102 of title 40" for "section 3 of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 472)".

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 107–217, §3(b)(12)(B), substituted "section 1302 of title 40" for "section 321 of the Act of June 30, 1932 (40 U.S.C. 303b)".

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 107–314 struck out par. (3) which read as follows: "Not later than March 15 each year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report which shall include—

"(A) an accounting of the receipt and use of all money rentals that were deposited and expended under this subsection during the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year in which the report is made; and

"(B) a detailed explanation of each lease entered into, and of each amendment made to existing leases, during such preceding fiscal year."

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 107–217, §3(b)(12)(C), inserted "subtitle I of title 40 and title III of" before "the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949" and substituted "subtitle I and title III are" for "such Act is".

2001—Subsec. (g)(3). Pub. L. 107–107 added par. (3).

2000—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(a)], inserted "and" at end of par. (1), redesignated par. (3) as (2), and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: "not for the time needed for public use; and".

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(b)(1)], substituted "alteration, repair, or improvement," for "improvement, maintenance, protection, repair, or restoration," and struck out ", or of the entire unit or installation where a substantial part of it is leased," after "of the property leased".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(b)(3)], added subsec. (c). Former subsec. (c) redesignated (i).

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(c)], amended par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (1) read as follows:

"(1)(A) All money rentals received pursuant to leases entered into by the Secretary of a military department under this section shall be deposited in a special account in the Treasury established for such military department, except—

"(i) amounts paid for utilities and services furnished lessees by the Secretary; and

"(ii) money rentals referred to in paragraph (4) or (5).

"(B) Sums deposited in a military department's special account pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall be available to such military department, as provided in appropriation Acts, as follows:

"(i) 50 percent of such amount shall be available for facility maintenance and repair or environmental restoration at the military installation where the leased property is located.

"(ii) 50 percent of such amount shall be available for facility maintenance and repair and for environmental restoration by the military department concerned."

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(d)(1)], substituted "Not later than March 15 each year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report which" for "As part of the request for authorizations of appropriations submitted to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives for each fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (d)(3)(A). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(d)(2)], substituted "report" for "request".

Subsec. (f)(4), (5). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(b)(4)], redesignated par. (5) as (4) and struck out former par. (4) which read as follows: "The Secretary concerned may accept under subsection (b)(5) services of a lessee for an entire installation to be closed or realigned under a base closure law, or for any part of such installation, without regard to the requirement in subsection (b)(5) that a substantial part of the installation be leased."

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(e)], amended subsec. (h) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (h) read as follows: "In this section, the term 'base closure law' means each of the following:

"(1) The Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

"(2) Title II of the Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act (Public Law 100–526; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

"(3) Section 2687 of this title."

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(b)(2)], redesignated subsec. (c) as (i).

1999—Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 106–65 substituted "and the Committee on Armed Services" for "and the Committee on National Security" in introductory provisions.

1998—Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 105–261 inserted "or the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (to the extent such Act is inconsistent with this subsection)".

1997Pub. L. 105–85, §1061(c)(1), inserted "of military departments" after "property" in section catchline.

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 105–85, §1061(a), struck out ", in the case of the lease of real property," after "shall provide".

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 105–85, §361(b)(2), inserted "or working capital fund" before "from which".

Subsecs. (g), (h). Pub. L. 105–85, §1061(b), added subsec. (g) and redesignated former subsec. (g) as (h).

1996—Subsec. (d)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 104–106, §2831(a)(1), inserted "or (5)" after "paragraph (4)".

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 104–106, §1502(a)(1), substituted "Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives" for "Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives".

Subsec. (d)(5). Pub. L. 104–106, §2831(a)(2), added par. (5).

Subsec. (f)(4). Pub. L. 104–106, §2832, added par. (4).

Subsec. (f)(5). Pub. L. 104–106, §2833, added par. (5).

1993—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 103–160, §2906(a), amended subsec. (f) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (f) read as follows: "Notwithstanding clause (3) of subsection (a), real property and associated personal property, which have been determined excess as the result of a defense installation realignment or closure, may be leased to State or local governments pending final disposition of such property if—

"(1) the Secretary concerned determines that such action would facilitate State or local economic adjustment efforts, and

"(2) the Administrator of General Services concurs in the action."

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 103–160, §2906(b), added subsec. (g).

1992—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 102–484 inserted ", in the case of the lease of real property," after "shall provide".

1991—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 102–190, §2862(a)(1), substituted "shall permit" for "must permit" and struck out "and" at end.

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 102–190, §2862(a)(2), (3), added par. (4) and redesignated former par. (4) as (5).

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 102–190, §2862(a)(2), (4), redesignated par. (4) as (5) and inserted "improvement," before "maintenance" and "the payment of" before "part or all".

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 102–190, §2862(b), redesignated subpar. (B) as par. (3), substituted "As part of the request for authorizations of appropriations submitted to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives for each fiscal year" for "As part of the request for authorizations of appropriations to such Committees for each fiscal year after fiscal year 1992", redesignated cls. (i) and (ii) as subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, and struck out former subpar. (A) which read as follows: "As part of the request for authorizations of appropriations for fiscal year 1992 to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and of the House of Representatives, the Secretary of Defense shall include an explanation of each lease from which money rentals will be received and deposited under this subsection during fiscal year 1991, together with an estimate of the amount to be received from each such lease and an explanation of the anticipated expenditures of such receipts."

1990—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–510 added pars. (1) to (3), redesignated former par. (2) as (4), and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: "Except as provided in paragraph (2), money rentals received by the United States directly from a lease under this section shall be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts. Payments for utilities or services furnished to the lessee under such a lease by the department concerned may be covered into the Treasury to the credit of the appropriation from which the cost of furnishing them was paid."

1982—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 97–295 substituted "of" for "entitled 'An Act making appropriations for the Legislative Branch of the Government for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1933, and for other purposes', approved" after "section 321 of the Act".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97–321 designated existing provisions as par. (1), substituted "Except as provided in paragraph (2), money" for "Money", and added par. (2).

1980—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 96–513, §511(92)(A), substituted "section 3 of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 472)" for "section 472 of title 40".

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 96–513, §511(92)(B), substituted "section 321 of the Act entitled 'An act making appropriations for the Legislative Branch of the Government for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1933, and for other purposes', approved June 30, 1932 (40 U.S.C. 303b)," for "section 303b of title 40".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 96–513, §511(92)(C), substituted "Act" for "act".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 96–513, §511(92)(D), substituted "the Secretary" for "The Secretary", and substituted "the Administrator of General Services" for "The Administrator of the General Services Administration".

1976—Subsec. (b)(4), (5). Pub. L. 94–412 struck out par. (4) which required leases of nonexcess property of a military department include a provision making the lease revocable during a national emergency declared by the President, and redesignated par. (5) as (4).

1975—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 94–107 added subsec. (f).

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title X, §1063(c), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 322, provided that the amendment made by section 1063(c)(13) is effective as of Oct. 17, 2006, and as if included in the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007, Pub. L. 109–364, as enacted.

Effective Date of 2003 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–178 effective Aug. 21, 2002, see section 5 of Pub. L. 108–178, set out as a note under section 5334 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–513 effective Dec. 12, 1980, see section 701(b)(3) of Pub. L. 96–513, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.

Savings Provision

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–412 not to affect any action taken or proceeding pending at the time of amendment, see section 501(h) of Pub. L. 94–412, set out as a note under section 1601 of Title 50, War and National Defense.

Temporary Installation Reutilization Authority for Arsenals, Depots, and Plants

Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title III, §345, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1363, provided that:

"(a) Modified Authority.—In the case of a military manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant, the Secretary of the Army may authorize up to 10 leases and contracts per fiscal year under section 2667 of title 10, United States Code, for a term of up to 25 years, notwithstanding subsection (b)(1) of such section, if the Secretary determines that a lease or contract of that duration will promote the national defense for the purpose of—

"(1) helping to maintain the viability of the military manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant and any military installations on which it is located;

"(2) eliminating, or at least reducing, the cost of Government ownership of the military manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant, including the costs of operations and maintenance, the costs of environmental remediation, and other costs; and

"(3) leveraging private investment at the military manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant through long-term facility use contracts, property management contracts, leases, or other agreements that support and advance the preceding purposes.

"(b) Delegation and Review Process.—

"(1) In general.—The Secretary of the Army may delegate the authority provided by this section to the commander of the major subordinate command of the Army that has responsibility for the military manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant or, if part of a larger military installation, the installation as a whole. The commander may approve a lease or contract under such authority on a case-by-case basis or a class basis.

"(2) Notice of approval.—Upon any approval of a lease or contract by a commander pursuant to a delegation of authority under paragraph (1), the commander shall notify the Chief of the Army Corps of Engineers and Congress of the approval.

"(3) Review period.—Any lease or contract that is approved utilizing the delegation authority under paragraph (1) is subject to a 90-day hold period so that the Chief of the Army Corps of Engineers may review the lease or contract pursuant to paragraph (4).

"(4) Disposition of review.—If the Chief of the Army Corps of Engineers disapproves of a contract or lease submitted for review under paragraph (3), the agreement shall be null and void upon transmittal by the Chief of the Army Corps of Engineers to the delegating authority of a written disapproval, including a justification for such disapproval, within the 90-day hold period. If no such disapproval is transmitted within the 90-day hold period, the agreement shall be deemed approved.

"(5) Approval of revised agreement.—If, not later than 60 days after receiving a disapproval under paragraph (4), the delegating authority submits to the Chief of the Army Corps of Engineers a new contract or lease that addresses the concerns of the Chief of the Army Corps of Engineers outlined in such disapproval, the new contract or lease shall be deemed approved unless the Chief of the Army Corps of Engineers transmits to the delegating authority a disapproval of the new contract or lease within 30 days of such submission.

"(c) Military Manufacturing Arsenal, Depot, or Plant Defined.—In this section, the term 'military manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant' means a Government-owned, Government-operated defense plant of the Army that manufactures weapons, weapon components, or both.

"(d) Sunset.—The authority under this section shall terminate at the close of September 30, 2020. Any contracts entered into on or before such date shall continue in effect according to their terms."

Transfers From Special Accounts

Pub. L. 108–287, title VIII, §8034, Aug. 5, 2004, 118 Stat. 978, provided that: "Amounts deposited during the current fiscal year and hereafter to the special account established under 40 U.S.C. 572(b)(5)(A) and to the special account established under 10 U.S.C. 2667(d)(1) [now 2667(e)(1)] are appropriated and shall be available until transferred by the Secretary of Defense to current applicable appropriations or funds of the Department of Defense under the terms and conditions specified by 40 U.S.C. 572(b)(5)(B) and 10 U.S.C. 2667(d)(1)(B) [now 2667(e)(1)(B)], to be merged with and to be available for the same time period and the same purposes as the appropriation to which transferred."

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 108–87, title VIII, §8035, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1080.

Pub. L. 107–248, title VIII, §8035, Oct. 23, 2002, 116 Stat. 1544.

Pub. L. 107–117, div. A, title VIII, §8038, Jan. 10, 2002, 115 Stat. 2255.

Pub. L. 106–259, title VIII, §8038, Aug. 9, 2000, 114 Stat. 682.

Pub. L. 106–79, title VIII, §8040, Oct. 25, 1999, 113 Stat. 1239.

Pub. L. 105–262, title VIII, §8040, Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2306.

Pub. L. 105–56, title VIII, §8044, Oct. 8, 1997, 111 Stat. 1230.

Pub. L. 104–61, title VIII, §8056, Dec. 1, 1995, 109 Stat. 663.

Pub. L. 103–335, title VIII, §8063, Sept. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 2634.

Pub. L. 103–139, title VIII, §8074, Nov. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 1457.

Pub. L. 102–396, title IX, §9107, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1927.

Leasing of Defense Property; Notification of Congress; Waiver; Report to Congress; Definition

Pub. L. 96–533, title I, §109(a)–(e), Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3137, provided that before the Secretary of a military department exercised his authority under section 2667 of title 10, United States Code, in order to lease defense property to a foreign government for a period of more than six months, the President had to transmit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, a written notification of the particulars of the proposed lease, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–113, title I, §109(d)(1), Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1526. See section 2795 et seq. of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.

[§2667a. Repealed. Pub. L. 110–417, div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(e)(1), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4727]

Section, added Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title X, §1062(a), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1891; amended Pub. L. 107–217, §3(b)(13), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1296; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1031(a)(28), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1599, related to leases of non-excess property of Defense agencies.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2667a, added Pub. L. 98–115, title VIII, §807(a)(1), Oct. 11, 1983, 97 Stat. 786, provided for sale and replacement of nonexcess real property, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 98–115, title VIII, §807(c), Oct. 11, 1983, 97 Stat. 789, as amended by Pub. L. 99–167, title VIII, §806(a), Dec. 3, 1985, 99 Stat. 988, effective Oct. 1, 1986.

Savings Provision

Pub. L. 110–417, div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(e)(2), (3), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4727, provided that:

"(2) Effect on existing contracts.—The repeal of section 2667a of title 10, United States Code, shall not affect the validity or terms of any lease with respect to property of a Defense Agency entered into by the Secretary of Defense under such section before the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 14, 2008].

"(3) Treatment of money rents.—Amounts in any special account established for a Defense Agency pursuant to subsection (d) of section 2667a of title 10, United States Code, before repeal of such section by paragraph (1), and amounts that would be deposited in such an account in connection with a lease referred to in paragraph (2), shall—

"(A) remain available until expended for the purposes specified in such subsection, notwithstanding the repeal of such section by paragraph (1); or

"(B) to the extent provided in appropriations Acts, be transferred to the special account required for the Secretary of Defense by subsection (e) of section 2667 of such title, as amended by subsection (d)(2) of this section."

§2668. Easements for rights-of-way

(a) Authorized Types of Easements.—If the Secretary of a military department finds that it will not be against the public interest, the Secretary may grant, upon such terms as the Secretary considers advisable, easements for rights-of-way over, in, and upon public lands permanently withdrawn or reserved for the use of that department, and other lands under the Secretary's control for—

(1) railroad tracks;

(2) gas, water, sewer, and oil pipe lines;

(3) substations for electric power transmission lines and pumping stations for gas, water, sewer, and oil pipe lines;

(4) canals;

(5) ditches;

(6) flumes;

(7) tunnels;

(8) dams and reservoirs in connection with fish and wildlife programs, fish hatcheries, and other improvements relating to fish-culture;

(9) roads and streets;

(10) poles and lines for the transmission or distribution of electric power;

(11) poles and lines for the transmission or distribution of communications signals (including telephone and telegraph signals);

(12) structures and facilities for the transmission, reception, and relay of such signals; and

(13) any other purpose that the Secretary considers advisable.


(b) Limitation on Size of Easement.—No easement granted under this section may include more land than is necessary for the easement.

(c) Termination.—The Secretary of the military department concerned may terminate all or part of any easement granted under this section for—

(1) failure to comply with the terms of the grant;

(2) nonuse for a two-year period; or

(3) abandonment.


(d) Notice to Department of the Interior.—Copies of instruments granting easements over public lands under this section shall be furnished to the Secretary of the Interior.

(e) Disposition of Consideration.—Subsections (c) and (e) of section 2667 of this title shall apply with respect to in-kind consideration and proceeds received by the Secretary of a military department in connection with an easement granted under this section in the same manner as such subsections apply to in-kind consideration and money rentals received pursuant to leases entered into by that Secretary under such section.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 150; Pub. L. 98–525, title XIV, §1405(38), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2624; Pub. L. 104–201, div. B, title XXVIII, §2861, Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2804; Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(f)(1)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-418; Pub. L. 108–136, div. B, title XXVIII, §2813(a), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1725; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title X, §1057(a)(3), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3440; Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §2822(a), (b), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2474, 2475; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title X, §1063(a)(14), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 322.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
2668(a)

 

 

 

2668(b)

43:931b (less 2d and 3d provisos of 1st sentence, and less last sentence).

43:931b (2d proviso of 1st sentence).

July 24, 1946, ch. 596, §7, 60 Stat. 643; Oct. 25, 1951, ch. 563, §101 (31st through 43d words), 65 Stat. 641.
2668(c) 43:931b (3d proviso of 1st sentence).
2668(d) 43:931b (last sentence) [43:931b is made applicable to the Navy by 50:171–1 (16th through 21st words)].

In subsection (a), the word "conditions" is omitted as covered by the word "terms". The description of the persons covered in the opening paragraph and the lands covered in clauses (1)–(10) is restated to reflect an opinion of the Judge Advocate General of the Army (JAGR 1952/3179, 27 Mar. 1952). The exceptions to clause (10) make express the fact that the revised section does not cover certain easements authorized by earlier law. The word "over" includes the word "across". The words "of the United States", "and empowered", "acquired lands", "jurisdiction and", and "municipality" are omitted as surplusage. The word "Commonwealth" is inserted to reflect the present status of Puerto Rico.

In subsection (b), the words "for the easement" are substituted for the words "for the purpose for which granted".

In subsections (b) and (c), the word "easement" is substituted for the word "rights-of-way".

In subsection (c), the word "terminate" is substituted for the words "annulled and forfeited". The words "and conditions" are omitted as covered by the word "terms". The words "two-year period" are substituted for the words "a period of two consecutive years". The words "of rights granted under authority hereof" are omitted as surplusage.

Amendments

2008—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 110–181 substituted "and (e)" for "and (d)".

2006—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–364, §2822(a)(1), (b)(1), inserted heading and, in introductory provisions, substituted "the Secretary may" for "he may", "the Secretary considers" for "he considers", and "the Secretary's control" for "his control, to a State, Commonwealth, or possession, or political subdivision thereof, or to a citizen, association, partnership, or corporation of a State, Commonwealth, or possession,".

Pub. L. 109–163 struck out "Territory," after "a State," in two places in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 109–364, §2822(a)(2), substituted "gas, water, sewer, and oil pipe lines" for "oil pipe lines".

Subsec. (a)(13). Pub. L. 109–364, §2822(a)(3), substituted "the Secretary considers advisable" for "he considers advisable, except a purpose covered by section 2669 of this title".

Subsecs. (b) to (e). Pub. L. 109–364, §2822(b)(2)–(5), inserted subsec. headings.

2003—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 108–136 substituted "Subsections (c) and (d)" for "Subsection (d)" and "subsections apply to in-kind consideration and" for "subsection applies to" and inserted "in-kind consideration and" before "proceeds".

2000—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 106–398 added subsec. (e).

1996—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 104–201, §2861(b)(1), struck out ", telephone lines, and telegraph lines," after "transmission lines".

Subsec. (a)(9). Pub. L. 104–201, §2861(a)(1), struck out "and" at end.

Subsec. (a)(10) to (12). Pub. L. 104–201, §2861(a)(3), added pars. (10) to (12). Former par. (10) redesignated (13).

Subsec. (a)(13). Pub. L. 104–201, §2861(a)(2), (b)(2), redesignated par. (10) as (13) and struck out "or by the Act of March 4, 1911 (43 U.S.C. 961)" after "2669 of this title".

1984—Subsec. (a)(10). Pub. L. 98–525 substituted "the Act of March 4, 1911 (43 U.S.C. 961)" for "section 961 of title 43".

§2668a. Easements: granting restrictive easements in connection with land conveyances

(a) Authority to Include Restrictive Easement.—In connection with the conveyance of real property by the Secretary concerned under any provision of law, the Secretary concerned may grant an easement to an entity specified in subsection (b) restricting future uses of the conveyed real property for a conservation purpose consistent with section 170(h)(4)(A)(iv) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 170(h)(4)(A)(iv)).

(b) Authorized Recipients.—An easement under subsection (a) may be granted only to—

(1) a State or local government; or

(2) a qualified organization, as that term is defined in section 170(h) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 170(h)).


(c) Limitations on Use of Easement Authority.—An easement under subsection (a) may not be granted unless—

(1) the proposed recipient of the easement consents to the receipt of the easement;

(2) the Secretary concerned determines that the easement is in the public interest and the conservation purpose to be promoted by the easement cannot be effectively achieved through the application of State law by the State or a local government without the grant of restrictive easements;

(3) the jurisdiction that encompasses the property to be subject to the easement authorizes the grant of restrictive easements; and

(4) the Secretary can give or assign to a third party the responsibility for monitoring and enforcing easements granted under this section.


(d) Consideration.—Easements granted under this section shall be without consideration from the recipient.

(e) Acreage Limitation.—No easement granted under this section may include more land than is necessary for the easement.

(f) Terms and Conditions.—The grant of an easement under this section shall be subject to such additional terms and conditions as the Secretary concerned considers appropriate to protect the interests of the United States.

(Added Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §2823(a), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2475.)

[§2669. Repealed. Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §2822(c), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2475]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 151; Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [div. B, title XXVIII, §2812(f)(2)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-418; Pub. L. 108–136, div. B, title XXVIII, §2813(b), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1725; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title X, §1057(a)(3), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3440, related to easements for gas, water, and sewer pipe lines.

§2670. Use of facilities by private organizations; use as polling places

(a) Use by Red Cross.—Under such conditions as he may prescribe, the Secretary of any military department may issue a revocable license to the American National Red Cross to—

(1) erect and maintain, on any military installation under his jurisdiction, buildings for the storage of supplies; or

(2) use, for the storage of supplies, buildings erected by the United States.


Supplies stored in buildings erected or used under this subsection are available to aid the civilian population in a serious national disaster.

(b) Use of Certain Facilities as Polling Places.—(1) Notwithstanding chapter 29 of title 18 (including sections 592 and 593 of such title) or any other provision of law, the Secretary of Defense or Secretary of a military department may not (except as provided in paragraph (3)) prohibit the designation or use of a qualifying facility under the jurisdiction of the Secretary as an official polling place for local, State, or Federal elections.

(2) A Department of Defense facility is a qualifying facility for purposes of this subsection if as of December 31, 2000—

(A) the facility is designated as an official polling place by a State or local election official; or

(B) the facility has been used as such an official polling place since January 1, 1996.


(3) The limitation in paragraph (1) may be waived by the Secretary of Defense or Secretary of the military department concerned with respect to a particular Department of Defense facility if the Secretary of Defense or Secretary concerned determines that local security conditions require prohibition of the designation or use of that facility as an official polling place for any election.

(c) Use of Space and Equipment by Veterans Service Organizations.—(1) Upon certification to the Secretary concerned by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, the Secretary concerned shall allow accredited, paid, full-time representatives of the organizations named in section 5902 of title 38, or of other organizations recognized by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, to function on military installations under the jurisdiction of the Secretary concerned that are on land and from which persons are discharged or released from active duty.

(2) The commanding officer of a military installation allowing representatives to function on the installation under paragraph (1) shall allow the representatives to use available space and equipment at the installation.

(3) This subsection does not authorize the violation of measures of military security.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 151; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title XVI, §1607(a)–(b)(2), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1279, 1280; Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(c)(1), (e)(2), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2129, 2130.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
2670 36:12. June 3, 1916, ch. 134, §127a (5th par.); added June 4, 1920, ch. 227, subch. I, §51 (5th par.); restated July 17, 1953, ch. 222, §3, 67 Stat. 178.

The word "issue" is substituted for the words "grant permission". The word "use" is substituted for the words "occupy for that purpose".

Amendments

2004Pub. L. 108–375, §2821(e)(2), substituted "Use of facilities by private organizations; use as polling places" for "Military installations: use by American National Red Cross; use as polling places" in section catchline.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–375, §2821(c)(1), added subsec. (c).

2001Pub. L. 107–107 substituted "Military installations: use by American National Red Cross; use as polling places" for "Licenses: military installations; erection and use of buildings; American National Red Cross" in section catchline, designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, substituted "this subsection" for "this section" in concluding provisions, and added subsec. (b).

Regulations

Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(c)(3), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2129, provided that: "The regulations prescribed to carry out [former] section 2679 of title 10, United States Code, as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 28, 2004], shall remain in effect with regard to section 2670(c) of such title, as added by paragraph (1), until changed by joint action of the Secretary concerned (as defined in section 101(9) of such title) and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs."

§2671. Military reservations and facilities: hunting, fishing, and trapping

(a) General Requirements for Hunting, Fishing, and Trapping.—The Secretary of Defense shall, with respect to each military installation or facility under the jurisdiction of any military department in a State—

(1) require that all hunting, fishing, and trapping at that installation or facility be in accordance with the fish and game laws of the State in which it is located;

(2) require that an appropriate license for hunting, fishing, or trapping on that installation or facility be obtained, except that with respect to members of the armed forces, such a license may be required only if the State authorizes the issuance of a license to a member on active duty for a period of more than thirty days at an installation or facility within that State, without regard to residence requirements, and upon terms otherwise not less favorable than the terms upon which such a license is issued to residents of that State; and

(3) develop, subject to safety requirements and military security, and in cooperation with the Governor (or his designee) of the State in which the installation or facility is located, procedures under which designated fish and game or conservation officials of that State may, at such time and under such conditions as may be agreed upon, have full access to that installation or facility to effect measures for the management, conservation, and harvesting of fish and game resources.


(b) Waiver Authority.—(1) The Secretary of Defense may waive or otherwise modify the fish and game laws of a State otherwise applicable under subsection (a)(1) to hunting, fishing, or trapping at a military installation or facility if the Secretary determines that the application of such laws to such hunting, fishing, or trapping without modification could result in undesirable consequences for public health or safety at the installation or facility. The authority to waive such laws includes the authority to extend, but not reduce, the specified season for certain hunting, fishing, or trapping. The Secretary may not waive the requirements under subsection (a)(2) regarding a license for such hunting, fishing, or trapping or any fee imposed by a State to obtain such a license.

(2) If the Secretary determines that a waiver of fish and game laws of a State is appropriate under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide written notification to the appropriate State officials stating the reasons for, and extent of, the waiver. The notification shall be provided at least 30 days before implementation of the waiver.

(c) Violations.—Whoever is guilty of an act or omission which violates a requirement prescribed under subsection (a)(1) or (2), which act or omission would be punishable if committed or omitted within the jurisdiction of the State in which the installation or facility is located, by the laws thereof in effect at the time of that act or omission, is guilty of a like offense and is subject to a like punishment.

(d) Relation to Treaty Rights.—This section does not modify any rights granted by the treaty or otherwise to any Indian tribe or to the members thereof.

(e) Regulations.—The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section.

(Added Pub. L. 85–337, §4(1), Feb. 28, 1958, 72 Stat. 29; amended Pub. L. 107–107, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811, Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1307; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title X, §1057(a)(2), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3440; Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title X, §1075(b)(42), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4371.)

Amendments

2011—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 111–383 substituted "armed forces" for "Armed Forces".

2006—Subsecs. (a) to (c). Pub. L. 109–163 struck out "or Territory" after "State" wherever appearing.

2001—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–107, §2811(b)(1), inserted heading.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107–107, §2811(a)(2), added subsec. (b). Former subsec. (b) redesignated (e).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107–107, §2811(b)(2), inserted heading.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107–107, §2811(b)(3), inserted heading.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 107–107, §2811(a)(1), redesignated subsec. (b) as (e), inserted heading, and transferred subsec. to end of section.

Increased Hunting and Fishing Opportunities for Members of the Armed Forces, Retired Members, and Disabled Veterans

Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title X, §1077(a), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2406, provided that: "Consistent with section 2671 of title 10, United States Code, and using such funds as are made available for this purpose, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that members of the Armed Forces, retired members, disabled veterans, and persons assisting disabled veterans are able to utilize lands under the jurisdiction of the Department of Defense that are available for hunting or fishing."

§2672. Protection of buildings, grounds, property, and persons

(a) Secretary of Defense Responsibility.—The Secretary of Defense shall protect the buildings, grounds, and property that are under the jurisdiction, custody, or control of the Department of Defense and the persons on that property.

(b) Designation of Officers and Agents.—(1) The Secretary of Defense may designate military or civilian personnel of the Department of Defense as officers and agents to perform the functions of the Secretary under subsection (a), including, with regard to civilian officers and agents, duty in areas outside the property specified in that subsection to the extent necessary to protect that property and persons on that property.

(2) A designation under paragraph (1) may be made by individual, by position, by installation, or by such other category of personnel as the Secretary determines appropriate.

(3) In making a designation under paragraph (1) with respect to any category of personnel, the Secretary shall specify each of the following:

(A) The personnel or positions to be included in the category.

(B) The authorities provided for in subsection (c) that may be exercised by personnel in that category.

(C) In the case of civilian personnel in that category—

(i) the authorities provided for in subsection (c), if any, that are authorized to be exercised outside the property specified in subsection (a); and

(ii) with respect to the exercise of any such authorities outside the property specified in subsection (a), the circumstances under which coordination with law enforcement officials outside of the Department of Defense should be sought in advance.


(4) The Secretary may make a designation under paragraph (1) only if the Secretary determines, with respect to the category of personnel to be covered by that designation, that—

(A) the exercise of each specific authority provided for in subsection (c) to be delegated to that category of personnel is necessary for the performance of the duties of the personnel in that category and such duties cannot be performed as effectively without such authorities; and

(B) the necessary and proper training for the authorities to be exercised is available to the personnel in that category.


(c) Authorized Activities.—Subject to subsection (i) and to the extent specifically authorized by the Secretary of Defense, while engaged in the performance of official duties pursuant to this section, an officer or agent designated under subsection (b) may—

(1) enforce Federal laws and regulations for the protection of persons and property;

(2) carry firearms;

(3) make arrests—

(A) without a warrant for any offense against the United States committed in the presence of the officer or agent; or

(B) for any felony cognizable under the laws of the United States if the officer or agent has reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be arrested has committed or is committing a felony;


(4) serve warrants and subpoenas issued under the authority of the United States; and

(5) conduct investigations, on and off the property in question, of offenses that may have been committed against property under the jurisdiction, custody, or control of the Department of Defense or persons on such property.


(d) Regulations.—(1) The Secretary of Defense may prescribe regulations, including traffic regulations, necessary for the protection and administration of property under the jurisdiction, custody, or control of the Department of Defense and persons on that property. The regulations may include reasonable penalties, within the limits prescribed in paragraph (2), for violations of the regulations. The regulations shall be posted and remain posted in a conspicuous place on the property to which they apply.

(2) A person violating a regulation prescribed under this subsection shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned for not more than 30 days, or both.

(e) Limitation on Delegation of Authority.—The authority of the Secretary of Defense under subsections (b), (c), and (d) may be exercised only by the Secretary or the Deputy Secretary of Defense.

(f) Disposition of Persons Arrested.—A person who is arrested pursuant to authority exercised under subsection (b) may not be held in a military confinement facility, other than in the case of a person who is subject to chapter 47 of this title (the Uniform Code of Military Justice).

(g) Facilities and Services of Other Agencies.—In implementing this section, when the Secretary of Defense determines it to be economical and in the public interest, the Secretary may utilize the facilities and services of Federal, State, Indian tribal, and local law enforcement agencies, with the consent of those agencies, and may reimburse those agencies for the use of their facilities and services. Such services of State, Indian tribal, and local law enforcement, including application of their powers of law enforcement, may be provided notwithstanding that the property is subject to the legislative jurisdiction of the United States.

(h) Authority Outside Federal Property.—For the protection of property under the jurisdiction, custody, or control of the Department of Defense and persons on that property, the Secretary of Defense may enter into agreements with Federal agencies and with State, Indian tribal, and local governments to obtain authority for civilian officers and agents designated under this section to enforce Federal laws and State, Indian tribal, and local laws concurrently with other Federal law enforcement officers and with State, Indian tribal, and local law enforcement officers.

(i) Attorney General Approval.—The powers granted pursuant to subsection (c) to officers and agents designated under subsection (b) shall be exercised in accordance with guidelines approved by the Attorney General. Such guidelines may include specification of the geographical extent of property outside of the property specified in subsection (a) within which those powers may be exercised.

(j) Limitation With Regard to Other Federal Agencies.—Nothing in this section shall be construed as affecting the authority of the Secretary of Homeland Security to provide for the protection of facilities (including the buildings, grounds, and properties of the General Services Administration) that are under the jurisdiction, custody, or control, in whole or in part, of a Federal agency other than the Department of Defense and that are located off of a military installation.

(k) Cooperation With Local Law Enforcement Agencies.—Before authorizing civilian officers and agents to perform duty in areas outside the property specified in subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall consult with, and is encouraged to enter into agreements with, local law enforcement agencies exercising jurisdiction over such areas for the purposes of avoiding conflicts of jurisdiction, promoting notification of planned law enforcement actions, and otherwise facilitating productive working relationships.

(l) Limitation on Statutory Construction.—Nothing in this section shall be construed—

(1) to preclude or limit the authority of any Federal law enforcement agency;

(2) to restrict the authority of the Secretary of Homeland Security under the Homeland Security Act of 2002 or of the Administrator of General Services, including the authority to promulgate regulations affecting property under the custody and control of that Secretary or the Administrator, respectively;

(3) to expand or limit section 21 of the Internal Security Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 797);

(4) to affect chapter 47 of this title;

(5) to restrict any other authority of the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of a military department; or

(6) to restrict the authority of the Director of the National Security Agency under section 11 of the National Security Agency Act of 1959 (50 U.S.C. 3609).

(Added Pub. L. 114–92, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(a), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1172.)

References in Text

The Homeland Security Act of 2002, referred to in subsec. (l)(2), is Pub. L. 107–296, Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2135, which is classified principally to chapter 1 (§101 et seq.) of Title 6, Domestic Security. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 101 of Title 6 and Tables.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2672, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(51), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1459; amended Pub. L. 87–651, title I, §112(a), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 511; Pub. L. 92–145, title VII, §707(2), (3), Oct. 27, 1971, 85 Stat. 411; Pub. L. 96–418, title VIII, §806(a), Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1777; Pub. L. 99–167, title VIII, §810(a), (b)(1), Dec. 3, 1985, 99 Stat. 989, 990; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title XIII, §1343(a)(16), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3993; Pub. L. 100–456, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804, Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2115; Pub. L. 105–85, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(a), (b)(1), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1991; Pub. L. 108–136, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(a)–(b)(2), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1724, 1725; Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(d)(1), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2130; Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(a)(2), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3511, related to authority to acquire low-cost interests in land, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(f), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3513. See section 2663(c) of this title.

Establishment of Process by Which Members of the Armed Forces May Carry an Appropriate Firearm on a Military Installation

Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title V, §526, Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 813, provided that: "Not later than December 31, 2015, the Secretary of Defense, taking into consideration the views of senior leadership of military installations in the United States, shall establish and implement a process by which the commanders of military installations in the United States, or other military commanders designated by the Secretary of Defense for military reserve centers, Armed Services recruiting centers, and such other defense facilities as the Secretary may prescribe, may authorize a member of the Armed Forces who is assigned to duty at the installation, center or facility to carry an appropriate firearm on the installation, center, or facility if the commander determines that carrying such a firearm is necessary as a personal- or force-protection measure."

[§2672a. Repealed. Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(f), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3513]

Section, added Pub. L. 94–107, title VI, §607(8), Oct. 7, 1975, 89 Stat. 566; amended Pub. L. 98–525, title XIV, §1405(39), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2624; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1502(a)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 502; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, §1067(1), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 774; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1031(a)(29), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1599; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title X, §1084(d)(23), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2062; Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(a)(6), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3511, related to acquisition of interests in land when need is urgent. See section 2663(d) of this title.

[§2673. Repealed. Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(d)(2), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2130]

Section, added Pub. L. 100–370, §1(l)(1), July 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 849, related to availability of funds for acquisition of certain interests in land.

A prior section 2673, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(51), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1459, related to restoration or replacement of facilities damaged or destroyed, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–214, §7(1), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 173, eff. Oct. 1, 1982, and applicable to military construction projects, and to construction and acquisition of military family housing authorized before, on, or after such date. See section 2854 of this title.

§2674. Operation and control of Pentagon Reservation and defense facilities in National Capital Region

(a) Pentagon Reservation.—The Secretary of Defense has jurisdiction, custody, and control over, and responsibility for, the operation, maintenance, and management of the Pentagon Reservation.

(b) Law Enforcement Authorities and Personnel.—(1) The Secretary shall protect the buildings, grounds, and property located in the National Capital Region that are occupied by, or under the jurisdiction, custody, or control of, the Department of Defense, and the persons on that property.

(2) The Secretary may designate military or civilian personnel to perform law enforcement functions and military, civilian, or contract personnel to perform security functions for such buildings, grounds, property, and persons, including, with regard to civilian personnel designated under this section, duty in areas outside the property referred to in paragraph (1) to the extent necessary to protect that property and persons on that property. Subject to the authorization of the Secretary, any such military or civilian personnel so designated may exercise the authorities listed in paragraphs (1) through (5) of section 2672(c) of this title.

(3) The powers granted under paragraph (2) to military and civilian personnel designated under that paragraph shall be exercised in accordance with guidelines prescribed by the Secretary and approved by the Attorney General.

(4) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to—

(A) preclude or limit the authority of any Defense Criminal Investigative Organization or any other Federal law enforcement agency;

(B) restrict the authority of the Secretary of Homeland Security under the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101 et seq.) or the authority of the Administrator of General Services, including the authority to promulgate regulations affecting property under the custody and control of that Secretary or the Administrator, respectively;

(C) expand or limit section 21 of the Internal Security Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 797);

(D) affect chapter 47 of this title (the Uniform Code of Military Justice);

(E) restrict any other authority of the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of a military department; or

(F) restrict the authority of the Director of the National Security Agency under section 11 of the National Security Agency Act of 1959 (50 U.S.C. 3609).


(5) For positions for which the permanent duty station is the Pentagon Reservation, the Secretary, in his sole and exclusive discretion, may without regard to the pay provisions of title 5, fix the rates of basic pay for such positions occupied by civilian law enforcement and security personnel appointed under the authority of this section so as to place such personnel on a comparable basis with personnel of other similar Federal law enforcement and security organizations within the vicinity of the Pentagon Reservation, not to exceed the basic pay for personnel performing similar duties in the United States Secret Service Uniformed Division or the United States Park Police, whichever is greater.

(c) Regulations and Enforcement.—(1) The Secretary may prescribe such rules and regulations as the Secretary considers appropriate to ensure the safe, efficient, and secure operation of the Pentagon Reservation, including rules and regulations necessary to govern the operation and parking of motor vehicles on the Pentagon Reservation.

(2) Any person who violates a rule or regulation prescribed under this subsection is liable to the United States for a civil penalty of not more than $1,000.

(3) Any person who willfully violates any rule or regulation prescribed pursuant to this subsection commits a Class B misdemeanor.

(d) Authority To Charge for Provision of Certain Services and Facilities.— The Secretary of Defense may establish rates and collect charges for space, services, protection, maintenance, construction, repairs, alterations, or facilities provided at the Pentagon Reservation.

(e) Pentagon Reservation Maintenance Revolving Fund.—(1) There is established in the Treasury of the United States a revolving fund to be known as the Pentagon Reservation Maintenance Revolving Fund (hereafter in this section referred to as the "Fund"). There shall be deposited into the Fund funds collected by the Secretary for space and services and other items provided an organization or entity using any facility or land on the Pentagon Reservation pursuant to subsection (d).

(2) Subject to paragraphs (3) and (4), monies deposited into the Fund shall be available, without fiscal year limitation, for expenditure for real property management, operation, protection, construction, repair, alteration and related activities for the Pentagon Reservation.

(3) If the cost of a construction or alteration activity proposed to be financed in whole or in part using monies from the Fund will exceed the limitation specified in section 2805 of this title for a comparable unspecified minor military construction project, the activity shall be subject to authorization as provided by section 2802 of this title before monies from the Fund are obligated for the activity.

(4)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the authority of the Secretary to use monies from the Fund to support construction or alteration activities at the Pentagon Reservation expires on September 30, 2012.

(B) Notwithstanding the date specified in subparagraph (A), the Secretary may use monies from the Fund after that date to support construction or alteration activities at the Pentagon Reservation within the limits specified in section 2805 of this title.

(f) Definitions.— In this section:

(1) The term "Pentagon Reservation" means the Pentagon, the Mark Center Campus, and the Raven Rock Mountain Complex.

(2) The term "National Capital Region" means the geographic area located within the boundaries of (A) the District of Columbia, (B) Montgomery and Prince Georges Counties in the State of Maryland, (C) Arlington, Fairfax, Loudoun, and Prince William Counties and the City of Alexandria in the Commonwealth of Virginia, and (D) all cities and other units of government within the geographic areas of such District, Counties, and City.

(3) The term "Pentagon" means that area of land (consisting of approximately 227 acres) and improvements thereon, including parking areas, located in Arlington County, Virginia, containing the Pentagon Office Building and its supporting facilities.

(4) The term "Mark Center Campus" means that area of land (consisting of approximately 16 acres) and improvements thereon, including parking areas, located in Alexandria, Virginia, and known on the day before the date of the enactment of this paragraph as the Fort Belvoir Mark Center Campus.

(5) The term "Raven Rock Mountain Complex" means that area of land (consisting of approximately 720 acres) and improvements thereon, including parking areas, at the Raven Rock Mountain Complex and its supporting facilities located in Maryland and Pennsylvania.

(Added Pub. L. 101–510, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804(a)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1784; amended Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, §1061(a)(18), div. B, title XXVIII, §2864, Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1473, 1561; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1502(a)(24), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 505; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title III, §369(a), (b)(1), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2498; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, §1067(1), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 774; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title XI, §1101, Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1234; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title IX, §933, Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1581; Pub. L. 111–383, div. B, title XXVIII, §2802, Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4458; Pub. L. 112–81, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1686; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title IX, §952(a), (b), div. B, title XXVIII, §2829E, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2374, 2375, 2733; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1081(d)(16), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1600.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2674, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(51), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1459; amended Pub. L. 87–651, title I, §112(b), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 511; Pub. L. 88–174, title VI, §608, Nov. 7, 1963, 77 Stat. 328; Pub. L. 89–188, title VI, §613, Sept. 16, 1965, 79 Stat. 819; Pub. L. 89–568, title VI, §608, Sept. 12, 1966, 80 Stat. 756; Pub. L. 91–511, title VI, §607(2)–(4), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1224; Pub. L. 92–145, title VII, §707(1), Oct. 27, 1971, 85 Stat. 411; Pub. L. 93–166, title VI, §608(1), Nov. 29, 1973, 87 Stat. 682; Pub. L. 94–107, title VI, §607(2)–(4), Oct. 7, 1975, 89 Stat. 566; Pub. L. 95–82, title VI, §608(a), Aug. 1, 1977, 91 Stat. 377; Pub. L. 95–356, title VI, §603(h)(1), Sept. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 582; Pub. L. 96–125, title VIII, §801, Nov. 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 947; Pub. L. 97–99, title IX, §907, Dec. 23, 1981, 95 Stat. 1385, related to minor construction projects, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–214, §§7(1), 12(a), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 173, 176, effective Oct. 1, 1982, and applicable to military construction projects, and to construction and acquisition of military family housing authorized before, on, or after such date. See section 2805 of this title.

References in Text

The Homeland Security Act of 2002, referred to in subsec. (b)(4)(B), is Pub. L. 107–296, Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2135, which is classified principally to chapter 1 (§101 et seq.) of Title 6, Domestic Security. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 101 of Title 6 and Tables.

The date of the enactment of this paragraph, referred to in subsec. (f)(4), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 114–328, which was approved Dec. 23, 2016.

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 115–91, §1081(d)(16), repealed Pub. L. 114–328, §2829E(a)(3). See 2016 Amendment note below.

2016—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 114–328, §2829E(d)(1), inserted heading.

Pub. L. 114–328, §2829E(c), struck out par. (1) designation after subsec. (a) designation and struck out pars. (2) and (3) which related to annual report on the state of the renovation of the Pentagon Reservation for specified congressional committees.

Pub. L. 114–328, §2829E(b), substituted "The Secretary of Defense has jurisdiction" for "Jurisdiction" and struck out "is transferred to the Secretary of Defense" after "management of the Pentagon Reservation".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 114–328, §2829E(d)(2), inserted heading.

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 114–328, §2829E(a)(3), which directed insertion of "for the Pentagon Reservation and" after "law enforcement and security functions" and could not be executed, was repealed by Pub. L. 115–91, §1081(d)(16).

Pub. L. 114–328, §952(a)(2), added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1). Prior to amendment, text read as follows "The Secretary may appoint military or civilian personnel or contract personnel to perform law enforcement and security functions for property occupied by, or under the jurisdiction, custody, and control of the Department of Defense, and located in the National Capital Region. Such individuals—

"(A) may be armed with appropriate firearms required for personal safety and for the proper execution of their duties, whether on Department of Defense property or in travel status; and

"(B) shall have the same powers (other than the service of civil process) as sheriffs and constables upon the property referred to in the first sentence to enforce the laws enacted for the protection of persons and property, to prevent breaches of the peace and suppress affrays or unlawful assemblies, and to enforce any rules or regulations with respect to such property prescribed by duly authorized officials."

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 114–328, §952(a)(2), added par. (2). Former par. (2) redesignated (5).

Subsec. (b)(3), (4). Pub. L. 114–328, §952(a)(2), added pars. (3) and (4).

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 114–328, §952(a)(1), (b), redesignated par. (2) as (5) and inserted ", whichever is greater" before period at end.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 114–328, §2829E(d)(3), inserted heading.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 114–328, §2829E(d)(4), inserted heading.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 114–328, §2829E(d)(5), inserted heading.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 114–328, §2829E(d)(6), inserted heading.

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 114–328, §2829E(a)(1), amended par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (1) read as follows: "The term 'Pentagon Reservation' means that area of land (consisting of approximately 280 acres) and improvements thereon, located in Arlington, Virginia, on which the Pentagon Office Building, Federal Building Number 2, the Pentagon heating and sewage treatment plants, and other related facilities are located, including various areas designated for the parking of vehicles."

Subsec. (f)(3) to (5). Pub. L. 114–328, §2829E(a)(2), added pars. (3) to (5).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 114–328, §2829E(a)(4), struck out subsec. (g) which read as follows: "For purposes of subsections (b), (c), (d), and (e), the terms 'Pentagon Reservation' and 'National Capital Region' shall be treated as including the land and physical facilities at the Raven Rock Mountain Complex."

2011—Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 111–383, §2802(1), substituted "Subject to paragraphs (3) and (4), monies" for "Monies".

Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 111–383, §2802(2), added par. (3).

Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 112–81 designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), substituted "Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the authority" for "The authority", and added subpar. (B).

Pub. L. 111–383, §2802(2), added par. (4).

2003—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 108–136 added subsec. (g).

2001—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107–107 designated existing provisions as par. (1), redesignated former pars. (1) and (2) as subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, of par. (1), and added par. (2).

1999—Subsec. (a)(3)(B). Pub. L. 106–65 substituted "Committee on Armed Services" for "Committee on National Security".

1996Pub. L. 104–201, §369(b)(1), substituted "of Pentagon Reservation and defense facilities in National Capital Region" for "of the Pentagon Reservation" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 104–106, §1502(a)(24)(A), substituted "congressional committees specified in paragraph (3)" for "Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives, the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate, and the Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the House of Representatives".

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 104–106, §1502(a)(24)(B), added par. (3).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–201, §369(a), substituted "in the National Capital Region" for "at the Pentagon Reservation".

1991—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 102–190, §2864, amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: "shall have the same powers as sheriffs and constables to enforce the laws, rules, or regulations enacted for the protection of persons and property."

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 102–190, §1061(a)(18), substituted "misdemeanor" for "misdeameanor".

Effective Date of 2017 Amendment

Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, §1081(d), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1599, provided that the amendment made by section 1081(d)(16) is effective as of Dec. 23, 2016, and as if included in Pub. L. 114–328 as enacted.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of the functions, personnel, assets, and obligations of the United States Secret Service, including the functions of the Secretary of the Treasury relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 381, 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

Cost of Pentagon Renovation

Pub. L. 108–287, title VIII, §8055, Aug. 5, 2004, 118 Stat. 982, provided that:

"(a) Limitation on Pentagon Renovation Costs.—Not later than the date each year on which the President submits to Congress the budget under section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a certification that the total cost for the planning, design, construction, and installation of equipment for the renovation of wedges 2 through 5 of the Pentagon Reservation, cumulatively, will not exceed four times the total cost for the planning, design, construction, and installation of equipment for the renovation of wedge 1.

"(b) Annual Adjustment.—For purposes of applying the limitation in subsection (a), the Secretary shall adjust the cost for the renovation of wedge 1 by any increase or decrease in costs attributable to economic inflation, based on the most recent economic assumptions issued by the Office of Management and Budget for use in preparation of the budget of the United States under section 1104 of title 31, United States Code.

"(c) Exclusion of Certain Costs.—For purposes of calculating the limitation in subsection (a), the total cost for wedges 2 through 5 shall not include—

"(1) any repair or reconstruction cost incurred as a result of the terrorist attack on the Pentagon that occurred on September 11, 2001;

"(2) any increase in costs for wedges 2 through 5 attributable to compliance with new requirements of Federal, State, or local laws; and

"(3) any increase in costs attributable to additional security requirements that the Secretary of Defense considers essential to provide a safe and secure working environment.

"(d) Certification Cost Reports.—As part of the annual certification under subsection (a), the Secretary shall report the projected cost (as of the time of the certification) for—

"(1) the renovation of each wedge, including the amount adjusted or otherwise excluded for such wedge under the authority of paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (c) for the period covered by the certification; and

"(2) the repair and reconstruction of wedges 1 and 2 in response to the terrorist attack on the Pentagon that occurred on September 11, 2001.

"(e) Duration of Certification Requirement.—The requirement to make an annual certification under subsection (a) shall apply until the Secretary certifies to Congress that the renovation of the Pentagon Reservation is completed."

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 108–87, title VIII, §8055, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1084.

Pub. L. 107–248, title VIII, §8056, Oct. 23, 2002, 116 Stat. 1549.

Pub. L. 107–117, div. A, title VIII, §8060, Jan. 10, 2002, 115 Stat. 2260.

Establishment of Memorial to Victims of Terrorist Attack on Pentagon Reservation and Authority to Accept Monetary Contributions for Memorial and Repair of Pentagon

Pub. L. 107–107, div. B, title XXVIII, §2864, Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1333, provided that:

"(a) Memorial Authorized.—The Secretary of Defense may establish a memorial at the Pentagon Reservation dedicated to the victims of the terrorist attack on the Pentagon that occurred on September 11, 2001. The Secretary shall use necessary amounts in the Pentagon Reservation Maintenance Revolving Fund established by section 2674(e) of title 10, United States Code, including amounts deposited in the Fund under subsection (c), to plan, design, construct, and maintain the memorial.

"(b) Acceptance of Contributions.—The Secretary of Defense may accept monetary contributions made for the purpose of assisting in—

"(1) the establishment of the memorial to the victims of the terrorist attack; and

"(2) the repair of the damage caused to the Pentagon Reservation by the terrorist attack.

"(c) Deposit of Contributions.—The Secretary of Defense shall deposit contributions accepted under subsection (b) in the Pentagon Reservation Maintenance Revolving Fund. The contributions shall be available for expenditure only for the purposes specified in subsection (b)."

§2675. Leases: foreign countries

(a) Lease Authority; Duration.—The Secretary of a military department may acquire by lease in foreign countries structures and real property relating to structures that are needed for military purposes other than for military family housing. A lease under this section may be for a period of up to 10 years, or 15 years in the case of a lease in Korea, and the rental for each yearly period may be paid from funds appropriated to that military department for that year.

(b) Availability of Funds.—Appropriations available to the Department of Defense for operation and maintenance or construction may be used for the acquisition of interests in land under this section.

(Added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(51), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1460; amended Pub. L. 91–511, title VI, §608, Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1224; Pub. L. 94–107, title VI, §607(10), (11), Oct. 7, 1975, 89 Stat. 567; Pub. L. 95–82, title V, §505(a), Aug. 1, 1977, 91 Stat. 371; Pub. L. 95–356, title V, §503(b), Sept. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 579; Pub. L. 96–125, title V, §502(b), Nov. 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 940; Pub. L. 96–418, title V, §504(b), Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1765; Pub. L. 97–99, title VI, §604, Dec. 23, 1981, 95 Stat. 1374; Pub. L. 97–214, §8, July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 174; Pub. L. 98–525, title XIV, §1405(40), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2624; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIII, §1322(a)(11), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1671; Pub. L. 108–136, div. B, title XXVIII, §2804(b), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1719; Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(d)(3), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2130; Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §2824, Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2476.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
2675 5:171z–3. Aug. 3, 1956, ch. 939, §417, 70 Stat. 1018.

The words "that are not located on a military base" are substituted for the words "off-base".

Amendments

2006—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–364 substituted "10 years" for "five years".

2004Pub. L. 108–375 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, and added subsec. (b).

2003Pub. L. 108–136 inserted "or 15 years in the case of a lease in Korea," after "five years,".

1990Pub. L. 101–510 struck out "(a)" before "The Secretary" and struck out subsec. (b) which read as follows: "A lease may not be entered into under this section for structures or related real property in any foreign country if the average estimated annual rental during the term of the lease if more than $250,000 until after the expiration of 30 days from the date upon which a report of the facts concerning the proposed lease is submitted to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives."

1984—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98–525 substituted "30" for "thirty".

1982—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–214, §8(a), substituted provisions that the Secretary of a military department may acquire by lease in foreign countries, structures and real property needed for military purposes other than for military family housing for up to a period of five years with the rental to be paid from funds appropriated to that military department for that year, for former provisions that had allowed such leases including leases for military family housing and in the latter case for a period of up to 10 years.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–214, §8(b), struck out "or any other provision of law" after "into under this section", and ", family housing facilities," after "for structures".

Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 97–214, §8(c), struck out subsec. (c) which provided that a statement in a lease that the requirements of this section have been met, or that the lease is not subject to this section is conclusive, and subsec. (d) which related to limitations on expenditures for the rental of family housing in foreign countries and limitations on the number of family housing units which may be leased in a foreign country at any one time.

1981—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 97–99, §604(1), substituted "250" for "150".

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 97–99, §604(2), substituted "22,000" for "17,000".

1980—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 96–418 substituted "Expenditures for the rental of family housing in foreign countries (including the cost of utilities and maintenance and operation) may not exceed $1,115 per month for any unit" for "The average unit rental for Department of Defense family housing acquired by lease in foreign countries may not exceed $550 per month for the Department, and in no event shall the rental for any one unit exceed $970 per month, including the costs of operation, maintenance, and utilities".

1979—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 96–125, §502(b)(1), substituted "$550" for "$485" and "$970" for "$850".

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 96–125, §502(b)(2), substituted "17,000" for "18,000".

1978—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 95–356, §503(b)(1), substituted "$485" for "$435" and "$850" for "$760".

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 95–356, §503(b)(2), substituted "18,000" for "15,000".

1977—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–82, §505(a)(1), inserted provisions relating to military family housing facilities and real property related thereto.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95–82, §505(a)(2), inserted "or any other provision of law for structures, family housing facilities, or related real property in any foreign country," after "section".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 95–82, §505(a)(3), added subsec. (d).

1975Pub. L. 94–107 struck out reference to structures not on a military base in section catchline, and struck out "that are not located on a military base and" after "structures and real property relating thereto" in subsec. (a).

1970Pub. L. 91–511 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and added subsecs. (b) and (c).

Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–214 effective Oct. 1, 1982, and applicable to military construction projects, and to construction and acquisition of military family housing authorized before, on, or after such date, see section 12(a) of Pub. L. 97–214, set out as an Effective Date note under section 2801 of this title.

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Pub. L. 96–418, title VI, §608, Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1774, provided that: "Titles I, II, III, IV, and V [enacting section 2775 of this title and section 1594h–3 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, amending this section, section 2686 of this title, and sections 1594a–1 and 1594h–2 of Title 42, and repealing provisions set out as a note under section 4593 of this title] shall take effect on October 1, 1980."

Effective Date of 1977 Amendment

Pub. L. 95–82, title V, §505(c), Aug. 1, 1977, 91 Stat. 372, provided that: "The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] and the repeal made by subsection (b) [repealing section 507(b) of Pub. L. 93–166, which was not classified to the Code] shall take effect October 1, 1977."

[§2676. Renumbered §2664]

[§2677. Repealed. Pub. L. 110–181, div. B, title XXVIII, §2822(b)(1), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 544]

Section, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(51), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1460; amended Pub. L. 87–554, title VI, §607, July 27, 1962, 76 Stat. 242; Pub. L. 92–145, title VII, §707(4), Oct. 27, 1971, 85 Stat. 412; Pub. L. 94–273, §6(3), Apr. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 377; Pub. L. 97–214, §10(a)(5)(A), (B), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 175; Pub. L. 97–375, title I, §104(b), Dec. 21, 1982, 96 Stat. 1819; Pub. L. 98–407, title VIII, §803, Aug. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1519; Pub. L. 102–190, div. B, title XXVIII, §2861, Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1559; Pub. L. 103–35, title II, §201(c)(9), May 31, 1993, 107 Stat. 98; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title X, §1062(a)(12), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2650, related to options on property required for military construction projects.

§2678. Feral horses and burros: removal from military installations

When feral horses or burros are found on an installation under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department, the Secretary may use helicopters and motorized equipment for their removal.

(Added Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIV, §1481(h)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1708.)

Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in Pub. L. 101–165, title IX, §9030, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1135, which was set out as a note under section 2241 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–510, §1481(h)(3).

A prior section 2678, added Pub. L. 85–861, §1(51), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1460, related to acquisition of mortgaged housing units, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–214, §§7(1), 12(a), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 173, 176, effective Oct. 1, 1982, and applicable to military construction projects, and to construction and acquisition of military family housing authorized before, on, or after such date.

§2679. Installation-support services: intergovernmental support agreements

(a) In General.—(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law governing the award of Federal government 1 contracts for goods and services, the Secretary concerned may enter into an intergovernmental support agreement, on a sole source basis, with a State or local government to provide, receive, or share installation-support services if the Secretary determines that the agreement will serve the best interests of the department by enhancing mission effectiveness or creating efficiencies or economies of scale, including by reducing costs.

(2) An intergovernmental support agreement under paragraph (1)—

(A) may be for a term not to exceed ten years; and

(B) may use, for installation-support services provided by a State or local government, wage grades normally paid by that State or local government.


(3) An intergovernmental support agreement under paragraph (1) may only be used when the Secretary concerned or the State or local government, as the case may be, providing the installation-support services already provides such services for its own use.

(4) Any contract for the provision of installation-support services awarded by the Federal Government or a State or local government pursuant to an intergovernmental support agreement provided in subsection (a) shall be awarded on a competitive basis.

(b) Effect on First Responder Arrangements.—The authority provided by this section and limitations on the use of that authority are not intended to revoke, preclude, or otherwise interfere with existing or proposed mutual-aid agreements relating to police or fire protection services or other similar first responder agreements or arrangements.

(c) Availability of Funds.—Funds available to the Secretary concerned for operation and maintenance may be used to pay for such installation-support services. The costs of agreements under this section for any fiscal year may be paid using annual appropriations made available for that year. Funds received by the Secretary as reimbursement for providing installation-support services pursuant to such an agreement shall be credited to the appropriation or account charged with providing installation support.

(d) Effect on OMB Circular A-76.— The Secretary concerned shall ensure that intergovernmental support agreements authorized by this section are not used to circumvent the requirements of Office of Management and Budget Circular A-76 regarding public-private competitions.

(e) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term "installation-support services" means those services, supplies, resources, and support typically provided by a local government for its own needs and without regard to whether such services, supplies, resources, and support are provided to its residents generally, except that the term does not include security guard or fire-fighting functions.

(2) The term "local government" includes a county, parish, municipality, city, town, township, local public authority, school district, special district, and any agency or instrumentality of a local government.

(3) The term "State" includes the District of Columbia, the Commonwealths of Puerto Rico and the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the United States Virgin Islands, and any agency or instrumentality of a State.

(4) The term "intergovernmental support agreement" means a legal instrument reflecting a relationship between the Secretary concerned and a State or local government that contains such terms and conditions as the Secretary concerned considers appropriate for the purposes of this section and necessary to protect the interests of the United States.

(Added Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title III, §331(a), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1696, §2336; renumbered §2679 and amended Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title III, §351(a), (b), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3346; Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title X, §1081(a)(9), (b)(1), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1001; Pub. L. 115–91, div. B, title XXVIII, §2813, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1849.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2679, added Pub. L. 87–651, title I, §112(c), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 511; amended Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title XVI, §1621(a)(9), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1603; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title X, §1070(e)(9), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2859, related to use of space and equipment by representatives of veterans' organizations, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 108–375, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821(c)(2), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2129.

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 115–91 substituted "ten years" for "five years".

2015—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 114–92, §1081(a)(9), struck out "with" before ", on a sole source".

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 114–92, §1081(b)(1), amended directory language of Pub. L. 113–291, §351(b)(1)(C). See 2014 Amendment note below.

2014Pub. L. 113–291, §351(a), renumbered section 2336 of this title as this section and substituted "Installation-support services: intergovernmental support agreement" for "Intergovernmental support agreements with State and local governments" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 113–291, §351(b)(1)(A), substituted "Notwithstanding any other provision of law governing the award of Federal government contracts for goods and services, the Secretary concerned" for "The Secretary concerned" and ", on a sole source basis, with a State or local" for "a State or local".

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 113–291, §351(b)(1)(B), substituted "An" for "Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an" in introductory provisions, redesignated subpars. (B) and (C) as (A) and (B), respectively, and struck out former subpar. (A) which read as follows: "may be entered into on a sole-source basis;".

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 113–291, §351(b)(1)(C), as amended by Pub. L. 114–92, §1081(b)(1), added par. (4).

Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 113–291, §351(b)(2), added par. (4).

Effective Date of 2015 Amendment

Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title X, §1081(b), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1001, provided in part that the amendment made by section 1081(b)(1) is effective as of Dec. 19, 2014, and as if included in Pub. L. 113–291 as enacted.

1 So in original. Probably should be capitalized.

[§2680. Repealed. Pub. L. 111–383, div. B, title XXVIII, §2814(a), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4464]

Section, added Pub. L. 102–190, div. B, title XXVIII, §2863(a)(1), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1560; amended Pub. L. 103–160, div. B, title XXVIII, §2807(a), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1887; Pub. L. 104–106, div. B, title XXVIII, §2820(a), (b), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 556; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, §1067(1), div. B, title XXVIII, §2811, Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 774, 851; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title X, §1062(a)(13), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2650; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1031(a)(31), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1600, related to leases of land for special operations activities.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2680, added Pub. L. 87–651, title I, §112(c), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 511; amended Pub. L. 89–718, §20, Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1118, authorized reimbursement of moving expenses to owners of property acquired for public works projects, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 91–646, title II, §220(a)(3), Jan. 2, 1971, 84 Stat. 1903. See section 4601 et seq. of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

Effect of Repeal

Pub. L. 111–383, div. B, title XXVIII, §2814(b), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4464, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [repealing this section] shall not affect the validity of any contract entered into under section 2680 of title 10, United States Code, on or before September 30, 2005."

§2681. Use of test and evaluation installations by commercial entities

(a) Contract Authority.—The Secretary of Defense may enter into contracts with commercial entities that desire to conduct commercial test and evaluation activities at a Major Range and Test Facility Installation.

(b) Termination or Limitation of Contract Under Certain Circumstances.—A contract entered into under subsection (a) shall contain a provision that the Secretary of Defense may terminate, prohibit, or suspend immediately any commercial test or evaluation activity to be conducted at the Major Range and Test Facility Installation under the contract if the Secretary of Defense certifies in writing that the test or evaluation activity is or would be detrimental—

(1) to the public health and safety;

(2) to property (either public or private); or

(3) to any national security interest or foreign policy interest of the United States.


(c) Contract Price.—A contract entered into under subsection (a) shall include a provision that requires a commercial entity using a Major Range and Test Facility Installation under the contract to reimburse the Department of Defense for all direct costs to the United States that are associated with the test and evaluation activities conducted by the commercial entity under the contract. In addition, the contract may include a provision that requires the commercial entity to reimburse the Department of Defense for such indirect costs related to the use of the installation as the Secretary of Defense considers to be appropriate. The Secretary may delegate to the commander of the Major Range and Test Facility Installation the authority to determine the appropriateness of the amount of indirect costs included in such a contract provision.

(d) Retention of Funds Collected From Commercial Users.—Amounts collected under subsection (c) from a commercial entity conducting test and evaluation activities at a Major Range and Test Facility Installation shall be credited to the appropriation accounts under which the costs associated with the test and evaluation activities of the commercial entity were incurred.

(e) Regulations and Limitations.—The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section.

(f) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term "Major Range and Test Facility Installation" means a test and evaluation installation under the jurisdiction of the Department of Defense and designated as a Major Range and Test Facility Installation by the Secretary.

(2) The term "direct costs" includes the cost of—

(A) labor, material, facilities, utilities, equipment, supplies, and any other resources damaged or consumed during test or evaluation activities or maintained for a particular commercial entity; and

(B) construction specifically performed for a commercial entity to conduct test and evaluation activities.

(Added Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VIII, §846(a), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1722; amended Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VIII, §842, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1844; Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title VIII, §820, Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2090.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section, added Pub. L. 87–651, title II, §209(a), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 523; amended Pub. L. 88–174, title V, §508, Nov. 7, 1963, 77 Stat. 326; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §511(93), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2928, related to construction or acquisition of family housing and community facilities in foreign countries, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–214, §§7(1), 12(a), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 173, 176, effective Oct. 1, 1982, and applicable to military construction projects, and to construction and acquisition of military family housing authorized before, on, or after such date.

Amendments

1998—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105–261, §820(a), struck out heading and text of subsec. (g). Text read as follows: "The authority provided to the Secretary of Defense by subsection (a) shall terminate on September 30, 2002."

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 105–261, §820(b), struck out heading and text of subsec. (h). Text read as follows: "Not later than March 1, 1998, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives a report identifying existing and proposed procedures to ensure that the use of Major Range and Test Facility Installations by commercial entities does not compete with private sector test and evaluation services."

1997—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105–85, §842(a), substituted "2002" for "1998".

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 105–85, §842(b), amended subsec. (h) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (h) read as follows:

"(h) Report.—Not later than January 1, 1998, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report describing the number and purposes of contracts entered into under subsection (a) and evaluating the extent to which the authority under this section is exercised to open Major Range and Test Facility Installations to commercial test and evaluation activities."

§2682. Facilities for defense agencies

(a) Maintenance and Repair.—Subject to subsection (c), the maintenance and repair of a real property facility for an activity or agency of the Department of Defense (other than a military department) financed from appropriations for military functions of the Department of Defense will be accomplished by or through a military department designated by the Secretary of Defense.

(b) Jurisdiction.—Subject to subsection (c), a real property facility under the jurisdiction of the Department of Defense which is used by an activity or agency of the Department of Defense (other than a military department) shall be under the jurisdiction of a military department designated by the Secretary of Defense.

(c) Facilities for Intelligence Collection or for Special Operations Abroad.—(1) The Secretary of Defense may waive the requirements of subsections (a) and (b) if necessary to provide security for authorized intelligence collection or special operations activities abroad undertaken by the Department of Defense.

(2) Not later than 48 hours after using the waiver authority under paragraph (1) for any facility for intelligence collection conducted under the authorities of the Department of Defense or special operations activity, the Secretary of Defense shall submit, in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title, to the appropriate congressional committees a notice of the use of the authority, including the justification for the waiver and the estimated cost of the project for which the waiver applies.

(3) In this subsection, the term "appropriate congressional committees" means the following:

(A) With respect to a waiver regarding special operations activities, the congressional defense committees.

(B) With respect to a waiver regarding intelligence collection conducted under the authorities of the Department of Defense—

(i) the congressional defense committees; and

(ii) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives.


(4) The waiver authority provided by paragraph (1) expires December 31, 2020.

(Added Pub. L. 88–174, title VI, §609(a)(1), Nov. 7, 1963, 77 Stat. 329; amended Pub. L. 97–214, §10(a)(7), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 175; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title IX, §926, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1541; Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title XVI, §1632, Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1111; Pub. L. 115–91, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(f), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1848.)

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 115–91 substituted ", in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title, to the appropriate congressional committees a notice" for "to the appropriate congressional committees written notification".

2015—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 114–92, §1632(b)(2), repealed Pub. L. 112–81, §926(b). See 2011 Amendment notes below.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 114–92, §1632(b)(2), repealed Pub. L. 112–81, §926(b). See 2011 Amendment note below.

Pub. L. 114–92, §1632(a), designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added pars. (2) and (3).

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 114–92, §1632(b)(1), added par. (4).

2011Pub. L. 112–81, §926(a)(1), (2), designated first and second sentences as subsecs. (a) and (b), respectively, inserted headings, and realigned margins of subsec. (b).

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 112–81, §926(b)(1), which directed the substitution of "The maintenance and repair" for "Subject to subsection (c), the maintenance and repair", subject to effective date set out in Effective Date of 2011 Amendment note below, was repealed by Pub. L. 114–92, §1632(b)(2).

Pub. L. 112–81, §926(a)(1), substituted "Subject to subsection (c), the maintenance and repair" for "The maintenance and repair".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 112–81, §926(b)(2), which directed the substitution of "A real property" for "Subject to subsection (c), a real property", subject to effective date set out in Effective Date of 2011 Amendment note below, was repealed by Pub. L. 114–92, §1632(b)(2).

Pub. L. 112–81, §926(a)(3), substituted "Subject to subsection (c), a real property" for "A real property".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 112–81, §926(b)(3), which directed the striking out of subsec. (c), subject to effective date set out in Effective Date of 2011 Amendment note below, was repealed by Pub. L. 114–92, §1632(b)(2).

Pub. L. 112–81, §926(a)(4), added subsec. (c).

1982Pub. L. 97–214 substituted "maintenance and repair" for "construction, maintenance, rehabilitation, repair, alteration, addition, expansion, or extension".

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title IX, §926(b), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1541, as amended by Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title XVI, §1624, Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3633, which provided in part that the amendments made to this section by section 926(b) were to be effective on the later of Sept. 30, 2017, or the date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military construction for fiscal year 2018, was repealed by Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title XVI, §1632(b)(2), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1112.

Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–214 effective Oct. 1, 1982, and applicable to military construction projects, and to construction and acquisition of military family housing authorized before, on, or after such date, see section 12(a) of Pub. L. 97–214, set out as an Effective Date note under section 2801 of this title.

§2683. Relinquishment of legislative jurisdiction; minimum drinking age on military installations

(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary concerned may, whenever he considers it desirable, relinquish to a State, or to a Commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States, all or part of the legislative jurisdiction of the United States over lands or interests under his control in that State, Commonwealth, territory, or possession. Relinquishment of legislative jurisdiction under this section may be accomplished (1) by filing with the Governor (or, if none exists, with the chief executive officer) of the State, Commonwealth, territory, or possession concerned a notice of relinquishment to take effect upon acceptance thereof, or (2) as the laws of the State, Commonwealth, territory, or possession may otherwise provide.

(b) The authority granted by subsection (a) is in addition to and not instead of that granted by any other provision of law.

(c)(1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), the Secretary concerned shall establish and enforce as the minimum drinking age on a military installation located in a State the age established by the law of that State as the State minimum drinking age.

(2)(A) In the case of a military installation located—

(i) in more than one State; or

(ii) in one State but within 50 miles of another State or Mexico or Canada,


the Secretary concerned may establish and enforce as the minimum drinking age on that military installation the lowest applicable age.

(B) In subparagraph (A), the term "lowest applicable age" means the lowest minimum drinking age established by the law—

(i) of a State in which a military installation is located; or

(ii) of a State or jurisdiction of Mexico or Canada that is within 50 miles of such military installation.


(3)(A) The commanding officer of a military installation may waive the requirement of paragraph (1) if such commanding officer determines that the exemption is justified by special circumstances.

(B) The Secretary of Defense shall define by regulations what constitute special circumstances for the purposes of this paragraph.

(4) In this subsection:

(A) The term "State" includes the District of Columbia.

(B) The term "minimum drinking age" means the minimum age or ages established for persons who may purchase, possess, or consume alcoholic beverages.

(Added Pub. L. 91–511, title VI, §613(1), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1226; amended Pub. L. 92–545, title VIII, §707, Oct. 25, 1972, 86 Stat. 1154; Pub. L. 93–283, §3, May 14, 1974, 88 Stat. 141; Pub. L. 99–145, title XII, §1224(a), (b)(1), (c)(1), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 728, 729; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title XIII, §1343(a)(18), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3993; Pub. L. 100–526, title I, §106(b)(2), Oct. 24, 1988, 102 Stat. 2625.)

Amendments

1988—Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 100–526, §106(b)(2)(A), substituted "the term 'lowest applicable age' " for " 'lowest age' ".

Subsec. (c)(4)(A). Pub. L. 100–526, §106(b)(2)(B)(i), substituted "The term 'State' " for " 'State' ".

Subsec. (c)(4)(B). Pub. L. 100–526, §106(b)(2)(B)(ii), substituted "The term 'minimum' " for " 'Minimum' ".

1986—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–661 struck out "this" before "subsection (a)".

1985Pub. L. 99–145, §1224(c)(1), inserted "; minimum drinking age on military installations" in section catchline.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–145, §1224(b)(1), substituted "subsection (a)" for "section".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 99–145, §1224(a), added subsec. (c).

1974—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 93–283 substituted "Secretary concerned" for "Secretary of a military department".

1972—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 92–545 provided for relinquishment of all or part of legislative jurisdiction of the United States over lands or interests to Commonwealths, territories, or possessions of the United States.

Effective Date of 1985 Amendment

Pub. L. 99–145, title XII, §1224(d), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 729, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and provisions set out as a note under section 113 of this title] shall take effect 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 8, 1985]."

§2684. Cooperative agreements for management of cultural resources

(a) Authority.—The Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of a military department may enter into a cooperative agreement with a State or local government or other entity for the preservation, management, maintenance, and improvement of cultural resources located on a site authorized by subsection (b) and for the conduct of research regarding the cultural resources. Activities under the cooperative agreement shall be subject to the availability of funds to carry out the cooperative agreement.

(b) Authorized Cultural Resources Sites.—To be covered by a cooperative agreement under subsection (a), cultural resources must be located—

(1) on a military installation; or

(2) on a site outside of a military installation, but only if the cooperative agreement will directly relieve or eliminate current or anticipated restrictions that would or might restrict, impede, or otherwise interfere, whether directly or indirectly, with current or anticipated military training, testing, or operations on a military installation.


(c) Application of Other Laws.—Section 1535 and chapter 63 of title 31 shall not apply to a cooperative agreement entered into under this section.

(d) Cultural Resource Defined.—In this section, the term "cultural resource" means any of the following:

(1) A building, structure, site, district, or object eligible for or included in the National Register of Historic Places maintained under section 302101 of title 54.

(2) Cultural items, as that term is defined in section 2(3) of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (25 U.S.C. 3001(3)).

(3) An archaeological resource, as that term is defined in section 3(1) of the Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979 (16 U.S.C. 470bb(1)).

(4) An archaeological artifact collection and associated records covered by section 79 of title 36, Code of Federal Regulations.

(5) An Indian sacred site, as defined in section 1(b)(iii) of Executive Order No. 13007.

(Added Pub. L. 104–201, div. B, title XXVIII, §2862(a), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2804; amended Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title X, §1073(a)(58), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1903; Pub. L. 110–181, div. B, title XXVIII, §2824, Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 545; Pub. L. 113–287, §5(b), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3264; Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title X, §1081(a)(10), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1001.)

References in Text

Executive Order No. 13007, referred to in subsec. (d)(5), is set out under section 1996 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2684, added Pub. L. 93–166, title V, §509(a), Nov. 29, 1973, 87 Stat. 677, related to construction of family quarters and limitations on space, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–214, §§7(1), 12(a), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 173, 176, effective Oct. 1, 1982, and applicable to military construction projects, and to construction and acquisition of military family housing authorized before, on, or after such date. See section 2826 of this title.

Amendments

2015—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 114–92 substituted "section 302101 of title 54" for "section 2023.01 of title 54".

2014—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 113–287, which directed the substitution of "section 2023.01 of title 54" for "section 101(a) of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470a(a))" in subsec. (c)(1), was executed by making the substitution in subsec. (d)(1) to reflect the probable intent of Congress and the prior redesignation of subsec. (c) as (d) by Pub. L. 110–181, §2824(a)(2). See 2008 Amendment note below.

2008—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–181, §2824(a)(1), substituted "located on a site authorized by subsection (b)" for "on military installations".

Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 110–181, §2824(a)(2), (3), added subsec. (b) and redesignated former subsecs. (b) and (c) as (c) and (d), respectively.

Subsec. (d)(5). Pub. L. 110–181, §2824(b), added par. (5).

1997—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–85 struck out ", United States Code," after "title 31".

§2684a. Agreements to limit encroachments and other constraints on military training, testing, and operations

(a) Agreements Authorized.—The Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of a military department may enter into an agreement with an eligible entity or entities described in subsection (b) to address the use or development of real property in the vicinity of, or ecologically related to, a military installation or military airspace for purposes of—

(1) limiting any development or use of the property that would be incompatible with the mission of the installation;

(2) preserving habitat on the property in a manner that—

(A) is compatible with environmental requirements; and

(B) may eliminate or relieve current or anticipated environmental restrictions that would or might otherwise restrict, impede, or otherwise interfere, whether directly or indirectly, with current or anticipated military training, testing, or operations on the installation; or

(3) protecting Clear Zone Areas from use or encroachment that is incompatible with the mission of the installation.


(b) Eligible Entities.—An agreement under this section may be entered into with any of the following:

(1) A State or political subdivision of a State.

(2) A private entity that has as its stated principal organizational purpose or goal the conservation, restoration, or preservation of land and natural resources, or a similar purpose or goal, as determined by the Secretary concerned.


(c) Inapplicability of Certain Contract Requirements.—Notwithstanding chapter 63 of title 31, an agreement under this section that is a cooperative agreement or a grant may be used to acquire property or services for the direct benefit or use of the United States Government.

(d) Acquisition and Acceptance of Property and Interests.—(1) An agreement with an eligible entity or entities under this section shall provide for—

(A) the acquisition by the entity or entities of all right, title, and interest in and to any real property, or any lesser interest in the property, as may be appropriate for purposes of this section; and

(B) the sharing by the United States and the entity or entities of the acquisition costs in accordance with paragraph (3).


(2) Property or interests may not be acquired pursuant to the agreement unless the owner of the property or interests consents to the acquisition.

(3) An agreement with an eligible entity under this section may provide for the management of natural resources on, and the monitoring and enforcement of any right, title, real property in which the Secretary concerned acquires any right, title, or interest in accordance with this subsection and for the payment by the United States of all or a portion of the costs of such natural resource management and monitoring and enforcement if the Secretary concerned determines that there is a demonstrated need to preserve or restore habitat for the purpose described in subsection (a)(2). Any such payment by the United States—

(A) may be paid in a lump sum and include an amount intended to cover the future costs of natural resource management and monitoring and enforcement; and

(B) may be placed by the eligible entity in an interest-bearing account, and any interest shall be applied for the same purposes as the principal.


(4)(A) The Secretary concerned shall determine the appropriate portion of the acquisition costs to be borne by the United States in the sharing of acquisition costs of real property, or an interest in real property, under paragraph (1)(B).

(B) In lieu of or in addition to making a monetary contribution toward the cost of acquiring a parcel of real property, or an interest therein, pursuant to an agreement under this section, the Secretary concerned may convey, using the authority provided by section 2869 of this title, real property described in paragraph (2) of subsection (a) of such section, subject to the limitation in paragraph (3) of such subsection.

(C) The portion of acquisition costs borne by the United States under subparagraph (A), either through the contribution of funds or excess real property, or both, may not exceed an amount equal to, at the discretion of the Secretary concerned—

(i) the fair market value of any property or interest in property to be transferred to the United States upon the request of the Secretary concerned under paragraph (5); or

(ii) the cumulative fair market value of all properties or interests to be transferred to the United States under paragraph (5) pursuant to an agreement under subsection (a).


(D) The portion of acquisition costs borne by the United States under subparagraph (A) may exceed the amount determined under subparagraph (C), but only if—

(i) the Secretary concerned submits, in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title, a notice to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives containing—

(I) a certification by the Secretary that the military value to the United States of the property or interest to be acquired justifies a payment in excess of the fair market value of the property or interest; and

(II) a description of the military value to be obtained; and


(ii) the contribution toward the acquisition costs of the property or interest is not made until at least 10 days after the date on which the notice is submitted under clause (i).


(E) The contribution of an entity or entities to the acquisition costs of real property, or an interest in real property, under paragraph (1)(B) may include, with the approval of the Secretary concerned, the following or any combination of the following:

(i) The provision of funds, including funds received by such entity or entities from a Federal agency outside the Department of Defense or a State or local government in connection with a Federal, State, or local program.

(ii) The provision of in-kind services, including services related to the acquisition or maintenance of such real property or interest in real property.

(iii) The exchange or donation of real property or any interest in real property.


(5)(A) The agreement shall require the entity or entities to transfer to the United States, upon the request of the Secretary concerned, all or a portion of the property or interest acquired under the agreement or a lesser interest therein. No such requirement need be included in the agreement if the property or interest is being transferred to a State, or the agreement requires it to be subsequently transferred to a State, and the Secretary concerned determines that the laws and regulations applicable to the future use of such property or interest provide adequate assurance that the property concerned will be developed and used in a manner appropriate for purposes of this section. The Secretary shall limit such transfer request to the minimum property or interests necessary to ensure that the property concerned is developed and used in a manner appropriate for purposes of this section.

(B) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), if all or a portion of the property or interest acquired under the agreement is subsequently transferred to the United States and administrative jurisdiction over the property is under a Federal official other than a Secretary concerned, the Secretary concerned and that Federal official shall enter into a memorandum of agreement providing, to the satisfaction of the Secretary concerned, for the management of the property or interest concerned in a manner appropriate for purposes of this section. Such memorandum of agreement shall also provide that, should it be proposed that the property or interest concerned be developed or used in a manner not appropriate for purposes of this section, including declaring the property to be excess to the agency's needs or proposing to exchange the property for other property, the Secretary concerned may request that administrative jurisdiction over the property be transferred to the Secretary concerned at no cost, and, upon such a request being made, the administrative jurisdiction over the property shall be transferred accordingly.

(6) The Secretary concerned may accept on behalf of the United States any property or interest to be transferred to the United States under the agreement.

(7) For purposes of the acceptance of property or interests under the agreement, the Secretary concerned may accept an appraisal or title documents prepared or adopted by a non-Federal entity as satisfying the applicable requirements of section 301 of the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 4651) or section 3111 of title 40, if the Secretary concerned finds that the appraisal or title documents substantially comply with the requirements.

(e) Acquisition of Water Rights.—The authority of the Secretary concerned to enter into an agreement under this section for the acquisition of real property (or an interest therein) includes the authority to support the purchase of water rights from any available source when necessary to support or protect the mission of a military installation.

(f) Additional Terms and Conditions.—The Secretary concerned may require such additional terms and conditions in an agreement under this section as the Secretary considers appropriate to protect the interests of the United States.

(g) Annual Reports.—(1) Not later than March 1 each year, the Secretary of Defense shall, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments and the Director of the Department of Defense Test Resource Management Center, submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the projects undertaken under agreements under this section.

(2) Each report under paragraph (1) shall include the following:

(A) A description of the status of the projects undertaken under agreements under this section.

(B) An assessment of the effectiveness of such projects, and other actions taken pursuant to this section, as part of a long-term strategy to ensure the sustainability of military test and training ranges, military installations, and associated airspace.

(C) An evaluation of the methodology and criteria used to select, and to establish priorities, for projects undertaken under agreements under this section.

(D) A description of any sharing of costs by the United States and eligible entities under subsection (d) during the preceding year, including a description of each agreement under this section providing for the sharing of such costs and a statement of the eligible entity or entities with which the United States is sharing such costs.

(E) Such recommendations as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate for legislative or administrative action in order to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of actions taken pursuant to agreements under this section.


(h) Interagency Cooperation in Conservation Programs To Avoid or Reduce Adverse Impacts on Military Readiness Activities.—In order to facilitate interagency cooperation and enhance the effectiveness of actions that will protect both the environment and military readiness, the recipient of funds provided pursuant an agreement under this section or under the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670 et seq.) may, with regard to the lands and waters within the scope of the agreement, use such funds to satisfy any matching funds or cost-sharing requirement of any conservation program of the Department of Agriculture or the Department of the Interior notwithstanding any limitation of such program on the source of matching or cost-sharing funds.

(i) Funding.—(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), funds authorized to be appropriated for operation and maintenance of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, or Defense-wide activities may be used to enter into agreements under this section.

(2) In the case of a military installation operated primarily with funds authorized to be appropriated for research, development, test, and evaluation, funds authorized to be appropriated for the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, or Defense-wide activities for research, development, test, and evaluation may be used to enter into agreements under this section with respect to the installation.

(j) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term "Secretary concerned" means the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of a military department.

(2) The term "State" includes the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas, and the territories and possessions of the United States.

(3) The term "Clear Zone Area" means an area immediately beyond the end of the runway of an airfield that is needed to ensure the safe and unrestricted passage of aircraft in and over the area.

(Added Pub. L. 107–314, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(a), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2705; amended Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2822, Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3513; Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(g), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2473; Pub. L. 110–181, div. B, title XXVIII, §2825, Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 545; Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title X, §1073(a)(27), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2474; Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title X, §1075(b)(43), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4371; Pub. L. 112–81, div. B, title XXVIII, §2813, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1687; Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title III, §312(a), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 729; Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title X, §1071(f)(23), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3511; Pub. L. 115–91, div. B, title XXVIII, §2811(g), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1848.)

References in Text

The Sikes Act, referred to in subsec. (h), is Pub. L. 86–797, Sept. 15, 1960, 74 Stat. 1052, which is classified generally to chapter 5C (§670 et seq.) of Title 16, Conservation. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 670 of Title 16 and Tables.

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (d)(4)(D)(i). Pub. L. 115–91, §2811(g)(1), substituted "submits, in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title, a notice" for "provides written notice" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (d)(4)(D)(ii). Pub. L. 115–91, §2811(g)(2), substituted "10 days after the date on which the notice is submitted under clause (i)." for "14 days after the date on which the notice is submitted under clause (i) or, if earlier, at least 10 days after the date on which a copy of the notice is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title."

2014—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 113–291 inserted "670" after "U.S.C.".

2013—Subsecs. (h) to (j). Pub. L. 113–66 added subsec. (h) and redesignated former subsecs. (h) and (i) as (i) and (j), respectively.

2011—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 112–81, §2813(1), added par. (3).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 112–81, §2813(2), amended subsec. (c) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "Chapter 63 of title 31 shall not apply to any agreement entered into under this section."

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 112–81, §2813(3)(A), inserted ", and the monitoring and enforcement of any right, title, or interest in," after "resources on" and "and monitoring and enforcement" after "natural resource management", and inserted at end "Any such payment by the United States—

"(A) may be paid in a lump sum and include an amount intended to cover the future costs of natural resource management and monitoring and enforcement; and

"(B) may be placed by the eligible entity in an interest-bearing account, and any interest shall be applied for the same purposes as the principal."

Subsec. (d)(5). Pub. L. 112–81, §2813(3)(B), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), inserted after first sentence "No such requirement need be included in the agreement if the property or interest is being transferred to a State, or the agreement requires it to be subsequently transferred to a State, and the Secretary concerned determines that the laws and regulations applicable to the future use of such property or interest provide adequate assurance that the property concerned will be developed and used in a manner appropriate for purposes of this section.", and added subpar. (B).

Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 111–383 substituted "March 1 each year" for "March 1, 2007, and annually thereafter".

Subsec. (i)(3). Pub. L. 112–81, §2813(4), added par. (3).

2009—Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 111–84 substituted "the following" for "the following the following" in introductory provisions.

2008—Subsec. (d)(3), (4). Pub. L. 110–181, §2825(a), added par. (3) and redesignated former par. (3) as (4). Former par. (4) redesignated (5).

Subsec. (d)(4)(C). Pub. L. 110–181, §2825(b)(2), substituted "equal to, at the discretion of the Secretary concerned—" and cls. (i) and (ii) for "equal to the fair market value of any property or interest to be transferred to the United States upon the request of the Secretary concerned under paragraph (4)."

Subsec. (d)(4)(D), (E). Pub. L. 110–181, §2825(b)(1), (3), added subpar. (D) and redesignated former subpar. (D) as (E).

Subsec. (d)(5) to (7). Pub. L. 110–181, §2825(a)(1), redesignated pars. (4) to (6) as (5) to (7), respectively.

2006—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–163, §2822(a)(1), in introductory provisions, inserted "or entities" after "entity" and substituted "in the vicinity of, or ecologically related to, a military installation or military airspace" for "in the vicinity of a military installation".

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 109–163, §2822(a)(2)(A)(i), (b)(1)(A), inserted "or entities" after "eligible entity" and substituted "shall provide" for "may provide" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (d)(1)(A). Pub. L. 109–163, §2822(a)(2)(A)(ii), inserted "or entities" after "the entity".

Subsec. (d)(1)(B). Pub. L. 109–163, §2822(b)(1)(B), added subpar. (B) and struck out former subpar. (B) which read as follows: "the sharing by the United States and the entity of the acquisition costs."

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 109–364 added subpar. (B), redesignated former subpars. (B) and (C) as (C) and (D), respectively, and in subpar. (C) substituted "under subparagraph (A), either through the contribution of funds or excess real property, or both," for "in the sharing of acquisition costs of real property, or an interest in real property, under paragraph (1)(B)".

Pub. L. 109–163, §2822(b)(3), added par. (3). Former par. (3) redesignated (4).

Pub. L. 109–163, §2822(a)(2)(B), inserted "or entities" after "the entity".

Subsec. (d)(4) to (6). Pub. L. 109–163, §2822(b)(2), redesignated pars. (3) to (5) as (4) to (6), respectively.

Subsecs. (g) to (i). Pub. L. 109–163, §2822(c), added subsec. (g) and redesignated former subsecs. (g) and (h) as (h) and (i), respectively.

Termination of 2013 Amendment

Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title III, §312(b), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 729, which provided that section 312 of Pub. L. 113–66, which amended this section, and subsec. (h) of this section would expire on Oct. 1, 2019, subject to a provision continuing any agreements existing before that date, was repealed by Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title III, §317(f), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1352.

Termination of Reporting Requirements

For termination, effective Dec. 31, 2021, of provisions in subsec. (g) of this section requiring submittal of annual report to Congress, see section 1061 of Pub. L. 114–328, set out as a note under section 111 of this title.

Sentinel Landscapes Partnership

Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title III, §317(a)–(e), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1351, 1352, provided that:

"(a) Establishment.—The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of the Interior, may establish and carry out a program to preserve sentinel landscapes. The program shall be known as the 'Sentinel Landscapes Partnership'.

"(b) Designation of Sentinel Landscapes.—The Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Agriculture, and the Secretary of the Interior, may, as the Secretaries determine appropriate, collectively designate one or more sentinel landscapes.

"(c) Coordination of Activities.—The Secretaries may coordinate actions between their departments and with other agencies and private organizations to more efficiently work together for the mutual benefit of conservation, working lands, and national defense, and to encourage private landowners to engage in voluntary land management and conservation activities that contribute to the sustainment of military installations, ranges, and airspace.

"(d) Priority Consideration.—The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of the Interior may give to any eligible landowner or agricultural producer within a designated sentinel landscape priority consideration for participation in any easement, grant, or assistance programs administered by that Secretary's department. Participation in any such program pursuant to this section shall be voluntary.

"(e) Definitions.—In this section:

"(1) Military installation.—The term 'military installation' has the same meaning as provided in section 670(1) of title 16, United States Code.

"(2) State-owned national guard installation.—The term 'State-owned National Guard installation' has the same meaning as provided in section 670(3) of title 16, United States Code.

"(3) Sentinel landscape.—The term 'sentinel landscape' means a landscape-scale area encompassing—

"(A) one or more military installations or state-owned National Guard installations and associated airspace; and

"(B) the working or natural lands that serve to protect and support the rural economy, the natural environment, outdoor recreation, and the national defense test and training missions of the military- or State-owned National Guard installation or installations."

§2685. Adjustment of or surcharge on selling prices in commissary stores to provide funds for construction and improvement of commissary store facilities

(a) Adjustment or Surcharge Authorized.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Defense may, for the purposes of this section, provide for an adjustment of, or surcharge on, sales prices of goods and services sold in commissary store facilities.

(b) Use for Construction, Repair, Improvement, and Maintenance.—(1) The Secretary of Defense may use the proceeds from the adjustments or surcharges authorized by subsection (a) only—

(A) to acquire (including acquisition by lease), construct, convert, expand, improve, repair, maintain, and equip the physical infrastructure of commissary stores and central product processing facilities of the defense commissary system; and

(B) to cover environmental evaluation and construction costs related to activities described in paragraph (1), including costs for surveys, administration, overhead, planning, and design.


(2) In paragraph (1), the term "physical infrastructure" includes real property, utilities, and equipment (installed and free standing and including computer equipment), necessary to provide a complete and usable commissary store or central product processing facility.

(c) Advance Obligation.—The Secretary of Defense, with the approval of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, may obligate anticipated proceeds from the adjustments or surcharges authorized by subsection (a) for any use specified in subsection (b) or (d), without regard to fiscal year limitations, if the Secretary determines that such obligation is necessary to carry out any use of such adjustments or surcharges specified in subsection (b) or (d).

(d) Cooperation With Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentalities.—(1) The Secretary of Defense may authorize a nonappropriated fund instrumentality of the United States to enter into a contract for construction of a shopping mall or similar facility for a commissary store and one or more nonappropriated fund instrumentality activities. The Secretary may use the proceeds of adjustments or surcharges authorized by subsection (a) to reimburse the nonappropriated fund instrumentality for the portion of the cost of the contract that is attributable to construction of the commissary store or to pay the contractor directly for that portion of such cost.

(2) In paragraph (1), the term "construction", with respect to a facility, includes acquisition, conversion, expansion, installation, or other improvement of the facility.

(e) Other Sources of Funds for Construction and Improvements.—Revenues received by the Secretary of Defense from the following sources or activities of commissary store facilities shall be available for the purposes set forth in subsections (b), (c), and (d):

(1) Sale of recyclable materials.

(2) Sale of excess and surplus property.

(3) License fees.

(4) Royalties.

(5) Fees paid by sources of products in order to obtain favorable display of the products for resale, known as business related management fees.

(Added Pub. L. 93–552, title VI, §611, Dec. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 1765; amended Pub. L. 95–82, title VI, §614, Aug. 1, 1977, 91 Stat. 380; Pub. L. 97–321, title VIII, §804, Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1572; Pub. L. 103–337, div. B, title XXVIII, §2851, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3072; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title III, §374, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1707; Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title III, §333(a), (b)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-60.)

Amendments

2000—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title III, §333(b)(1)], substituted "Secretary of Defense" for "Secretary of a military department, under regulations established by him and approved by the Secretary of Defense,".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title III, §333(a)], amended heading and text of subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Secretary of a military department, under regulations established by him and approved by the Secretary of Defense, may use the proceeds from the adjustments or surcharges authorized by subsection (a) to acquire, construct, convert, expand, install, or otherwise improve commissary store facilities at defense installations and for related environmental evaluation and construction costs, including surveys, administration, overhead, planning, and design."

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title III, §333(b)(2)], substituted "Secretary of Defense, with the approval of" for "Secretary of a military department, with the approval of the Secretary of Defense and" and "Secretary determines" for "Secretary of the military department determines".

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title III, §333(b)(3)], substituted "Secretary of Defense" for "Secretary of a military department".

1997—Subsecs. (a) to (d). Pub. L. 105–85, §374(b), inserted subsec. headings.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–85, §374(a), added subsec. (e).

1994—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–337, §2851(b), inserted "or (d)" after "subsection (b)" in two places.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–337, §2851(a), added subsec. (d).

1982—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97–321 added subsec. (c).

1977—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95–82 struck out "within the United States" after "defense installations".

Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title III, §333(c)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-60, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 2001."

§2686. Utilities and services: sale; expansion and extension of systems and facilities

(a) Under such regulations and for such periods and at such prices as he may prescribe, the Secretary concerned or his designee may sell or contract to sell to purchasers within or in the immediate vicinity of an activity of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard, as the case may be, any of the following utilities and related services, if it is determined that they are not available from another local source and that the sale is in the interest of national defense or in the public interest:

(1) Electric power.

(2) Steam.

(3) Compressed air.

(4) Water.

(5) Sewage and garbage disposal.

(6) Natural, manufactured, or mixed gas.

(7) Ice.

(8) Mechanical refrigeration.

(9) Telephone service.


(b) Proceeds of sales under subsection (a) shall be credited to the appropriation currently available for the supply of that utility or service.

(c) To meet local needs the Secretary concerned may make minor expansions and extensions of any distributing system or facility within an activity through which a utility or service is furnished under subsection (a).

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 141, §2481; Pub. L. 86–156, Aug. 14, 1959, 73 Stat. 338; renumbered §2686, Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title III, §371(b)(1), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1705.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised sectionSource (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
2481(a) 5:626s.

5:626s–1 (less words between semicolon and colon).

10:1269.

July 30, 1947, ch. 394, 61 Stat. 675; Aug. 8, 1949, ch. 403, §5, 63 Stat. 576.
  10:1269a (less words between semicolon and colon).
  34:553a.
  34:553b (less words between semicolon and colon).
2481(b) 5:626s–1 (words between semicolon and colon).
  10:1269a (words between semicolon and colon).
  34:553b (words between semicolon and colon).
2481(c) 5:626s–2.
  10:1269b.
  34:553c.

In subsection (a), the words "within his establishment", "of time", and the opening clauses of 5:626s–1, 10:1269a, and 34:553b, are omitted as surplusage. The words "not available from another local source" are substituted for the words "not otherwise available from local private or public sources".

In subsection (b), the words "of sales under subsection (a)" are substituted for the words "received for any such utilities and related services sold pursuant to the authority of said sections". The words "or appropriations" are omitted as surplusage.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2686, added Pub. L. 95–82, title V, §504(a)(1), Aug. 1, 1977, 91 Stat. 371; amended Pub. L. 95–356, title V, §503(a), Sept. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 579; Pub. L. 96–125, title V, §502(a), Nov. 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 940; Pub. L. 96–418, title V, §504(a), Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1765, related to military family housing leases, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–214, §§7(1), 12(a), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 173, 176, effective Oct. 1, 1982, and applicable to military construction projects, and to construction and acquisition of military family housing authorized before, on, or after such date. See section 2828(a), (b) of this title.

Amendments

1997Pub. L. 105–85 renumbered section 2481 of this title as this section.

1959—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 86–156, §1(1), substituted "concerned" for "of a military department" and inserted "or Coast Guard," after "Marine Corps,".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 86–156, §1(2), struck out "of the military department" after "Secretary".

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

§2687. Base closures and realignments

(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no action may be taken to effect or implement—

(1) the closure of any military installation at which at least 300 civilian personnel are authorized to be employed;

(2) any realignment with respect to any military installation referred to in paragraph (1) involving a reduction by more than 1,000, or by more than 50 percent, in the number of civilian personnel authorized to be employed at such military installation at the time the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of the military department concerned notifies the Congress under subsection (b) of the Secretary's plan to close or realign such installation; or

(3) any construction, conversion, or rehabilitation at any military facility other than a military installation referred to in clause (1) or (2) which will or may be required as a result of the relocation of civilian personnel to such facility by reason of any closure or realignment to which clause (1) or (2) applies,


unless and until the provisions of subsection (b) are complied with.

(b) No action described in subsection (a) with respect to the closure of, or a realignment with respect to, any military installation referred to in such subsection may be taken unless and until—

(1) the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of the military department concerned notifies the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives, as part of an annual request for authorization of appropriations to such Committees, of the proposed closing or realignment and submits with the notification—

(A) an evaluation of the fiscal, local economic, budgetary, environmental, strategic, and operational consequences of such closure or realignment; and

(B) the criteria used to consider and recommend military installations for such closure or realignment, which shall include at a minimum consideration of—

(i) the ability of the infrastructure (including transportation infrastructure) of both the existing and receiving communities to support forces, missions, and personnel as a result of such closure or realignment; and

(ii) the costs associated with community transportation infrastructure improvements as part of the evaluation of cost savings or return on investment of such closure or realignment; and


(2) a period of 30 legislative days or 60 calendar days, whichever is longer, expires following the day on which the notice and evaluation referred to in clause (1) have been submitted to such committees, during which period no irrevocable action may be taken to effect or implement the decision.


(c) No action described in subsection (a) with respect to the closure of, or realignment with respect to, any military installation referred to in such subsection may be taken within five years after the date on which a decision is made to reduce the civilian personnel thresholds below the levels prescribed in such subsection.

(d) This section shall not apply to the closure of a military installation, or a realignment with respect to a military installation, if the President certifies to the Congress that such closure or realignment must be implemented for reasons of national security or a military emergency.

(e)(1) After the expiration of the period of time provided for in subsection (b)(2) with respect to the closure or realignment of a military installation, funds which would otherwise be available to the Secretary to effect the closure or realignment of that installation may be used by him for such purpose.

(2) Nothing in this section restricts the authority of the Secretary to obtain architectural and engineering services under section 2807 of this title.

(f) If the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of the military department concerned determines, pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), that a significant transportation impact will occur as a result of an action described in subsection (a), the action may not be taken unless and until the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of the military department concerned—

(1) analyzes the adequacy of transportation infrastructure at and in the vicinity of each military installation that would be impacted by the action;

(2) concludes consultation with the Secretary of Transportation with regard to such impact;

(3) analyzes the impact of the action on local businesses, neighborhoods, and local governments; and

(4) includes in the notification required by subsection (b)(1) a description of how the Secretary intends to remediate the significant transportation impact.


(g) In this section:

(1) The term "military installation" means a base, camp, post, station, yard, center, homeport facility for any ship, or other activity under the jurisdiction of the Department of Defense, including any leased facility, which is located within any of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or Guam. Such term does not include any facility used primarily for civil works, rivers and harbors projects, or flood control projects.

(2) The term "civilian personnel" means direct-hire, permanent civilian employees of the Department of Defense.

(3) The term "realignment" includes any action which both reduces and relocates functions and civilian personnel positions, but does not include a reduction in force resulting from workload adjustments, reduced personnel or funding levels, skill imbalances, or other similar causes.

(4) The term "legislative day" means a day on which either House of Congress is in session.

(Added Pub. L. 95–82, title VI, §612(a), Aug. 1, 1977, 91 Stat. 379; amended Pub. L. 95–356, title VIII, §805, Sept. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 586; Pub. L. 97–214, §10(a)(8), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 175; Pub. L. 98–525, title XIV, §1405(41), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2624; Pub. L. 99–145, title XII, §1202(a), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 716; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title XII, §1231(17), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1161; Pub. L. 101–510, div. B, title XXIX, §2911, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1819; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1502(a)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 502; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, §1067(1), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 774; Pub. L. 110–417, div. B, title XXVIII, §2823(a), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4730; Pub. L. 112–81, div. B, title XXVII, §2704, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1682; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, §1076(f)(33), div. B, title XXVII, §2712(a), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1954, 2144.)

References in Text

The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, referred to in subsec. (f), is Pub. L. 91–190, Jan. 1, 1970, 83 Stat. 852, which is classified generally to chapter 55 (§4321 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4321 of Title 42 and Tables.

Amendments

2013—Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 112–239, §2712(a)(2), (3), added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsecs. (c) and (d) as (d) and (e), respectively. Former subsec. (e) redesignated (g).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 112–239, §1076(f)(33), substituted "as a result" for "at a result" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 112–239, §2712(a)(1), redesignated subsec. (e) as (g).

2011—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 112–81, §2704(a), substituted "notification—" for "notification", inserted subpar. (A) designation before "an evaluation", and added subpar. (B).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 112–81, §2704(b), added subsec. (f).

2008—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 110–417 inserted "the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands," after "Virgin Islands,".

1999—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 106–65 substituted "and the Committee on Armed Services" for "and the Committee on National Security".

1996—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 104–106 substituted "Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives" for "Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives".

1990—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 101–510 inserted "homeport facility for any ship," after "center," and substituted "under the jurisdiction of the Department of Defense, including any leased facility," for "under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department".

1987—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100–180 inserted "The term" after each par. designation and revised first word in quotes in each par. to make initial letter of such word lowercase.

1985Pub. L. 99–145 amended section generally, thereby applying the section only to closure of bases with more than 300 civilian personnel authorized to be employed and to realignments involving a reduction by more than 1,000, or by more than 50 percent, in the number of civilian personnel authorized to be employed at bases with more than 300 authorized civilian employees, striking out advance public notice required by the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of the military department concerned when an installation is a candidate for closure or realignment, requiring that all base closure or realignment proposals be submitted to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and of the House of Representatives as part of the annual budget request and that such proposals contain an evaluation of the fiscal, local economic, budgetary, environmental, strategic, and operational consequences of such action, providing that no irrevocable action to implement the closure to realignment could be taken until the expiration of 30 legislative days or 60 calendar days, whichever is longer, and making explicit the authority of the Secretary to obtain architectural and engineering services under section 2807 of this title and to use funds that would otherwise be available to effect the closure or realignment after expiration of the notice period.

1984—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 98–525, §1405(41)(A), substituted "1,000" for "one thousand".

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 98–525, §1405(41)(B), inserted "(42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.)".

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 98–525, §1405(41)(C), substituted "60" for "sixty".

Subsec. (d)(1)(B). Pub. L. 98–525, §1405(41)(D), substituted "300" for "three hundred".

1982—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 97–214 substituted "a base, camp, post, station, yard, center, or other activity under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department" for "any camp, post, station, base, yard, or other facility under the authority of the Department of Defense".

1978—Subsec. (d)(1)(B). Pub. L. 95–356 substituted "three hundred" for "five hundred".

Effective Date of 1985 Amendment

Pub. L. 99–145, title XII, §1202(b), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 718, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to closures and realignments completed on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 8, 1985], except that any action taken to effect or implement any closure or realignment for which a public announcement was made pursuant to section 2687(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, after April 1, 1985, and before the date of enactment of this Act shall be subject to the provisions of section 2687 of such title as in effect on the day before such date of enactment."

Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–214 effective Oct. 1, 1982, and applicable to military construction projects, and to construction and acquisition of military family housing authorized before, on, or after such date, see section 12(a) of Pub. L. 97–214, set out as an Effective Date note under section 2801 of this title.

Short Title of 1988 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–526, §1, Oct. 24, 1988, 102 Stat. 2623, provided that: "This Act [amending sections 1095a, 2324, 2683, and 4415 of this title, enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and sections 154 and 2306 of this title, and amending provisions set out as notes under section 2324 of this title] may be cited as the 'Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act'."

Effective Date of 1994 Amendments by Section 2813(d)(1) and (2) of Pub. L. 103–337

Pub. L. 103–337, div. B, title XXVIII, §2813(d)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3055, provided that: "The amendments made by paragraphs (1) and (2) [amending section 209(10) of Pub. L. 100–526 and section 2910(9) of Pub. L. 101–510, set out below] shall take effect as if included in the amendments made by section 2918 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103–160; 107 Stat. 1927)."

Effective Date of 1991 Amendments by Section 344 of Pub. L. 102–190

Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title III, §344(c), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1346, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending provisions set out as notes below] shall apply with regard to the transfer or disposal of any real property or facility pursuant to title II of the Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act [Pub. L. 100–526, set out below] or the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 [part A of title XXIX of div. B of Pub. L. 101–510, set out below] occurring on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 5, 1991]."

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

Closure of Existing Current Accounts; Transfer of Funds

Pub. L. 112–239, div. B, title XXVII, §2711(b), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2143, provided that:

"(1) Closure.—Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary of the Treasury shall close, pursuant to section 1555 of title 31, United States Code, the following accounts on the books of the Treasury:

"(A) The Department of Defense Base Closure Account 2005 established by section 2906A of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note), as in effect on the effective date of this section.

"(B) The Department of Defense Base Closure Account 1990 established by section 2906 of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note), as in effect on the effective date of this section.

"(C) The Department of Defense Base Closure Account established by section 207 of the Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act (Public Law 100–526; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note), as in effect on the effective date of this section.

"(2) Transfer of funds.—All amounts remaining in the three accounts specified in paragraph (1) as of the effective date of this section, shall be transferred, effective on that date, to the Department of Defense Base Closure Account established by section 2906 of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990, as added by subsection (a).

"(3) Cross references.—Except as provided in this subsection or the context requires otherwise, any reference in a law, regulation, document, paper, or other record of the United States to an account specified in paragraph (1) shall be deemed to be a reference to the Department of Defense Base Closure Account established by section 2906 of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990, as added by subsection (a)."

[Section 2711(b) of Pub. L. 112–239, set out above, effective on the later of Oct. 1, 2013, or the date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military construction for fiscal year 2014 (div. J of Pub. L. 113–76, approved Jan. 17, 2014), see section 2711(d) of Pub. L. 112–239, set out as an Effective Date of 2013 Amendment note under section 2701 of this title.]

Authority To Complete Specific Base Closure and Realignment Recommendations

Pub. L. 112–81, div. B, title XXVII, §2703, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1681, provided that:

"(a) Limited Authority to Extend Implementation Period.—The Secretary of Defense shall—

"(1) complete all closures and realignments recommended in the report of the Base Closure and Realignment Commission transmitted by the President to Congress in accordance with section 2914(e) of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note), as expeditiously as possible; and

"(2) complete the closure of the Umatilla Chemical Depot, Oregon, as recommended in the report of the Base Closure and Realignment Commission transmitted by the President to Congress in accordance with section 2914(e) of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note)—

"(A) without regard to any condition contained in that recommendation; and

"(B) not later than one year after the completion of the chemical demilitarization mission in accordance with the Chemical Weapons Convention Treaty.

"(b) Implementation.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out the authority provided under subsection (a), and any related property management and disposal activities, in accordance with the procedures and authorities under the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note)."

Support for Realignment of Military Installations and Relocation of Military Personnel on Guam

Pub. L. 114–92, div. B, title XXVIII, §2822(a), (b), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1177, 1178, provided that:

"(a) Report Required.—Not later than the date of the submission of the budget of the President for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2026 under section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] a report that specifies each of the following:

"(1) The total amount contributed by the Government of Japan during the most recently concluded Japanese fiscal year under section 2350k of title 10, United States Code, for deposit in the Support for United States Relocation to Guam Account.

"(2) The anticipated contributions to be made by the Government of Japan under such section during the current and next Japanese fiscal years.

"(3) The projects carried out on Guam or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands during the previous fiscal year using amounts in the Support for United States Relocation to Guam Account.

"(4) The anticipated projects that will be carried out on Guam or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands during the fiscal year covered by the budget submission using amounts in such Account.

"(b) Form of Report.—Each report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex as necessary."

Pub. L. 113–291, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821, Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3701, provided that:

"(a) Limitation Based on Cost Estimates.—

"(1) Limitation amount.—Pursuant to the Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the 'Guam and Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Military Relocation (2012 Roadmap Adjustments)', the total amount obligated or expended from funds appropriated or otherwise made available for military construction for implementation of the Record of Decision for the relocation of Marine Corps forces to Guam associated with such Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement may not exceed $8,725,000,000, subject to such adjustment as may be made under paragraph (2).

"(2) Adjustment of limitation amount.—The Secretary of the Navy may adjust the amount specified in paragraph (1) by the following:

"(A) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs attributable to economic inflation after September 30, 2014.

"(B) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs attributable to compliance with changes in Federal, Guam or Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or local laws enacted after September 30, 2014.

"(3) Written notice of adjustment.—At the same time that the budget for a fiscal year is submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] written notice of any adjustment to the amount specified in paragraph (1) made by the Secretary during the preceding fiscal year pursuant to the authority provided by paragraph (2).

"(b) Restriction on Development of Public Infrastructure.—

"(1) Restriction.—If the Secretary of Defense determines that any grant, cooperative agreement, transfer of funds to another Federal agency, or supplement of funds available under Federal programs administered by agencies other than the Department of Defense will result in the development (including repair, replacement, renovation, conversion, improvement, expansion, acquisition, or construction) of public infrastructure on Guam, the Secretary of Defense may not carry out such grant, transfer, cooperative agreement, or supplemental funding unless such grant, transfer, cooperative agreement, or supplemental funding—

"(A) is specifically authorized by law; and

"(B) will be used to carry out a public infrastructure project included in the report prepared by the Secretary of Defense under section 2822(d)(2) of the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (division B of Public Law 113–66; 127 Stat. 1017), as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 19, 2014].

"(2) Public infrastructure defined.—In this subsection, the term 'public infrastructure' means any utility, method of transportation, item of equipment, or facility under the control of a public entity or State or local government that is used by, or constructed for the benefit of, the general public.

"(c) Repeal of Superseded Law.—Section 2822 of the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (division B of Public Law 113–66; 127 Stat. 1016) is repealed. The repeal of such section does not affect the validity of the amendment made by subsection (f) of such section or the responsibilities of the Economic Adjustment Committee and the Secretary of Defense under subsection (d) of such section, as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act."

[For termination, effective Dec. 31, 2021, of reporting provisions in section 2821(a)(3) of Pub. L. 113–291, set out above, see section 1061 of Pub. L. 114–328, set out as a note under section 111 of this title.]

Pub. L. 112–81, div. B, title XXVIII, §2841, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1696, provided that:

"(a) Management of Workforce Health Care.—Subject to subsection (b), the Secretary of the Navy may not award any additional Navy or Marine Corps construction project or associated task order on Guam associated with the Record of Decision for the Guam and CNMI Military Relocation dated September 2010 if the aggregate of the number of employees holding a visa described in section 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b); known as 'H–2B workers') to support such relocation exceeds 2,000 until the Secretary of the Navy certifies to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] that a system of health care for the H–2B workers is available.

"(b) System of Health Care.—The health care system required to be certified in subsection (a) shall—

"(1) include a comprehensive medical plan for the H–2B workers;

"(2) include comprehensive planning and coordination with contractor-provided healthcare services and with Guam's civilian and military healthcare community; and

"(3) access local healthcare assets to help meet the health care needs of the H–2B workers.

"(c) Elements of Medical Plan.—The comprehensive medical plan referred to in subsection (b)(1) shall—

"(1) address significant health issues, injury, or series of injuries in addition to basic first responder medical services for H–2B workers;

"(2) provide pre-deployment health screening at the country of origin of H–2B workers, ensuring—

"(A) all major or chronic disease conditions of concern are identified;

"(B) proper immunizations are administered;

"(C) screening for tuberculosis and communicable diseases are conducted; and

"(D) all H–2B workers are fit and healthy for work prior to deployment;

"(3) provide that an arrival health screening process is developed to ensure the H–2B workers are fit to work and that the risk of spreading communicable diseases to the resident population is minimized; and

"(4) provide comprehensive on-site medical services, including emergency medical care for the H–2B workers, primary health care to include care for chronic diseases, preventive services and acute care delivery, and accessible prescription services maintaining oversight, authorization access, and delivery of prescription medications to the workforce.

"(d) Savings Clause.—Nothing in this section shall be construed as requiring the Secretary of the Navy to establish a United States Government-sponsored or funded health care system required to be certified in subsection (a) or to be responsible in any way for the administration of a health care system or plan or the provision of health care services for the H–2B workers identified in subsection (a)."

Pub. L. 111–84, div. B, title XXVIII, §2832(a)–(c), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2669, 2670, provided that:

"(a) Special Purpose Entity Defined.—In this section, the term 'special purpose entity' means any private person, corporation, firm, partnership, company, State or local government, or authority or instrumentality of a State or local government that the Secretary of Defense determines is capable of producing military family housing or providing utilities to support the realignment of military installations and the relocation of military personnel on Guam.

"(b) Report on Intended Use Special Purpose Entities.—

"(1) Report required.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 28, 2009], the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] a report describing the intended use of special purpose entities to provide military family housing or utilities to support the realignment of military installations and the relocation of military personnel on Guam.

"(2) Notice and wait.—The Secretary of Defense may not authorize the use of special use entities as described in paragraph (1) until the end of the 30-day period (15-day period if the report is submitted electronically) beginning on the date on which the report required by such paragraph is submitted.

"(c) Applicability of Unified Facilities Criteria.—

"(1) Applicability to section 2350k contributions.—[Amended section 2824(c)(4) of Pub. L. 110–417, set out as a note below]

"(2) Applicability to special purpose entity contributions.—The unified facilities criteria promulgated by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics and dated May 29, 2002, and any successor to such criteria shall be the minimum standard applicable to projects funded using contributions provided by a special purpose entity.

"(3) Report.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 28, 2009], the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] a report containing an evaluation of various options, including a preferred option, that the Secretary could utilize to comply with the unified facilities criteria referred to in paragraph (2) in the acquisition of military housing on Guam in connection with the realignment of military installations and the relocation of military personnel on Guam. In preparing the report, the Secretary shall consider the impact of—

"(A) increasing the overseas housing allowance for members of the Armed Forces serving on Guam; and

"(B) providing a direct Federal subsidy to public-private ventures."

Pub. L. 111–84, div. B, title XXVIII, §2835, Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2674, as amended by Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title X, §1075(d)(24), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4374; Pub. L. 113–66, div. B, title XXVIII, §2821, Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1015, provided that:

"(a) Interagency Coordination Group.—There is hereby established the Interagency Coordination Group of Inspectors General for Guam Realignment (in this section referred to as the 'Interagency Coordination Group')—

"(1) to provide for the objective conduct and supervision of audits and investigations relating to the programs and operations funded with amounts appropriated or otherwise made available for military construction on Guam in connection with the realignment of military installations and the relocation of military personnel on Guam; and

"(2) to provide for coordination of, and recommendations on, policies designed—

"(A) to promote economic efficiency and effectiveness in the administration of the programs and operations described in paragraph (1); and

"(B) to prevent and detect waste, fraud, and abuse in such programs and operations.

"(b) Membership.—

"(1) Chairperson.—The Inspector General of the Department of Defense shall serve as chairperson of the Interagency Coordination Group.

"(2) Additional members.—Additional members of the Interagency Coordination Group shall include the Inspector General of the Department of Interior and the Inspector General of such other Federal agencies as the chairperson considers appropriate to carry out the duties of the Interagency Coordination Group.

"(c) Duties.—

"(1) Oversight of guam construction.—It shall be the duty of the Interagency Coordination Group to conduct, supervise, and coordinate audits and investigations of the treatment, handling, and expenditure of amounts appropriated or otherwise made available for military construction on Guam and of the programs, operations, and contracts carried out utilizing such funds, including—

"(A) the oversight and accounting of the obligation and expenditure of such funds;

"(B) the monitoring and review of construction activities funded by such funds;

"(C) the monitoring and review of contracts funded by such funds;

"(D) the monitoring and review of the transfer of such funds and associated information between and among departments, agencies, and entities of the United States and private and nongovernmental entities;

"(E) the maintenance of records on the use of such funds to facilitate future audits and investigations of the use of such fund; and

"(F) the monitoring and review of the implementation of the Defense Posture Review Initiative relating to the realignment of military installations and the relocation of military personnel on Guam.

"(2) Other duties related to oversight.—The Interagency Coordination Group shall establish, maintain, and oversee such systems, procedures, and controls as the Interagency Coordination Group considers appropriate to discharge the duties under paragraph (1).

"(3) Oversight plan.—The chairperson of the Interagency Coordination Group shall prepare an annual oversight plan detailing planned audits and reviews related to the Guam realignment.

"(d) Assistance From Federal Agencies.—

"(1) Provision of assistance.—Upon request of the Interagency Coordination Group for information or assistance from any department, agency, or other entity of the Federal Government, the head of such entity shall, insofar as is practicable and not in contravention of any existing law, furnish such information or assistance to the Interagency Coordination Group.

"(2) Reporting of refused assistance.—Whenever information or assistance requested by the Interagency Coordination Group is, in the judgment of the chairperson of the Interagency Coordination Group, unreasonably refused or not provided, the chairperson shall report the circumstances to the Secretary of Defense and to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] without delay.

"(e) Reports.—

"(1) Annual reports.—Not later than February 1 of each year, the chairperson of the Interagency Coordination Group shall submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives], the Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of the Interior a report summarizing, for the preceding fiscal year, the activities of the Interagency Coordination Group during such year and the activities under programs and operations funded with amounts appropriated or otherwise made available for military construction on Guam. Each report shall include, for the year covered by the report, a detailed statement of all obligations, expenditures, and revenues associated with such construction, including the following:

"(A) Obligations and expenditures of appropriated funds.

"(B) A project-by-project and program-by-program accounting of the costs incurred to date for military construction in connection with the realignment of military installations and the relocation of military personnel on Guam, together with the estimate of the Department of Defense and the Department of the Interior, as applicable, of the costs to complete each project and each program.

"(C) Revenues attributable to or consisting of funds contributed by the Government of Japan in connection with the realignment of military installations and the relocation of military personnel on Guam and any obligations or expenditures of such revenues.

"(D) Operating expenses of agencies or entities receiving amounts appropriated or otherwise made available for military construction on Guam.

"(E) In the case of any contract, grant, agreement, or other funding mechanism described in paragraph (2)—

"(i) the amount of the contract, grant, agreement, or other funding mechanism;

"(ii) a brief discussion of the scope of the contract, grant, agreement, or other funding mechanism;

"(iii) a discussion of how the department or agency of the United States Government involved in the contract, grant, agreement, or other funding mechanism identified, and solicited offers from, potential individuals or entities to perform the contract, grant, agreement, or other funding mechanism, together with a list of the potential individuals or entities that were issued solicitations for the offers; and

"(iv) the justification and approval documents on which was based the determination to use procedures other than procedures that provide for full and open competition.

"(2) Covered contracts, grants, agreements, and funding mechanisms.—A contract, grant, agreement, or other funding mechanism described in this paragraph is any major contract, grant, agreement, or other funding mechanism that—

"(A) is entered into by any department or agency of the United States Government with any public or private sector entity; and

"(B) involves the use of amounts appropriated or otherwise made available for military construction on Guam.

"(3) Form.—Each report required under this subsection shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex if the Interagency Coordination Group considers it necessary.

"(4) Rule of construction.—Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to authorize the public disclosure of information that is—

"(A) specifically prohibited from disclosure by any other provision of law;

"(B) specifically required by Executive order to be protected from disclosure in the interest of national defense or national security or in the conduct of foreign affairs; or

"(C) a part of an ongoing criminal investigation.

"(5) Submission of comments.—Not later than 30 days after receipt of a report under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of the Interior may submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] any comments on the matters covered by the report as the Secretary concerned considers appropriate. Any comments on the matters covered by the report shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex if the Secretary concerned considers it necessary.

"(f) Public Availability; Waiver.—

"(1) Public availability.—The Interagency Coordination Group shall publish on a publicly available Internet website each report prepared under subsection (e). Any comments on the report submitted under paragraph (5) of such subsection shall also be published on such website.

"(2) Waiver authority.—The President may waive the requirement under paragraph (1) with respect to availability to the public of any element in a report under subsection (e), or any comment with respect to a report, if the President determines that the waiver is justified for national security reasons.

"(3) Notice of waiver.—The President shall publish a notice of each waiver made under this subsection in the Federal Register no later than the date on which a report required under subsection (e), or any comment under paragraph (5) of such subsection, is submitted to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives]. The report and comments shall specify whether waivers under this subsection were made and with respect to which elements in the report or which comments, as appropriate.

"(g) Definitions.—In this section:

"(1) Amounts appropriated or otherwise made available.—The term 'amounts appropriated or otherwise made available for military construction on Guam' includes amounts derived from the Support for United States Relocation to Guam Account.

"(2) Guam.—The term 'Guam' includes any island in the Northern Mariana Islands.

"(h) Termination.—

"(1) In general.—The Interagency Coordination Group shall terminate upon the expenditure of 90 percent of all funds appropriated or otherwise made available for Guam realignment.

"(2) Final report.—Before the termination of the Interagency Coordination Group pursuant to paragraph (1), the chairperson of the Interagency Coordination Group shall prepare and submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] a final report containing—

"(A) notice that the termination condition in paragraph (1) has occurred; and

"(B) a final forensic audit on programs and operations funded with amounts appropriated or otherwise made available for military construction on Guam."

Pub. L. 110–417, div. B, title XXVIII, §2824, Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4730, as amended by Pub. L. 111–84, div. B, title XXVIII, §§2832(c)(1), 2833, 2834(a), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2670–2672; Pub. L. 114–92, div. B, title XXVIII, §2822(c), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1178, provided that:

"(a) Establishment of Account.—There is established on the books of the Treasury an account to be known as the 'Support for United States Relocation to Guam Account' (in this section referred to as the 'Account').

"(b) Credits to Account.—

"(1) Amounts in fund.—There shall be credited to the Account all contributions received during fiscal year 2009 and subsequent fiscal years under section 2350k of title 10, United States Code, for the realignment of military installations and the relocation of military personnel on Guam.

"(2) Notice of receipt of contributions.—The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] written notice of the receipt of contributions referred to in paragraph (1), including the amount of the contributions, not later than 30 days after receiving the contributions.

"(c) Use of Account.—

"(1) Authorized uses.—Subject to paragraph (2), amounts in the Account may be used as follows:

"(A) To carry out or facilitate the carrying out of a transaction authorized by this section in connection with the realignment of military installations and the relocation of military personnel on Guam, including military construction, military family housing, unaccompanied housing, general facilities constructions for military forces, and utilities improvements.

"(B) To carry out improvements of property or facilities on Guam as part of such a transaction.

"(C) To obtain property support services for property or facilities on Guam resulting from such a transaction.

"(D) To develop military facilities or training ranges in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

"(2) Compliance with guam master plan.—Transactions authorized by paragraph (1) shall be consistent with the Guam Master Plan, as incorporated in decisions made in the manner provided in section 102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332).

"(3) Limitation regarding military housing.—To extent that the authorities provided under subchapter IV of chapter 169 of title 10, United States Code, are available to the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary shall use such authorities to acquire, construct, or improve family housing units or ancillary supporting facilities in connection with the relocation of military personnel on Guam.

"(4) Special requirements regarding use of contributions.—

"(A) Treatment of contributions.—Except as provided in subparagraph (C), the use of contributions referred to in subsection (b)(1) shall not be subject to conditions imposed on the use of appropriated funds by chapter 169 of title 10, United States Code, or contained in annual military construction appropriations Acts.

"(B) Notice of obligation.—Contributions referred to in subsection (b)(1) may not be obligated for a transaction authorized by paragraph (1) until the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] notice of the transaction, including a detailed cost estimate, and a period of 21 days has elapsed after the date on which the notification is received by the committees or, if earlier, a period of 14 days has elapsed after the date on which a copy of the notification is provided in an electronic medium.

"(C) Cost and scope of work variations.—Section 2853 of title 10, United States Code, shall apply to the use of contributions referred to in subsection (b)(1).

"(D) Applicability of unified facilities criteria.—The unified facilities criteria promulgated by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics and dated May 29, 2002, and any successor to such criteria shall be the minimum standard applicable to projects funded using contributions referred to in subsection (b)(1) for a transaction authorized by paragraph (1).

"(5) Application of prevailing wage requirements.—

"(A) In general.—The requirements of subchapter IV of chapter 31 of title 40, United States Code, shall apply to any military construction project or other transaction authorized by paragraph (1) that is carried out on Guam using contributions referred to in subsection (b)(1) or appropriated funds.

"(B) Secretary of labor authorities.—In order to carry out the requirements of subparagraph (A) and paragraph (6) (relating to composition of workforce for construction projects), the Secretary of Labor shall have the authority and functions set forth in Reorganization Plan Number 14 of 1950 [set out in Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees] and section 3145 of title 40, United States Code.

"(C) Wage rate determination.—In making wage rate determinations pursuant to subparagraph (A), the Secretary of Labor shall not include in the wage survey any persons who hold a visa described in section 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b)).

"(D) Addition to weekly statement on the wages paid.—In the case of projects and other transactions covered by subparagraph (A), the weekly statement required by section 3145 of title 40, United States Code, shall also identify each employee working on the project or transaction who holds a visa described in section 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b)).

"(E) Duration of requirements.—The Secretary of Labor shall make and issue a wage rate determination for Guam annually until 90 percent of the funds in the Account and other funds made available for the realignment of military installations and the relocation of military personnel on Guam have been expended.

"(6) Composition of workforce for construction projects.—

"(A) Limitation.—With respect to each construction project that is carried out using amounts described in subparagraph (B), no work may be performed by a person holding a visa described in section 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b)) unless—

"(i) the application for that visa has been approved pursuant to the issuance of a temporary labor certification by the Governor of Guam as provided under section 214.2 of title 8, Code of Federal Regulations; and

"(ii) the Governor of Guam, in consultation with the Secretary of Labor, makes the certification described in subparagraph (C) to the Secretary of Defense.

"(B) Source of funds.—Subparagraph (A) applies to—

"(i) amounts in the Account used for projects associated with the realignment of military installations and the relocation of military personnel on Guam;

"(ii) funds associated with activities under section 2821 of this Act [amending section 2688 of this title]; and

"(iii) funds for authorized military construction projects.

"(C) Certification.—The certification referred to in subparagraph (A) is a certification, in addition to the certifications required by section 214.2 of title 8, Code of Federal Regulations, that—

"(i) there are not sufficient United States workers who are able, willing, qualified, and available at the time of application for a visa and admission to the United States and at the place where the persons holding visas described in section 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b)) are to perform such skilled or unskilled labor; and

"(ii) the employment of such persons holding visas described in section 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b)) will not adversely affect the wages and working conditions of workers in Guam similarly employed.

"(D) Solicitation of workers.—In order to ensure compliance with subparagraph (A), as a condition of a contract covered by such subparagraph, the contractor shall be required to advertise and solicit for construction workers in the United States, including Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, in accordance with a recruitment plan approved by the Secretary of Labor. The contractor shall submit a copy of the employment offer, including a description of wages and other terms and conditions of employment, to the Secretary of Labor at least 60 days before the start date of the workers under a contract. The contractor shall authorize the Secretary of Labor to post a notice of the employment offer on a website, with State, territorial, and local job banks, with State and territorial workforce agencies, and with any other referral and recruitment sources the Secretary of Labor determines may be pertinent to the employment opportunity.

"(E) Recruitment period.—The Secretary of Labor shall ensure that a contractor's recruitment of construction workers complies with the recruitment plan required by subparagraph (D) for a period beginning 60 days before the start date of workers under a contract and continuing for the next 28 days. During the recruitment period, the contractor shall interview all qualified and available United States construction workers who have applied for the employment opportunity, and, at the close of the recruitment period, the contractor shall provide the Secretary of Labor with a recruitment report providing any reasons for which the contractor did not hire an applicant who is a qualified United States construction worker. Not later than 21 days before the start date of the workers under a contract, the Secretary of Labor shall certify to the Governor of Guam whether the contractor has satisfied the recruitment plan created under subparagraph (D).

"(F) Limitation.—An employer, its attorney or agent, the Secretary of Labor, the Governor of Guam, and any designee thereof, may not seek or receive payment of any kind from any worker for any activity related to obtaining an H-2B labor certification with respect to any construction project that is carried out using amounts described in subparagraph (B).

"(d) Transfer Authority.—

"(1) Transfer to housing funds.—The Secretary of Defense may transfer funds from the Account to the Department of Defense Family Housing Improvement Fund established by section 2883(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code.

"(2) Treatment of transferred amounts.—Amounts transferred under paragraph (1) to a fund referred to in that paragraph shall be available in accordance with the provisions of section 2883 of title 10, United States Code for activities on Guam authorized under subchapter IV of chapter 169 of such title.

"[(e) Repealed. Pub. L. 114–92, div. B, title XXVIII, §2822(c), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1178.]

"(f) Sense of Congress.—It is the sense of Congress that the use of the Account to facilitate construction projects associated with the realignment of military installations and the relocation of military personnel on Guam, as authorized by subsection (c)(1), provides a great opportunity for business enterprises of the United States and its territories to contribute to the United States strategic presence in the western Pacific by competing for contracts awarded for such construction. Congress urges the Secretary of Defense to ensure maximum participation by business enterprises of the United States and its territories in such construction."

Required Consultation With State and Local Entities on Issues Related to Increase in Number of Military Personnel at Military Installations

Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, §2835, Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3521, provided that: "If the base closure and realignment decisions of the 2005 round of base closures and realignments under the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note) or the Integrated Global Presence and Basing Strategy would result in an increase in the number of members of the Armed Forces assigned to a military installation, the Secretary of Defense, during the development of the plans to implement the decisions or strategy with respect to that installation, shall consult with appropriate State and local entities to ensure that matters affecting the local community, including requirements for transportation, utility infrastructure, housing, education, and family support activities, are considered."

Consideration of Surge Requirements in 2005 Round of Base Realignments and Closures

Pub. L. 108–136, div. B, title XXVIII, §2822, Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1726, provided that:

"(a) Determination of Surge Requirements.—The Secretary of Defense shall assess the probable threats to national security and, as part of such assessment, determine the potential, prudent, surge requirements to meet those threats.

"(b) Use of Determination.—The Secretary shall use the surge requirements determination made under subsection (a) in the base realignment and closure process under the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note), as amended by title XXX of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 107–107; 115 Stat. 1342)."

Report on Closure and Realignment of Military Installations

Pub. L. 105–85, div. B, title XXVIII, §2824, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1998, as amended by Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, §101(f) [title VIII, §405(d)(9), (f)(8)], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–337, 2681-420, 2681-430, required the Secretary of Defense to prepare and submit to the Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of Senate and House of Representatives, not later than the date on which the President submitted to Congress the budget for fiscal year 2000, a report on the costs and savings attributable to the rounds of base closures and realignments conducted under the base closure laws and on the need, if any, for additional rounds of base closures and realignments.

Retention of Civilian Employee Positions at Military Training Bases Transferred to National Guard

Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title XVI, §1602, Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2734, provided that:

"(a) Retention of Employee Positions.—In the case of a military training installation described in subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall retain civilian employee positions of the Department of Defense at the installation after transfer to the National Guard to facilitate active and reserve component training at the installation. The Secretary shall determine the extent to which positions at the installation are to be retained as positions of the Department of Defense in consultation with the Adjutant General of the National Guard of the State in which the installation is located.

"(b) Military Training Installations Affected.—This section applies with respect to each military training installation that—

"(1) was approved for closure in 1995 under the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note);

"(2) is scheduled for transfer to National Guard operation and control; and

"(3) will continue to be used, after such transfer, to provide training support to active and reserve components of the Armed Forces.

"(c) Maximum Positions Retained.—The number of civilian employee positions retained at an installation under this section may not exceed 20 percent of the Federal civilian workforce employed at the installation as of September 8, 1995.

"(d) Removal of Position.—The requirement to maintain a civilian employee position at an installation under this section terminates upon the later of the following:

"(1) The date of the departure or retirement from that position by the civilian employee initially employed or retained in the position as a result of this section.

"(2) The date on which the Secretary certifies to Congress that the position is no longer required to ensure that effective support is provided at the installation for active and reserve component training."

Use of Funds To Improve Leased Property

Pub. L. 104–106, div. B, title XXVIII, §2837(b), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 561, provided that: "Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a department or agency of the Federal Government that enters into a lease of property under section 2905(b)(4)(C) [now 2905(b)(4)(E)] of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note), as amended by subsection (a), may improve the leased property using funds appropriated or otherwise available to the department or agency for such purpose."

Regulations To Carry Out Section 204(e) of Pub. L. 100–526 and Section 2905(f) of Pub. L. 101–510

Pub. L. 104–106, div. B, title XXVIII, §2840(c), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 566, provided that not later than nine months after Feb. 10, 1996, the Secretary of Defense was to prescribe any regulations necessary to carry out section 204(e) of the Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act (Pub. L. 100–526) and section 2905(f) of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Pub. L. 101–510), set out in notes below.

Prohibition on Obligation of Funds for Projects on Installations Cited for Realignment

Pub. L. 104–6, title I, §112, Apr. 10, 1995, 109 Stat. 82, provided that: "None of the funds made available to the Department of Defense for any fiscal year for military construction or family housing may be obligated to initiate construction projects upon enactment of this Act [Apr. 10, 1995] for any project on an installation that—

"(1) was included in the closure and realignment recommendations submitted by the Secretary of Defense to the Base Closure and Realignment Commission on February 28, 1995, unless removed by the Base Closure and Realignment Commission, or

"(2) is included in the closure and realignment recommendation as submitted to Congress in 1995 in accordance with the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990, as amended (Public Law 101–510) [part A of title XXIX of div. B of Pub. L. 101–510, set out below]:

Provided, That the prohibition on obligation of funds for projects located on an installation cited for realignment are only to be in effect if the function or activity with which the project is associated will be transferred from the installation as a result of the realignment: Provided further, That this provision will remain in effect unless the Congress enacts a Joint Resolution of Disapproval in accordance with the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990, as amended (Public Law 101–510)."

Applicability to Installations Approved for Closure Before Enactment of Pub. L. 103–421

Pub. L. 103–421, §2(e), Oct. 25, 1994, 108 Stat. 4352, as amended by Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1505(f), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 515; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title X, §1048(d)(5), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1227, provided that:

"(1)(A) Notwithstanding any provision of the 1988 base closure Act or the 1990 base closure Act, as such provision was in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 25, 1994], and subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), the use to assist the homeless of building and property at military installations approved for closure under the 1988 base closure Act or the 1990 base closure Act, as the case may be, before such date shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (7) of section 2905(b) of the 1990 base closure Act, as amended by subsection (a), in lieu of the provisions of the 1988 base closure Act or the 1990 base closure Act that would otherwise apply to the installations.

"(B)(i) The provisions of such paragraph (7) shall apply to an installation referred to in subparagraph (A) only if the redevelopment authority for the installation submits a request to the Secretary of Defense not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

"(ii) In the case of an installation for which no redevelopment authority exists on the date of the enactment of this Act, the chief executive officer of the State in which the installation is located shall submit the request referred to in clause (i) and act as the redevelopment authority for the installation.

"(C) The provisions of such paragraph (7) shall not apply to any buildings or property at an installation referred to in subparagraph (A) for which the redevelopment authority submits a request referred to in subparagraph (B) within the time specified in such subparagraph (B) if the buildings or property, as the case may be, have been transferred or leased for use to assist the homeless under the 1988 base closure Act or the 1990 base closure Act, as the case may be, before the date of the enactment of this Act.

"(2) For purposes of the application of such paragraph (7) to the buildings and property at an installation, the date on which the Secretary receives a request with respect to the installation under paragraph (1) shall be treated as the date on which the Secretary of Defense completes the final determination referred to in subparagraph (B) of such paragraph (7).

"(3) Upon receipt under paragraph (1)(B) of a timely request with respect to an installation, the Secretary of Defense shall publish in the Federal Register and in a newspaper of general circulation in the communities in the vicinity of the installation information describing the redevelopment authority for the installation.

"(4)(A) The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall not, during the 60-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 25, 1994], carry out with respect to any military installation approved for closure under the 1988 base closure Act or the 1990 base closure Act before such date any action required of such Secretaries under the 1988 base closure Act or the 1990 base closure Act, as the case may be, or under section 501 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11411).

"(B)(i) Upon receipt under paragraph (1)(A) of a timely request with respect to an installation, the Secretary of Defense shall notify the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and the Secretary of Health and Human Services that the disposal of buildings and property at the installation shall be determined under such paragraph (7) in accordance with this subsection.

"(ii) Upon receipt of a notice with respect to an installation under this subparagraph, the requirements, if any, of the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and the Secretary of Health and Human Services with respect to the installation under the provisions of law referred to in subparagraph (A) shall terminate.

"(iii) Upon receipt of a notice with respect to an installation under this subparagraph, the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall notify each representative of the homeless that submitted to that Secretary an application to use buildings or property at the installation to assist the homeless under the 1988 base closure Act or the 1990 base closure Act, as the case may be, that the use of buildings and property at the installation to assist the homeless shall be determined under such paragraph (7) in accordance with this subsection.

"(5) In preparing a redevelopment plan for buildings and property at an installation covered by such paragraph (7) by reason of this subsection, the redevelopment authority concerned shall—

"(A) consider and address specifically any applications for use of such buildings and property to assist the homeless that were received by the Secretary of Health and Human Services under the 1988 base closure Act or the 1990 base closure Act, as the case may be, before the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 25, 1994] and are pending with that Secretary on that date; and

"(B) in the case of any application by representatives of the homeless that was approved by the Secretary of Health and Human Services before the date of enactment of this Act, ensure that the plan adequately addresses the needs of the homeless identified in the application by providing such representatives of the homeless with—

"(i) properties, on or off the installation, that are substantially equivalent to the properties covered by the application;

"(ii) sufficient funding to secure such substantially equivalent properties;

"(iii) services and activities that meet the needs identified in the application; or

"(iv) a combination of the properties, funding, and services and activities described in clauses (i), (ii), and (iii).

"(6) In the case of an installation to which the provisions of such paragraph (7) apply by reason of this subsection, the date specified by the redevelopment authority for the installation under subparagraph (D) of such paragraph (7) shall be not less than 1 month and not more than 6 months after the date of the submittal of the request with respect to the installation under paragraph (1)(B).

"(7) For purposes of this subsection:

"(A) The term '1988 base closure Act' means title II of the Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act (Public Law 100–526; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

"(B) The term '1990 base closure Act' means the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note)."

Preference for Local Residents

Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title VIII, §817, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2820, provided that:

"(a) Preference Allowed.—In entering into contracts with private entities for services to be performed at a military installation that is affected by closure or alignment under a base closure law, the Secretary of Defense may give preference, consistent with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations, to entities that plan to hire, to the maximum extent practicable, residents of the vicinity of such military installation to perform such contracts. Contracts for which the preference may be given include contracts to carry out environmental restoration activities or construction work at such military installations. Any such preference may be given for a contract only if the services to be performed under the contract at the military installation concerned can be carried out in a manner that is consistent with all other actions at the installation that the Secretary is legally required to undertake.

"(b) Definition.—In this section, the term 'base closure law' means the following:

"(1) The provisions of title II of the Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act (Public Law 100–526; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

"(2) The Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

"(c) Applicability.—Any preference given under subsection (a) shall apply only with respect to contracts entered into after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 5, 1994].

"(d) Termination.—This section shall cease to be effective on September 30, 1997."

Government Rental of Facilities Located on Closed Military Installations

Pub. L. 103–337, div. B, title XXVIII, §2814, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3056, as amended by Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title X, §1062(l), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2652; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title X, §1056(a)(3), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3439, provided that:

"(a) Authorization To Rent Base Closure Properties.—To promote the rapid conversion of military installations that are closed pursuant to a base closure law, the Administrator of the General Services may give priority consideration, when leasing space in accordance with chapter 5 or 33 of title 40, United States Code, to facilities of such an installation that have been acquired by a non-Federal entity.

"(b) Base Closure Law Defined.—In this section, the term 'base closure law' has the meaning given such term in section 101(a)(17) of title 10, United States Code."

Report of Effect of Base Closures on Future Mobilization Options

Pub. L. 103–337, div. B, title XXVIII, §2815, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3056, required the Secretary of Defense to prepare and submit to the congressional defense committees, not later than Jan. 31, 1996, a report evaluating the effect of base closures and realignments conducted since Jan. 1, 1987, on the ability of the Armed Forces to remobilize to the end strength levels authorized for fiscal year 1987 by sections 401, 403, 411, and 421 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1987 (Pub. L. 99–661; 100 Stat. 3859).

Congressional Findings With Respect to Base Closure Community Assistance

Pub. L. 103–160, div. B, title XXIX, §2901, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1909, provided that: "Congress makes the following findings:

"(1) The closure and realignment of military installations within the United States is a necessary consequence of the end of the Cold War and of changed United States national security requirements.

"(2) A military installation is a significant source of employment for many communities, and the closure or realignment of an installation may cause economic hardship for such communities.

"(3) It is in the interest of the United States that the Federal Government facilitate the economic recovery of communities that experience adverse economic circumstances as a result of the closure or realignment of a military installation.

"(4) It is in the interest of the United States that the Federal Government assist communities that experience adverse economic circumstances as a result of the closure of military installations by working with such communities to identify and implement means of reutilizing or redeveloping such installations in a beneficial manner or of otherwise revitalizing such communities and the economies of such communities.

"(5) The Federal Government may best identify and implement such means by requiring that the head of each department or agency of the Federal Government having jurisdiction over a matter arising out of the closure of a military installation under a base closure law, or the reutilization and redevelopment of such an installation, designate for each installation to be closed an individual in such department or agency who shall provide information and assistance to the transition coordinator for the installation designated under section 2915 [set out below] on the assistance, programs, or other activities of such department or agency with respect to the closure or reutilization and redevelopment of the installation.

"(6) The Federal Government may also provide such assistance by accelerating environmental restoration at military installations to be closed, and by closing such installations, in a manner that best ensures the beneficial reutilization and redevelopment of such installations by such communities.

"(7) The Federal Government may best contribute to such reutilization and redevelopment by making available real and personal property at military installations to be closed to communities affected by such closures on a timely basis, and, if appropriate, at less than fair market value."

Consideration of Economic Needs and Cooperation With State and Local Authorities in Disposing of Property

Pub. L. 103–160, div. B, title XXIX, §2903(c), (d), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1915, provided that:

"(c) Consideration of Economic Needs.—In order to maximize the local and regional benefit from the reutilization and redevelopment of military installations that are closed, or approved for closure, pursuant to the operation of a base closure law, the Secretary of Defense shall consider locally and regionally delineated economic development needs and priorities into the process by which the Secretary disposes of real property and personal property as part of the closure of a military installation under a base closure law. In determining such needs and priorities, the Secretary shall take into account the redevelopment plan developed for the military installation involved. The Secretary shall ensure that the needs of the homeless in the communities affected by the closure of such installations are taken into consideration in the redevelopment plan with respect to such installations.

"(d) Cooperation.—The Secretary of Defense shall cooperate with the State in which a military installation referred to in subsection (c) is located, with the redevelopment authority with respect to the installation, and with local governments and other interested persons in communities located near the installation in implementing the entire process of disposal of the real property and personal property at the installation."

Regulations To Carry Out Section 204 of Pub. L. 100–526 and Section 2905 of Pub. L. 101–510

Pub. L. 103–160, div. B, title XXIX, §2908(c), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1924, provided that: "Not later than nine months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 30, 1993], the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, shall prescribe any regulations necessary to carry out subsection (d) of section 204 of the Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act (title II of Public Law 100–526; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note), as added by subsection (a), and subsection (e) of section 2905 of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note), as added by subsection (b)."

Compliance With Certain Environmental Requirements

Pub. L. 103–160, div. B, title XXIX, §2911, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1924, provided that: "Not later than 12 months after the date of the submittal to the Secretary of Defense of a redevelopment plan for an installation approved for closure under a base closure law, the Secretary of Defense shall, to the extent practicable, complete any environmental impact analyses required with respect to the installation, and with respect to the redevelopment plan, if any, for the installation, pursuant to the base closure law under which the installation is closed, and pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.)."

Preference for Local and Small Businesses in Contracting

Pub. L. 103–160, div. B, title XXIX, §2912, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1925, as amended by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title X, §1070(b)(14), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2857, provided that:

"(a) Preference Required.—In entering into contracts with private entities as part of the closure or realignment of a military installation under a base closure law, the Secretary of Defense shall give preference, to the greatest extent practicable, to qualified businesses located in the vicinity of the installation and to small business concerns and small disadvantaged business concerns. Contracts for which this preference shall be given shall include contracts to carry out activities for the environmental restoration and mitigation at military installations to be closed or realigned.

"(b) Definitions.—In this section:

"(1) The term 'small business concern' means a business concern meeting the requirements of section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).

"(2) The term 'small disadvantaged business concern' means the business concerns referred to in section 8(d)(1) of such Act (15 U.S.C. 637(d)(1)).

"(3) The term 'base closure law' includes section 2687 of title 10, United States Code."

Transition Coordinators for Assistance to Communities Affected by Closure of Installations

Pub. L. 103–160, div. B, title XXIX, §2915, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1926, as amended by Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title X, §1048(d)(4), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1227, provided that:

"(a) In General.—The Secretary of Defense shall designate a transition coordinator for each military installation to be closed under a base closure law. The transition coordinator shall carry out the activities for such coordinator set forth in subsection (c).

"(b) Timing of Designation.—A transition coordinator shall be designated for an installation under subsection (a) as follows:

"(1) Not later than 15 days after the date of approval of closure of the installation.

"(2) In the case of installations approved for closure under a base closure law before the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 30, 1993], not later than 15 days after such date of enactment.

"(c) Responsibilities.—A transition coordinator designated with respect to an installation shall—

"(1) encourage, after consultation with officials of Federal and State departments and agencies concerned, the development of strategies for the expeditious environmental cleanup and restoration of the installation by the Department of Defense;

"(2) assist the Secretary of the military department concerned in designating real property at the installation that has the potential for rapid and beneficial reuse or redevelopment in accordance with the redevelopment plan for the installation;

"(3) assist such Secretary in identifying strategies for accelerating completion of environmental cleanup and restoration of the real property designated under paragraph (2);

"(4) assist such Secretary in developing plans for the closure of the installation that take into account the goals set forth in the redevelopment plan for the installation;

"(5) assist such Secretary in developing plans for ensuring that, to the maximum extent practicable, the Department of Defense carries out any activities at the installation after the closure of the installation in a manner that takes into account, and supports, the redevelopment plan for the installation;

"(6) assist the Secretary of Defense in making determinations with respect to the transferability of property at the installation under section 204(b)(5) of the Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act (title II of Public Law 100–526; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note), as added by section 2904(a) of this Act, and under section 2905(b)(5) of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note), as added by section 2904(b) of this Act, as the case may be;

"(7) assist the local redevelopment authority with respect to the installation in identifying real property or personal property at the installation that may have significant potential for reuse or redevelopment in accordance with the redevelopment plan for the installation;

"(8) assist the Office of Economic Adjustment of the Department of Defense and other departments and agencies of the Federal Government in coordinating the provision of assistance under transition assistance and transition mitigation programs with community redevelopment activities with respect to the installation;

"(9) assist the Secretary of the military department concerned in identifying property located at the installation that may be leased in a manner consistent with the redevelopment plan for the installation; and

"(10) assist the Secretary of Defense in identifying real property or personal property at the installation that may be utilized to meet the needs of the homeless by consulting with the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and the local lead agency of the homeless, if any, referred to in section 210(b) of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11320(b)) for the State in which the installation is located."

Definitions for Subtitle A of Title XXIX of Pub. L. 103–160

Pub. L. 103–160, div. B, title XXIX, §2918(a), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1927, provided that: "In this subtitle [subtitle A (§§2901 to 2918) of title XXIX of div. B of Pub. L. 103–160, amending sections 2391 and 2667 of this title, enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and section 9620 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, and amending provisions set out as notes under this section]:

"(1) The term 'base closure law' means the following:

"(A) The provisions of title II of the Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act (Public Law 100–526; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

"(B) The Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

"(2) The term 'date of approval', with respect to a closure or realignment of an installation, means the date on which the authority of Congress to disapprove a recommendation of closure or realignment, as the case may be, of such installation under the applicable base closure law expires.

"(3) The term 'redevelopment authority', in the case of an installation to be closed under a base closure law, means any entity (including an entity established by a State or local government) recognized by the Secretary of Defense as the entity responsible for developing the redevelopment plan with respect to the installation and for directing the implementation of such plan.

"(4) The term 'redevelopment plan', in the case of an installation to be closed under a base closure law, means a plan that—

"(A) is agreed to by the redevelopment authority with respect to the installation; and

"(B) provides for the reuse or redevelopment of the real property and personal property of the installation that is available for such reuse and redevelopment as a result of the closure of the installation."

Limitation on Expenditures From Defense Base Closure Account 1990 for Military Construction in Support of Transfers of Functions

Pub. L. 103–160, div. B, title XXIX, §2922, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1930, as amended by Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1502(c)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 506; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, §1067(7), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 774, provided that:

"(a) Limitation.—If the Secretary of Defense recommends to the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Commission pursuant to section 2903(c) of the 1990 base closure Act [set out below] that an installation be closed or realigned, the Secretary identifies in documents submitted to the Commission one or more installations to which a function performed at the recommended installation would be transferred, and the recommended installation is closed or realigned pursuant to such Act, then, except as provided in subsection (b), funds in the Defense Base Closure Account 1990 may not be used for military construction in support of the transfer of that function to any installation other than an installation so identified in such documents.

"(b) Exception.—The limitation in subsection (a) ceases to be applicable to military construction in support of the transfer of a function to an installation on the 60th day following the date on which the Secretary submits to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a notification of the proposed transfer that—

"(1) identifies the installation to which the function is to be transferred; and

"(2) includes the justification for the transfer to such installation.

"(c) Definitions.—In this section:

"(1) The term '1990 base closure Act' means the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

"(2) The term 'Defense Base Closure Account 1990' means the account established under section 2906 of the 1990 base closure Act [set out below]."

Sense of Congress on Development of Base Closure Criteria

Pub. L. 103–160, div. B, title XXIX, §2925, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1932, as amended by Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, §1502(c)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 506, provided that:

"(a) Sense of Congress.—It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Defense consider, in developing in accordance with section 2903(b)(2)(B) of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note) amended criteria, whether such criteria should include the direct costs of such closures and realignments to other Federal departments and agencies.

"(b) Report on Amendment.—(1) The Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives [now Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives] a report on any amended criteria developed by the Secretary under section 2903(b)(2)(B) of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 30, 1993]. Such report shall include a discussion of the amended criteria and include a justification for any decision not to propose a criterion regarding the direct costs of base closures and realignments to other Federal agencies and departments.

"(2) The Secretary shall submit the report upon publication of the amended criteria in accordance with section 2903(b)(2)(B) of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990."

Military Base Closure Report

Pub. L. 102–581, title I, §107(d), Oct. 31, 1992, 106 Stat. 4879, provided that within 30 days after the date on which the Secretary of Defense recommended a list of military bases for closure or realignment pursuant to section 2903(c) of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (Pub. L. 101–510, set out below), the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration was to submit to Congress and the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Commission a report on the effects of all those recommendations involving military airbases, including the effect on civilian airports and airways in the local community and region; potential modifications and costs necessary to convert such bases to civilian aviation use; and in the case of air traffic control or radar coverage currently provided by the Department of Defense, potential installations or adjustments of equipment and costs necessary for the Federal Aviation Administration to maintain existing levels of service for the local community and region.

Indemnification of Transferees of Closing Defense Property

Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title III, §330, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2371, as amended by Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title X, §1002, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1745, provided that:

"(a) In General.—(1) Except as provided in paragraph (3) and subject to subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall hold harmless, defend, and indemnify in full the persons and entities described in paragraph (2) from and against any suit, claim, demand or action, liability, judgment, cost or other fee arising out of any claim for personal injury or property damage (including death, illness, or loss of or damage to property or economic loss) that results from, or is in any manner predicated upon, the release or threatened release of any hazardous substance, pollutant or contaminant, or petroleum or petroleum derivative as a result of Department of Defense activities at any military installation (or portion thereof) that is closed pursuant to a base closure law.

"(2) The persons and entities described in this paragraph are the following:

"(A) Any State (including any officer, agent, or employee of the State) that acquires ownership or control of any facility at a military installation (or any portion thereof) described in paragraph (1).

"(B) Any political subdivision of a State (including any officer, agent, or employee of the State) that acquires such ownership or control.

"(C) Any other person or entity that acquires such ownership or control.

"(D) Any successor, assignee, transferee, lender, or lessee of a person or entity described in subparagraphs (A) through (C).

"(3) To the extent the persons and entities described in paragraph (2) contributed to any such release or threatened release, paragraph (1) shall not apply.

"(b) Conditions.—No indemnification may be afforded under this section unless the person or entity making a claim for indemnification—

"(1) notifies the Department of Defense in writing within two years after such claim accrues or begins action within six months after the date of mailing, by certified or registered mail, of notice of final denial of the claim by the Department of Defense;

"(2) furnishes to the Department of Defense copies of pertinent papers the entity receives;

"(3) furnishes evidence or proof of any claim, loss, or damage covered by this section; and

"(4) provides, upon request by the Department of Defense, access to the records and personnel of the entity for purposes of defending or settling the claim or action.

"(c) Authority of Secretary of Defens